Thus the important thing in speaking skill for students is in order to make them speak forthrightly and confidently with their classmates through rehearsing their English conversation frequently. thus that they are not clumsy to practiced gradually. When students tend assume want to successfulness of mastering foreign language is by communicating the language, in other words by speaking it out. Litlewood (2009) speaking ability is the first implementation of foreign language learning students of language learning supposed that to be able of communicating the language. Those students of foreign language learning should be able to implement the knowledge of language into its real performance.
Speaking is one of four important skills that have to be mastered by students in learning English. Speaking is important for some reasons. First, it helps students to be active learners because they have something to speak. In other words, speaking avoids them to be passive learners. Second, speaking can help students to interact and communicate with others.
2.1. Speaking Among the four language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing), speaking is considered the most imperative one. Competency of speaking skill is referred to as knowing the foreign language; that is why the majority of foreign language learners are keen on initially learning to speak (Ur, 2006). According to Brown
Language as a communication tool in order to fulfill human nature as social beings that need to interact with others. In line with the development of science and technology, people are required to have good language skills. Someone who has the adequate language skills would be easier to absorb and convey information both orally and in writing. Language skills consist of four aspects, namely listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students must master the four aspects to having a good acquisition of the language.
Richards and Rodgers (2001) states that reading and writing are the essential skills to be focused on however, little or no attention is paid to the skill of speaking and listening. The importance of speaking is more revealed with the integration of the other language skills. For instance, speaking can help students to develop their vocabulary and grammar and then improving their writing skill. With speaking, learners can express their personal feeling, opinions or ideas; tell stories; inform or explain; request; converse and discuss, i.e. through speaking, we can display the different functions of language.
Everyone needs to learn the English language in order to get in touch on an international level. Speaking English helps us to communicate with people from countries all over the world as it is the language of politics and diplomacy, science and technology, business and trade. In fact, as it is so dominant in international communication, we find more information regarding nearly every subject if we can speak this language. Communication requires integration of all language skills: speaking, listening, reading and writing, of which listening is of primary importance as it is one of the fundamental skills in language acquisition. It's no wonder that in recent years the language teaching profession has placed a concentrated emphasis on listening, as it is considered to be a major component in language learning and teaching.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
grammar and the vocabulary and a set of idioms and expressions but speaking skill is also important. The emphasis is not on whether person is grammatically correct or not but on the use of language to communicate in the target language situation. Developing the communicative competence is very essential to communicate at national and international levels. English is regarded as a vehicular language and used for the purposes of academic advancement, profession advancement, and traveling abroad etc (Davies, 2007). However, speaking skill is widely neglected in our class rooms because speaking skills are hard to practice and assess.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Language is a way of expressing ideas and gives us the extraordinary ability to describe the contents of our thoughts. Familiarity with ways that help us to learn a language is very important. In the process of learning a Language many skills work together to create a link between a speaker and interlocutors. These skills generally taught and assessed in terms of the ‘four basic language skills, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing. All language learners will need to develop their skills in each of these sections.