Speech And Language Assessment

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Speech and language development is considered as a useful indicator of a child’s overall development and cognitive ability by researchers and is related to school success. Speech and Language disorders are the most commonly seen in childhood disabilities and affect about 1 in 12 children or 5% to 8% of preschool children (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force 2006). Indian Census 2011 reported out of the 121 Crore population, about 2.68 Crore persons are ‘disabled’. Speech and Hearing disorder reported nearly 26 % of total disabled population in India by NSSO (2011).Speech and Language disorder in the developmental period causes significant behavioural
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Methodology :
Research Design of survey type was used in the study. Procedure of administration:
The test was presented in a quiet room with minimum or no visual and audible distractions. Adequate lighting conditions in the test room to facilitate good visibility of picture plates.
Tool construction:
The first phase of the study is item selection and familiarity check.
Test construction: This test evaluates language abilities in terms of reception, production, and word understanding. Target word has been kept in such a way that covers most of the frequent occurring phonemes of language (Bagwat 1987). Production skill was only tested at the Initial position of the words. The test contains total 34 test items for evaluation of language and speech ability of children. Same set of words are used for evaluating language abilities and for measuring speech production skills. Last part of the test contains the three-point rating scale consists of child 's voice quality, speech fluency, and resonance. Responses are scored as 1 for correct response and scored as 0 for wrong
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In the field testing, 42 children were recruited of age range 3-6 with the mean age of 4.56. The group was further divided into the three sub-groups that is 3-4years, 4-5 years, 5-6 years. The normative score was obtained in each age group.In typical group 3-4 years, obtained score was significantly lower than other groups. Validation group that is 12 children out of which 6 children were having misarticulation, 1 cleft lip and palate, 1 stuttering, and 4 children with delayed speech and language. The screening tool correctly discriminated high probability area of disorder i.e. language disorder, articulation, and voice disorders.The test-retest reliability ranged from 0.68 for language disorder section,0.76 for articulation disorder section, and 0.65 for other disorders(used

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