Through this knowledge, the teacher can presume how children of a particular age group will act, what they are capable of doing and what they are not likely able to do. Consequently, the teacher can devise activities rather confidently by taking all these aspects into consideration. At this stage, the teacher can take advantage of the windows of opportunity for the child’s growth. In other words, the teacher benefits from the sensitive period of a child’s development to provide him with enriching activities; the best period for the child to learn and develop further. In addition, what the children learn should be relevant to their environment and life experiences.
Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5). Allowing children to learn to think critically helps them to solve problems and have a logical argument about something they believe is true. Applying critical thinking into schools gives a child a chance to make a difference. Also, Elizabeth McKinstry agrees with Hummell in challenging the next generation to think for themselves. McKinstry writes about how Common Core education helps children become more interactive in the world and teaches them how to apply the knowledge they have learned in life.
Without observation, overall planning would simply be based on what we felt was important, fun or interesting (or all three) but it might not necessarily meet the needs of the children and young people in our care. Carrying out regular observations is vital because it ensures that we put the pupils at the centre of our practice. Through observations we can discover if a child or young person has developed new skills, their likes and dislikes, strengths and weaknesses as well as their understanding of what they are expected to do. Observation helps us assess pupils progress; we can find out about the specific care and learning needs of each child. We can then plan the next steps in children’s
Educators are observers and designers who have to observe children’s abilities, interests and learning styles for designing a curriculum that fulfill everyone’s needs. Observers also play an important role on noticing individual differences and offering help to children who have lower ability to improve
Wright outlines a fair discussion about critical thinking intending to guide the teacher to help children to ‘think through situations where the answer is in doubt’ (2002, p.9). Throughout this chapter Wright pioneers critical thinking has a ‘practical value’ for social education, that it could help children grasp subject content in a profound and meaningful way. Examples of how to teach critical thinking are included throughout this chapter however, the lessons overlook other views of critical thinking as a process of developing skills and sub-skills. Wright (2011) generalises that critical thinking involves questioning from the higher end of the cognitive domain according to Blooms Taxonomy; ‘analyses, synthesis and evaluation’ (2002, p51).
PERSONALISATION What is personalisation? The key features or components of personalisation are described as high quality teaching and learning, target setting and tracking, focused assessment, intervention, pupil grouping, the learning environment, curriculum organisation, the extended curriculum, and supporting children’s wider needs. The principle behind personalisation is that every child is different, more so, children with SEN. therefore recognizing that they are different and designing the general curriculum to fit each child learning styles, and when they best learn, helping them to achieve their highest potential and standards possible is personalization. The curriculum and targets are built around a child as an individual not a group.
Explain the relationship between disability and special educational needs. Explain the nature of the particular disabilities and/or special educational needs of children and young people with whom they work. Explain the special provision required by children and young people with whom they work. Explain the expected pattern of development for disabled children and young people and those with special educational needs with whom they work People often confuse Disability for Special Educational needs and the Special Educational needs for a Disability. This is not the case, although there can be an overlap between the two they are not the same thing.
Working with special needs children of varies ages, the need for joint attention is vital. A student needs to be able to seek out a person to deliver a message and not just announce to the world their need. This article brings social reinforcement, eye contact, and interaction into the world of the student. Autistic students do not always make this connect and the article helps teach society one way to introduce this skill. The earlier this skill is introduced, the more progress a student can make during their developmental
If we are unable to communicate with the parents then this could have an impact on the child’s development and lead to the child’s issues progressing and getting worse. Strong positive relationships within the school environment and with parents is very beneficial to children. It helps to model effective communication and set a good example of appropriate behaviour towards others which in turn helps the children to recognise boundaries and what is acceptable when communicating with their peers and adults. Plus building a strong, trusting relationship with the children and young people makes them feel valued and helps provide a more effective learning environment and helps build their confidence with communicating as they progress through their lives. If there is a communication breakdown between any relationship and we do not treat each other with mutual respect then this can lead to situations becoming out of control and misunderstandings that can lead to bad feelings within the workplace as well as the children witnessing incorrect behaviour and then imitating
In this stage, children start to learn through making things up and their imagination. Children in this stage should begin to use language more effectively than the children in stage 1, however there are still some children that struggle with this concept. In this stage children have egocentric thinking, which is not being capable of understanding things from another perspective. The third stage, the Concrete Operational Stage occurs from age 7 to 11 years. Children in this stage start developing logical thinking skills.