Then the Athenians drove the tyrants out with the leadership of Cleisthenes and Isidoros. Cliesthenes brought democracy to Athens. They had a direct democracy where all citizens vote on laws. They also had public debates along with voting. Cliesthenes created a law that prevented anyone from having too much power.
Unlike Athenian women who were taught simple housewives roles such as, taking care of the children, cooking and raised to be housewives who were very dependent on the men in the house. Spartan women were raised and lived in an environment where Men were treated equally on the battlefield. Women worked hard alongside the men to prove they were just as hardworking and dedicated to Spartan society. Spartan Women would disown their children if they were cowards in battle, Plutarch was quoted talking about Damatria, a Spartan mother who had found out about her son’s cowardly actions and decided to deal with that herself “Damatria heard that her son had been a coward and unworthy of her, and when he arrived, she made away with him” (Plut. Lacae.
It became increasingly known across Greece that Athens’ only goal was to help themselves and to further the glory of Athens. Even allies of Athens began to disagree with Athenian rule. The harsh methods employed to maintain Athenian supremacy aroused the increasing resistance of the allies (Fliess 1961). The strong Greek city-states that were aligned with Sparta included Thebes, Corinth, and Elis. As the Peloponnesian War endured, it became clear that power in Greece was shifting away from Athens and towards the
The biggest difference though was the aspect of military culture, military life was an extremely important aspect of life in Sparta, it was their life and they grew up understanding that from a very early age, “training began at the age of seven, and Spartan men remained on active duty until they reached the age of 60—this at a time when the 5 average life expectancy was only 35. Spartan men could expect to be soldiers for almost their entire lives and would likely die as soldiers” (Brand,
They were fierce, strong, fearless warriors that defended their city state with all their will. Spartans were brought up to be warriors, they started their training from early on in childhood and at the age of 20 they joined the army until they were 60. Spartan warriors that returned from battle were held highly on the social pyramid. It is said that everyone looked up to them, for example when a returning soldier entered a dining pavillion anyone male or women would give up their chair for them. This sense of patriotism lead them to very defensive of their home and
The Athenian and the Spartan civilizations were very unique and different but the people shared many similar ideas. The Athenians believed that their government was original and that everyone should participate directly in government. On the other hand, the Spartans believed that every man should train for the military. Both the Spartans and Athenians believed in an equal society where the members were devoted to the polis. During this time, Athens supported a democracy.
“Education was very important in Athens. From their mothers, girls learned how to cook and sew and run a home, and how to be a good wife and mother. Boys went to school. They studied public speaking and drama and reading and writing. Sons of nobles went to high school for four more years of learning about the sciences and the arts and politics and government.” (Doc B) Due to the fact that Athens taught women basic domestic skills this allowed men to focus on the advancement of the economic climate, such as trade on the Aegean Sea because they didn’t need to worry about their homes.
Another reason would be that, At age 7 spartan began their military training. In sparta the purpose of education was to produce capability for men and woman to go to war or fighting. This supports my reading because, I would not want to spend my life as a kid in a military base, and not live a happy childhood. Also the leaders were not easy on the kids, and may have worked to hard being a kid and
Creon cannot be the protagonist because his intentions were for the order and safety of Thebes. Thebes just lost both of its kings and needed a new ruler that could stabilize the city, keeping it safe from neighboring attacks. Although Creon might not have been the rightful heir to the throne, he is the best fit character to rule Thebes. Creon steps in because there no longer is a rightful heir to the throne in the blood line. Creon had many reason too next in line to rule Thebes.
The ancient powerhouse of Greece, Sparta, was a city-state that was based around military. They were known for many reasons and continue to influence history today. The Spartans reached the top of their run of success after defeating the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C). The ideals and morals of the Spartans were based upon loyalty to the military and the entire city-state. Many scholars idolize the Spartans because of the rights that women held and their place in society.