Ancient Greece is a land of many city-states, called polies. Each polis had its own government, laws, rules and customs. The two city-states didn’t have many things in common, such as their religion and language. As a rule the city state, did not get along. They were always in a war against each other.
Sparta Vs. Athens Sparta was a militaristic and warrior city in ancient Greece, it was focused on loyalty on the military service and the state. The people of Sparta were also known for their strengths that were built by them at a very young age. At the age of seven, Spartan boys began education and military service training that was supported by the state. Though Spartan women were not serving the military, they still were educated and got to have more status and freedom, and rights than the rest of the Greek women.
The ancient powerhouse of Greece, Sparta, was a city-state that was based around military. They were known for many reasons and continue to influence history today. The Spartans reached the top of their run of success after defeating the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C). The ideals and morals of the Spartans were based upon loyalty to the military and the entire city-state. Many scholars idolize the Spartans because of the rights that women held and their place in society.
Spartan Women were encouraged to become intellectual and strong, they were able to marry and create their families at a much later point in their life, and finally the Spartan women was in way more control of her household, herself, as well as her husband than any other greek women was in history. They were not looked at as second class citizens, their opinions were valued and the woman herself was respected. To put it as simply as possible these ladies were pretty kick ass. Not only were Spartan women beautiful they were also encouraged to broaden their intellectual endeavors. Young girls were given a public education!
Sparta was a civilization in ancient Greece that grew in power when defeating the neighboring city-state, Athens, in the Peloponnesian war. Sparta is made up of a warrior society meaning the values were centered on loyalty to the state and military. During the Archaic Age, Sparta and Athens became dominate polis, although both cultures are opposing. The Spartan people were very militaristic and expansionists; they believed the strength in their city-state come from the strength of not only their foundation but from their people. Every male born was expected to become a strong warrior to one day grow up and defend their home; while the woman stayed and took care of the land.
In ancient times, there is a general sense that women were simply items and slaves to their husbands. Ancient Greece specifically has a renowned reputation of favoring men. Men possessed the dominant role in public affairs and events while most women were pressured to stay at home. Very few records extensively discuss women; the records focus mostly on men. Despite the lacking records, it is certain how ancient Greeks viewed their women and their relationships with their male counterparts.
Women have been both compared to a “briskly hog”(Semonides, 550 BCE) and a powerful being in the Greek city-states. The only difference is that it was in different city-states. In Athens women were viewed as useless, besides the fact they could produce the next generation. In Sparta women were viewed as helpful and powerful. The treatment of women in Athens was horrific, harsh, and awful, unlike the treatment of women in Sparta which was fair, and sometimes even favored.
Daily life in Sparta for its citizens varies based on age and gender. The same is the case for Athenians, but with the additional factor of citizenship. The daily lives of non-citizens and slaves (including non-citizen slaves) are beyond the scope of this report, but in both Sparta and Athens, I will assert that the were cut a very raw deal. Daily Life for Children: Young Spartan boys lived together, apart from their families, and training and studying rigorously throughout the day in preparation for the military. Until the age of seventeen, a Spartan boy would be studying some practical arts, like reading, writing, dancing, and singing to supplement his tough, Spartan (for lack of a better word) upbringing.
.Introduction Athens and Sparta were two major city-states in old Greek. We review their governance and compare them for their similarities and differences. How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community?