Economic Effects of the Columbian Exchange Inflation of cash-crops, slavery and silver resulting from the Columbian Exchange caused a drastic effect on the global economy. Cash-crops forged new trade routes across continents, slavery supported New World exports, and silver caused power shifts in the world 's distribution of wealth. As Spanish expeditions to the New World increased in size and purpose, the economic effects on the rest of the world spread with equal vigor. The triangular trade circulated commodities between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. From Europe some commodities were distributed throughout Asia.
During the pre-civil war time period— also known as the antebellum years— America experienced a widespread transformation for the sake of its economy. With the booming belief of the Manifest Destiny, America’s constant desire for westward expansion caused disputes between the North and the South regarding the establishment of free states and slave states, which led to certain compromises such as the Missouri Compromise. After the Market Revolution, the North and South used its new gained land to create different means of economic gains; the North became industrialized through manufacturing, while the South became an agricultural industry dependent on cotton. However, as America’s boundaries expanded, tensions between the North and South grew, often leading to compromises in bloodshed. The drastic differences between the two groups eventually transformed America into a divided nation of sectionalism economically, politically, and socially.
The Spanish colonies and the New England colonies were different in the resources the colonies collected in order to achieve economic success. The main source of economic gain in Central and South America was gold and silver because there was a plentiful amount of the resources in the Americas. As time went on and the gold and silver resources depleted, the Spanish turned to sugar plantations, which are large scale farms. New England made their money by trading away raw materials, such as timber, furs, and textiles like wool and cotton. Later New England made a large portion of their money from fishing.
Jefferson action was considered to be one of his greatest achievements of the third president. Afterward of the purchase has a great result on American society, doubled the size of previous US territory allow the westward expansion “Lewis and Clark expedition”. “The Lewis and Clark expedition” help America expand into different lands. They had full control over the Ports of New Orlean and the Mississippi River, which help the farmer ship their goods in a faster trading routes help the US commerce in their domestic policies.Originally, the constitution states nothing about the president power to be able to purchase land. However, Thomas Jefferson action of purchasing Louisiana allows the American society and its economy to flourish, without this action, the US wouldn't have become as
There are a few life-changing events that change the course of history. One of these such events was the Columbian Exchange which was the transfer of plants, animals, and people between the Americas and the Old World. This began when Columbus landed in America. This one event had many lasting effects, including the spread of diseases to the new world, enslavement of Africans for labor, and economic opportunity with the massive increase in silver. Columbus accidently started the Columbian exchange by discovering America while looking for economic opportunity.
“Voyages of Discovery” In the “Voyages of Discovery” section of “Beginnings to 1700,” Wayne Franklin portrays European efforts to hurriedly claim the lands of the New World. After the publication of Columbus’ letter to the Spanish monarchy that described the lavish riches of the West Indies, many Europeans began to take the voyage across the Atlantic to explore much of this new land. Franklin writes, “this second European wave quickly gathered momentum and extended itself far to the north and south of the Caribbean basin that Columbus explored” (8). After initial exploration, many European nations, predominately Spain, held an aggressive presence in the West Indies and claimed much of the “unclaimed” land: “Within fifty years of 1492, the
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
Some positive aspects were that the Spanish helped ‘modernize’ the civilization, they introduced them to domestic animals, sugar, grains and even European farming practices (Tucker). The evidence shows that the Spaniards had changed the Aztec Empire significantly and that has affected our world
The interactions of early Spanish explorers with the Indigenous people of the Americas contributed in a large way to later interactions between the two groups. Christopher Columbus and Hernan Cortès were two notable Spanish explorers who had early contact with the Mexica people as well as other native groups. Columbus initially set out to find an alternate sea route to India, and eventually arrived in the Caribbean and continued to explore over the years and came upon already established societies of Indigenous people. Columbus planned to bring them under Spanish rule after promising great wealth from this expedition to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. Cortès, a member of low ranking Spanish nobility was originally focused on exploiting the labour of the people of the Americas, until he decided to pursue the goal of conquest in the Americas.
Early colonization of North America can be categorized by three distinct groups: English French and Spanish. Between the years 1598 and 1763, all three of these groups settled into new territory in the hopes of gaining wealth and power. Each group had an approach to the problems faced in the New World. Factors such as native relations or religion played their role in shaping each colony. However, when the French decided to compromise with the Natives over land, their colonies failed; as opposed to the British and Spanish who exploited their Native populations and achieved successful settlements.
During the time period of 1450-1750, there were many changes as well as continuities in the economy of the Atlantic world form. One main change during this time was, the involvement of trading European firearms and other foods. This diversified the initial upbringing of the Atlantic world trade, which was different from its original usage of exporting slaves, gold, salt, and other goods. But this was both a positive and negative change for the economical status of the Europeans earnings increased, but negatively as well as there were more weapons used for violence. In relation, a continuity that occurred through this time was the use of the Atlantic world for the trade of African slaves.
A major factor that I had learned when perusing the articles in module two and chapter two was that in the Spanish conquest of America, labor had played a significant role to the Spaniards. Any of the gold that had been discovered in the Spanish conquest was proportioned to the monarchy, then leaders and administrators, and lastly the conquistadors. This had left the conquistadors with minuscule amounts gold and disappointed, in correspondence, the conquistadors were given encomiedas. The Spaniards had presumed they were superior to the Indians and had the right to possess them because they had been situated on the monarchs’ property. The Spaniards confronted the Native Americans with guns, germs, and steel.
The “American Revolution” and the arrival of the Europeans to the “New World” drastically changed the United States in a way like no other. These two historical events affected the lives of the Americans, Europeans, and Africans socially, economically, and politically. The introduction of the “New World” to the Europeans, in return, introduced new ideas and innovations to the rest of the world. After the “New World” became colonized, there were disagreements between the Colonists and the British government, which started off a histrionic moment in history known as the “American Revolution.” This revolution immensely changed the way the United States was controlled. In other words, these two memorable events made an extreme change in the United States, which without a doubt created an impact on the stability of the United States socially, politically, and economically.
Spain had become the richest country in Europe due to the discovering of gold and silver in the America’s. France wanted to gain European domination over Spain and went on a quest to top the wealth of the Spanish by finding unexplored territory the discovery more wealth. France knew that the country that was the wealthiest is the country that held the advantage of power. The French felt that their colonies to be as successful as it could there would have to be natural means of supplies also valuable resources that are not only important but useful to the people. When the French started to explore the America’s, they found value in natural raw materials, Fur Trade, Fisheries, whaling and most importantly Sugar.
Throughout history, there have been many changes pertaining to what is now called California. From Spain, Mexico, and the United States each country added their own ideas and culture blending them all the way. Once Mexico claimed this land from Spain they had to create their own identity. The Mexican government wanted to erase Spain’s influenced around the land. With the secularization of the missions it opened up many different avenues such as free trade, and colonies of immigrants they were not expecting.