This objective was met in 2010 however; certain countries and regions are still struggling. The Population Reference Bureau states that there are 1.2 billion people living in extreme poverty who “survive” on less than $1.25 a day, with a disproportionate amount living in Asia and Africa. In addition the rates of extreme poverty dropped dramatically in China as well as India, the size of their respective populations are indicative of these countries being two of the top five countries that share in the extreme poor. (Population Reference Bureau
Representative Danny Davis of Illinois, Barbara Lee of California, Lucille Roybal-Allard of California, and Gerald Connolly of Virginia introduced legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives to decimate childhood poverty over the next decade if passed. Representative Davis, a member of the Committee on Ways and Means, highlights: “of all the people living in poverty in this country in 2013, 32 percent of them were children, yet children only compromise 23 percent of the total population” (Davis gov). Additionally, Representative Roybal-Allard resonates the priority behind that it will “help us pinpoint and push for evidence-based policies to prevent future generations of American youth from having to face the wrenching hunger, fear, and despair of poverty.” Furthermore, Representative Connolly specifies how “children who grow up in poverty experience greater health and emotional problems as well as poorer academic and economic success compared to their more affluent peers” (Connolly gov). Lastly, H.R. 3381 Child Poverty Reduction Act of 2017 will tackle the “nearly one in five American children and one in three black and Latino children who live in poverty” (Rep. Barbara Lee).
Poor education is also a major cause. Because of overpopulation, high unemployment rate increases and this makes it difficult for a country to have a successful economy. Another cause is natural disasters which impacts the country’s economy and makes it harder to repair damages. Poorer countries should be supported by organisations like The World Bank, where they supply loans to other countries. If organisations continued to help poorer countries, then poverty could be slowly eradicated.
Target 2: The hunger reduction target should be almost met by 2015. Globally, about 842 million people are estimated to be undernourished. More than 99 million children under age five are still undernourished and underweight Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Target 3:
Enrolment in primary education in developing regions reached 90 per cent in 2011, up from 82 per cent in 1999, which means more children than ever are attending primary school. But even as countries with the toughest challenges have advanced, progress on primary school enrolment has slowed since 2004, dimming hopes for achieving universal primary education by 2015. Across 63 developing countries, girls were more likely to be out of school than boys among both primary and lower secondary age groups. The gender gap in school attendance widens in lower secondary education, even for girls living in better-off households. MDG3 This the overarching gender equality goal, which encompasses parity in education, political participation, and economic empowerment Target: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 Indicators: These include the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector and the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.
LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 PREVALENCE OF DIABETES Diabetes is now the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in world. It is estimated that 382 million people are living with diabetes in the world, which is estimated 8.5% of the world’s population. Further 175 million people are still undiagnosed with their type 2 diabetes. According to the world health organization that this burden would increase nearly double in the next 25 years. With reference to the international diabetic federation the top 5 worst affected countries are China, UK, Russia, India and Brazil.
Although child labour has received considerable attention through the intervention and pressure from the international and national institutions with their frameworks and policies to reduce or eradicate the issue, the problem still exists as the underlying causes are not recognized. In Asia, the underlying causes of increasing child labour market is correlated to the level of income in the society and as well poverty (ILO 2004, 80). It is also crucial to understand that the driving factors of child labour often lies in the household decision-making process, the constraints that families are facing, etc. (Betcherman et al. 2004, 2-3).
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