Special Education In Turkey

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Historical Development of Special Education and Legislations which are about special education in Turkey Turkey is a peninsula which is located in two different continents that are southwestern Asia and southeastern Europe. Because of its location it has a wide range of neighbors from different parts of the world like Greece and Iran. Besides its location, due to some historical events its population includes different nations like Arabs, Caucasians, Kurds, Armenians, Jews and Greeks but main population is constituted by Turks. Turkey population is predicted at 75.8 million, currently and this population includes people with disabilities proportion in the whole population is 12.29 %. (Fırat, 2010) Education for people with disabilities…show more content…
Then in 1983 another comprehensive legislation about early intervention for the children with special needs was issued. In this law, definitions and principles about special education and assessment and placement for children with special needs are clearly examined. However, in 1985 due to the some difficulties those were confronted in real educational settings another law was needed and in this law the right to educate in mainstream classes for children with disabilities was examined when there are no particular special classes in their schools. In a general instruction in 1987, it was stated that children with special needs should benefit from pre-schools services in the special schools and parents who have these children should get services from counseling centers. In 1988, it was examined that counselors and special educators from RAM should support these children in their schools, they should follow their improvement and they should give educational conferences about the process to the family and the teachers of these students. In 1991 the decisions of national education council stated that inclusive education should be generalized and children with special needs should get an individualized education program in this process. Then in 2005, the “handicapped policy” was accepted…show more content…
For instance there is an intervention which is called “support classes”. In these classes children who educated inclusively in the mainstream classes have a chance to improve their academic skills besides their normal lectures. In addition, there are some private institutions- which also include academicians from some universities-and they also support inclusive education by giving conferences or lectures about inclusion system and right to educate in inclusive education to inform parents who have children with disability and parents who have “normal” children. (Batu,

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