When the Spanish arrived at the Americas prior to the English, the Spanish mainly wanted to explore this foreign land. The Monarchs who sponsored the Spanish expedition wanted one thing only, to get rich and so they tasked them with the job of collecting new and different varieties of plants and grains. Plants and grains that could be used for food and medicine. During this period of history, every superpower of Europe had the same agenda, to grow their economy and appear to be the strongest nation. It was
Spanish conquest tactics focused on expansion and increase of resources and wealth, yet Cortés diverged from the traditional conquest tactics. Utilizing senseless killing, plundering, and intimidation, the Spanish dominated and disrupted the Aztec way of life. In contrast, the Aztecs and other Mesoamerican states had not experienced this thirst and greed for land and thus were not sure of how to interact and respond to Cortés and his men. Cortés optimized his ability for profitable alliance by feigning alliance with both Totonacs and Moteuczoma. The Mesoamerican people were not used to dealing with such treachery and therefore were disadvantaged in their interchanges with the
I, Queen Isabel, dispatched Francisco Pizarro to Cajamarca to get King Charles and I riches and land. We had sent him and told him to take over whatever he can and acquire us land and riches to bring back. When he had reached Cajamarca he never intended to harm the Inca’s. Pizarro had just wanted the land, riches, and to convert them all to Christianity. Pizarro got charged with
Religion impacted these colonies more than colonies from the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic regions. Religious Freedom was the key role in the colonies. People were allowed to choose their own religion without the fear of being persecuted or tormented because they chose a different religion than that of the Church. The New England colonies were heavily impacted by religion during their development. Church officers had ran the Churches and the state, meaning that if you were a member of the Church you had power without a doubt.
During the year of 313 CE, Constantine met his contender Licinius at Milan to negotiate on the policies associated to the Christian community. The rationality that lied behind the agreement was to eliminate the persecutions that were being faced by the Christians since long ago and to abolish the strict practices against them . Thus, the agreement allowed the religious freedom to all religious, slightly favoring Christianity. The Edict of Milan was indeed a milestone in legitimizing Christianity as official religion of the state in the years to come. At the time of agreement Constantine was still a pagan but he did not reduce his efforts to popularize Christianity.
Religion influenced the government of the Puritans. They believed that they each had their own boundaries or power given by the Lord (Doc H). Puritans wanted the church and government to intertwine and aid one another, creating a stronger bond. In addition, the Puritan’s emphasis on religious conformity and the attainment of land for their model society led them to engage in wars with neighboring Indian tribes. For instance, William Bradford fought with Pequot tribe in the Pequot War, believing that God is the source of their victory and therefore praise him (Doc D).
His motivations were like those of most men in that time: God, Gold, and Glory. Columbus wanted to become rich by finding the spices that were in Asia and he also wanted to prove that Asia wasn’t really that far from Europe. He also wanted to spread Christianity through his journey. As well as his theory being proven correct, he also had many things to gain. In his journal it states, “[Your Highness] ordered me to proceed with a sufficient armament to the said regions of India, and for that purpose granted me great favors, and ennobled me that thenceforth I might call myself Don, and be High Admiral of the Sea, and perpetual Viceroy and Governor in all the islands and continents which I might discover and acquire, or which may hereafter he discovered and acquired in the ocean; and that this dignity should be inherited by my eldest son, and thus descend from degree to degree forever.” (Medieval Sourcebook: Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal, Paragraph 1) From this we can clearly see all he had to gain from this
However, Las Casas felt that the Natives should be treated equally, since he believed Jesus died for the Natives just like he died for the Europeans. He noted their sophisticated, very well-developed societies. When Europeans came into contact with Native Americans, they tried to spread Christianity and force Natives to convert to their religion. This is because people who sided with Sepúlveda felt that their religion was superior and wouldn’t ever fathom that they could adopt any of the Natives’ religions. Places in the “new world” that were under Spanish rule often were exceedingly religiously intolerant.
Unlike the French and the Dutch, the Spanish had seized the Indians’ lands, converted many Indians to Catholicism, and forced them to mine gold and farm large estates. What I find most intriguing though was the common practice of Spanish males marrying Native Americans females which the French and the Dutch did not practice in (this is also due to many Europeans believing that the Native Americans were beneath them) French colonial Strategies - French merchants created fur-trading colonies - Establish and conform religious communities that practiced Christianity - Establish profit by trading with the local natives The French while late comers to the New World had made two major impacts the French exploited existing inter-tribal alliances and rivalries to establish trade relationships with the Huron, Montagnais, and Algonquin’s along the St. Lawrence River and further inland toward the Great Lakes (Holmes). The French also introduced countless diseases that affected the Native
The missionaries were sent over here to spread their beliefs. They were Christian, so they were sent to the Americas to convert the natives to Christianity. I feel like that wouldn’t be their main priority. It was obviously important to them, but they needed the resources and land more than they needed their faith. This means that they were either merchants or explorers.