The entire book is full of symbolism which the author uses to show how the government was totalitarian, and the people had no say. In addition, Orwell uses the Symbol “Big Brother is watching” to instill fear in the people of the 1984 world. The symbol was everywhere and it instilled a lot of fear in the people since they knew they are being watched and they feared for their lives. The words were first seen by Winston when he was taken to the Victory Mansion, the word was all over the place on posters and it was used to make the people to fear the government and to do all the Party ordered them to do. The poster was a propaganda the Party used in order to instill fear in the people by making them believe that, big brother was tracking all their movements.
This was not only because anyone could be seen as a communist, but anyone could report others and get them taken away. The drawback from snitching was it affiliated you with a communist and got you arrested as well. The population caught on quickly and “Anti-Nazi political and union workers either fled germany or faced long-term confinement in a concentration camp”(Political Prisoners). Often those not lucky or resourceful enough to escape imprisonment, would conform with the Nazis in order to save themselves. Since anyone to stand against the government would be taken away, it shows that political prisoners were the first in Nazi camps.
Convict communists were ordered to confess their crime and name others to avoid the retribution. The new decision led to a cyclone of accusations because people realized the possibility of their condemnation regardless they were guilty or innocent. Many helped that system by untrue confessions to save their lives. Miller, among others, refused to surrender to questioning. People who were revealed communists suffered greatly (Bly 2-5).
So people like writers, intellectuals, and artists are a major threat to Stalin. They could try to sway public opinion of Stalin being a perfect man through their works. So Stalin censored their work and arrested them. The poet Osip Mandelstam was one such writer and was arrested for reciting his famous anti-Stalin poem Stalin Epigram to his circle of friends in 1934. Another example would be theatre director Vsevolod Meyerhold who was arrested in 1939 and shot in February 1940 for supposedly spying for Japanese and British intelligence.
Arthur Miller based his piece entitled “the Crucible” on the Terror Campaign that was led by the United States to demonize USSR and other Countries who are exercising communism during the Cold war. Religion affects every part of life, but it is the religion where there are constrictions that leads to the difficulty of managing emotions such as rage, jealousy, or resentment that had led to interpersonal arguments and grudges over property, religious offices, and sexual behaviour that have generated to rise underneath the theocratic surface. These had caused a great pressure that was combined with fear about supernatural forces, resulted to a mania of the witch trials. 250 years ago, things like this has been happening for years, The Crucible was just a manifestation of McCarthyism during the Cold War. It gives us the emphasis of looking back in the past so that we will know the mistakes that had been occurring due to the misjudgement of authorities and to ensure that it does not happen again..
The main accuser during this time was Joseph McCarthy. The people who were accused were just everyday people. Joseph McCarthy said that he knew people who are members of the communist party working for the government, he may have done this because he didn’t like those people. This scared everyone, primarily because during the years that followed WWII everyone feared communist. So after McCarthy made these statements, it almost made like a ripple effect by having everyday people, being accused of people that “suspected” that they were communists as well.
This interpersonal conflict created a negative toll on the two characters and because they lacked the “strategies for managing conflict,” they ended up fighting in the “Pandoran War.” Another example of interpersonal conflict found within the film was when Jake Sully had to tell the Omaticaya clan and the girl he fell in love with, he was initially only there to infiltrate their clan and report to the corporals. Thus, they knew he was aware of the destruction that was coming to their home and the fact he betrayed their trust; he was then bounded by the Omaticaya clan and told he “[would] never be one of the People.” Thankfully, after proper conflict management, he was able to regain the Omaticaya clan’s trust and help aid in the Pandroan war against the
The Great Purge of Russia Communism is when property is publicly owned and people are paid according to their abilities. Joseph Stalin was the communist leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and a paranoid leader. He initiated the Great Purge because he feared people were plotting to remove him from power. During the Purge, his agents would torture the accused, and over half a million people would die. An explanation of how the accused died, who was targeted, and who carried out the killings will enable one to understand who was responsible and how they carried out this event.
These men that are in the illustration can represent political corruption or chemical bombs that went off. Political corruption comes to mind when you see the vacuum cleaners they are using, when you think of politics, you think of people trying to convince you to follow their campaign. However, in some other countries communism forces you to follow their commands or else, which is why these men are vacuuming up civilians. War comes to mind when you see the hazmat suits, war always plays a role in immigration and reasons why people move. During the time of World War II people were fleeing countries overseas like Japan, because of chemical bombs and nuclear bomb
Such ruthlessness would result in people becoming too intimidated to voice their dissatisfaction against the state (). They also utilized propaganda to strengthen their influence over their peoples’ lives (). This became evident when Stalin and Hitler used propaganda to glorify themselves and to criticize Western ideals (). This enabled them to rule with an iron fist (). With this achieved, both men began setting their sights on world domination (McAleavy,
The Trials of 1692 were a perfect way for Miller to express his thoughts about the hunt for communists in the U.S. as Americans let fear control them causing fellow neighbors to suspect each other and ignore one another 's civil rights and as stated by History.com “ the Red Scare – is often cited as an example of how unfounded fears can compromise civil liberties”(History.com “Red Scare”) . The attitude of the 50 's also helped to play a vital part in how Miller came to choose to write about the trials as Americans branded communists were as stated by History.com “hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs.”(History.com “Red Scare”), Miller lived in a world that was teetering on the edge of fear. His writings about the Salem Witch Trials expressed Martinez 2 just how fear of the unknown can influence and cause people to commit atrocities which can lead to the persecution of innocents. However, it may have been the fear developed inside of those who
James F. O’Neil, a member and commander of the American Legion, was strongly against communism, viewing it as a corruptive influence that needed to be found and routed out of public institutions. O’Neil viewed communists as inherently deceitful, armed with “artful doges and ingenious dissimulations” that were employed on gullible and unsuspecting American citizens. As a way to combat these manipulations, O’Neil recommended that American citizens remain constantly alert for those in their surroundings who might be spies, and to alert the proper authorities as to any possible communists. As a man who had fought in war in service for his country, O’Neil still felt the need to protect his country, even after having been discharged from military service, by stifling any communist presence in America. O’Neil viewed communism as a corrosive force to American ideals that he had fought so hard to
The Cold War had disconnected and slandered Soviets in American culture. The political witch-chase which occurred under the lead of Senator McCarthy imprisoned many suspected Communist foes for simply practicing their First Amendment rights to the right to speak freely and opportunity of the press. Americans got to fear doing anything that may make them the objectives of Federal examination by associations like the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). Daily paper editors and book writers became perplexed of distributed articles condemning of the administration in apprehension that they may be blamed for being Communist sympathizers and put in prison. A well known political toon from the 1950s shows Senator McCarthy stifling the Torch of Liberty.
During the Cold war, between Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(USSR) and the United States, fear of communism had increased drastically. Americans feared that communists were working inside their Government and inside their country to change their way of living, This new found fear was called the Red Scare. The Red Scare had spread so quickly people accused their neighbors and friends to be communists. Soon enough even the government was deemed untrustworthy. When someone would verify that they were not communist or inform the Government of suspicious communist activity, they were considered friendly.
McCarthy’s attacks soon began threatening national security, causing Hoover to perform damage control (184). “Senator McCarthy’s attacks were scattershot, but on occasion, when the Bureau’s reports steadied his hand, his aim was true.” (183). McCarthy’s accusations and investigations caused people to be fired, and some committed suicide during investigations. The majority of McCarthy’s attacks came straight from FBI documentation (184-185). Hoover told McCarthy to stop, however the senator did not heed his warning, and started up with more attacks.