The USPIS is currently staffed by over 1.400 Postal Inspectors who have authority to investigate any matter involving the security and integrity of the U.S. Postal Service (Chief Postal Inspector, n.d). Inspectors often work with other agencies to investigate and prosecute those who commit crimes against the USPIS including local law enforcement. In fact, postal employees are instructed to first notify local law enforcement when a postal crime has occurred since the local police can respond more quickly (A Law Enforcement Guide to the U.S. Postal Inspection Service, 2006).
By means of telescreens and hidden microphones across the city, the Party is able to monitor its members almost all of the time. Surveillance controls the citizenry and the smallest sign of rebellion, even something so small as a facial expression, can result in immediate arrest and imprisonment. Thus, citizens, particularly party members, are compelled to obedience. Similar violation of the privacy can be found in North Korea too. The security apparatus is very extensive, exerting strict control over residence, travel, employment, clothing, food and family life.
Besides surveillance, the telescreens serve another purpose: they perpetuate propaganda. The fictional book, The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism, explains, “Every citizen... could be kept for twenty-four hours a day under the eyes of the police and in the sound of official propaganda, with all other channel of communication closed. The possibility of enforcing not only complete obedience to the will of the State, but complete uniformity of opinion on all subjects, now existed for the first time” (206). These two applications of telescreens, espionage and propaganda, force conformity among the masses by eliminating individual tendencies and unifying everybody under common media. This abolishment of individuality through telescreens, demonstrates humanity’s potential for
For the record, a sworn officer is any officer who has taken an oath to serve and protect, and who has the right and means to arrest criminals. In smaller towns and provinces, the patrol force is typically the entire department. These Patrol officers must stay alert and ready for any situations that they may encounter on the dangerous streets that they are in charge of maintaining. Television is the main reason that a patrol officer’s role is often misinterpreted. It often shows officers rushing from scene to scene, catching bad guys and locking them away just as fast as they possibly can.
Firearm retailers are required by federal law to do background checks on anyone trying to purchase a firearm. “The National Instant Criminal Background Check System, or NICS, is all about saving lives and protecting people from harm by not letting guns fall into the wrong hands. It also ensures the timely transfer of firearms to eligible gun buyers.” (The
This rule is of common law origin and can be visible in the Federal Rules of Evidence, S606(b) following which many similar versions have been adopted in many U.S. states and Canada. This is usually practiced to keep the jurors from being harrowed and for the victims can be reassured anonymity which would be breached if vital minute details of the case while deliberation are disclosed to the public in general. The non-disclosure on the other hand was questioned in the case of Eric Garner, which was a case in New York where charges were brought about against a police officer for chokehold death of the victim. The attorneys had requested for a complete public accounting of the case to be disclosed. Disclosure was opposed by the district attorney on the grounds that it would have a “chilling effect” on the witnesses, who are promised anonymity and also pressure on the prosecutor would pile up for pressure from public to deliver a certain result if secrecy was no longer sacrosanct.
Police records are public records that provide information about a person’s criminal behavior. Every citizen has the right to access public police records and read information about someone’s criminal history, including details from the police report, jail bookings and mugshot information for criminals under arrest. The criminal history report is an invaluable tool that serves as proof of someone’s trustworthiness and is therefore used at employment, for rental contracts, licensing and certification, and similar situations where the person needs to submit a police record copy to support personal character. Although many actions undertaken by the police officers in the community are recorded at the police logs, not all information is public.
Stop and search is one of the powers available to police officers and it is present in different acts, the most known is the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. Under PACE section 1, “a police constable can stop and search a person if he has reasonable grounds to suspect that a person is in possession of stolen or prohibited articles” (Bowling and Phillips, 2007); the authors continue by adding that suspicion must be based on facts, information, intelligence, and it must be objective. Before PACE 1984, different powers of stop and search were incorporated within local and national legislation (Brown, 1997 cited by Miller, 2010), one was the Vagrancy Act 1824 (The Police Foundation, 2012), known as the “sus” law which allowed police officers to stop and search individuals who were about to commit a felony (Whitfield, 2009). The greatest use was in London and in other specific cities and towns. Where stop and search did not exist, police used “ways and means act” to obtain consent from those they wished to stop and search (Whitfield, 2009).
A shooting here; a shooting there; a consistent day to day event heard all over the mass media. Regardless of whether the shootings are intentional or unintentional; they are occurring all over the United States. In today’s society, gun control is essential; stricter federal laws must be enacted to save lives. Individual states’ laws are not sufficient to reduce deaths caused by guns. In today 's society, weapon brutality is a sparking debate and controversy on how to control gun violence.
In absence to definitive proof, eyewitnesses’ accounts often act as vital evidence to the police and judges in their decision to prosecute a suspect. Eyewitnesses’ memories which constitute knowledge of the crime could be distorted or forgotten if is not retrieved at the right time and with appropriate methods (Stelfox, 2012: 90). As much as the