The Capulli meant that most of the time one family would not own their own land, several families would own a certain amount of land, the families would each select leaders and a small government system would be established. This leadership would be responsible for opening the school for the kids to attend and make sure taxes were collected. The next system of Aztec government was the Nobility’s and the councils. Each Capulli had one main leader out of the leadership group and this person would form another group, the city council. The city councils held a lot of power in the Aztec government.
Sparta vs. Athens To begin with, Athens and Sparta were both famous in antiquity for their legend, cultures and the character of the people. On the one hand, the two poleis share certain obvious affinities, such as language, geographical scope, a common Greek ancestry etc. On the other hand, they were polar opposites in many aspects, from social spheres, political structures, to military might, which I believe there are some hidden depths in these city-states. Hence, let’s look at how did their people obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community, and who held public office first. As various studies suggested, ancient Athens pursued permissiveness and democracy, which its form of government was the antecedent of nowadays 'rule by the people '.
Before this act, most public officials didn’t receive a salary, and only the most wealthy citizens could become an official. Now, the poor and the unwealthy may serve as an official if they were to be elected. Because there were many newly added public officials, Athens had more citizens participating in their government. This improvement made Athens on the greatest democratic
According to Cartwright (2013), the ancient Greeks were particularly struggling to decide what forms of political system was right for them: who should be in charge and how the population should be led? Should they be led by a single powerful entity such as kings or should they be directed by a handful of wealth people such as aristocrats or should the entire political power lay into hands of the people itself? Since ancient Greece was the territory composed of more than 1500 poleis which is the Greece word for city state, each city states took on different forms of political structures acting like its own country. In this essay, I am going to explore the Ancient Greek poleis’ different forms of government: monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny,
What are two Greek city-states that you know? I know two popular city-states of Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens are known as city-state with many contrasting beliefs. Sparta was a strict military society while Athens was a free democracy. Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it.
Most of the Ancient Greek city-states practice democracy as their system of government although only Athens is well-known for it democracy. In Athens, the Assembly could meet at least once a month or even two to three times a month. Any male citizen of age 18 or above could speak and vote in the Assembly. Their voting system was simply a show of hands. Those who attended the Assembly could even get some pay which was a kind of motivation to lure more citizens to participate.
An example of this is in the city-state of Athens where only the wealthiest can hold powerful positions in government. An Example of this in in Sparta was with the elders you had to be an aristocrat and of a certain age to have power over the people (Brand, P. J. Athens & Sparta: Democracy vs. Dictatorship). Tyranny is a form of rule that is
Five hundred names were drawn from a pool of all names of Athens citizens and those people could have a chance to make new laws and change old laws, then all citizens of Athens needed to vote for those laws. Although Ancient Greece performed democracy, it was not completely democracy. The limitations of gender, nationality and social classes made only a very small minority of people living in Ancient Greece enjoy equal rights. However, it was still the closest civilization and come to establishing democracy and the most open civilization had accepted the ideas of democracy. The form of government of my civilization, Pecunia, was very similar to the form of government practiced in Ancient Greece.
Athens and Sparta shared many common values and views but also had their differences. They were both city-states which is a city and its surrounding villages functioning as an independent political unit. Athens and Sparta were city-States over empires because of all of the mountains in Greece that separated the land and they acted as a modern day state would. For example, one city-state would have different views and government than a city-state on the other side of a mountain. Athens and Sparta had similar values and views on how to treat people, but had differed views on education and government.
There was also a legislative council that was referred to as ‘Boule’ that comprised of 500 councilors. “500 councilors were chosen each year, 50 from each tribe drawn from every part of Attica.”(Brand, 2010:19) Another group who was not allowed to serve politically but only economically was the Metics. They were free foreigners or “resident aliens” as Brand put it. How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? Both Athens and Sparta required political contributors to be male, citizens and free.