Also, a document from the average citizen points of view would be helpful to determine the economic effects of the modern Olympic games. The modern Olympic movement of 1892 to 2002 was shaped by numerous factors. Overall key factors that contributed to the current Olympic games were the rising influence of women, the nationalist rivalry between countries and the economic
DWELLING THE GLASS HOUSE Phillip Johnson, argued about the importance of the aesthetic side of architecture all through his life. He even claimed that he had no interest in buildings except as works of art (Goldberger 2005). Kevin Melchionne (1998:191) cites Stanley Abercrombie to argue that: “We can live happily with art- some cannot live happily without it- but we cannot live in art or even in a [white cube]” Melchionne (1998:191) understands that we cannot live happily in interiors that are designed entirely for the “aesthetic” sake. Therefore, these spaces lack of any consideration about the way to inhabit them, of livability. In this manner, the Glass House, was built devoted to aesthetics and was conceived as a work of environmental art.
However, Gothic architecture led a way to avoid those unpleasant problems and created light, pleasant and airy buildings. Before Gothic, architecture was functional-clearly defined structures that express their purpose; after gothic, architecture was not only functional but also beautiful. In the times before gothic architecture, Early Medieval architects struggled to spread the weight of heavy stone walls. This meant that most towers needed to be short, and buildings were thinner; otherwise, the sheer weight of higher levels (or large rooms and halls) would collapse into themselves. (此处应有一例子) One of the fundamental characteristics of gothic architecture was its height.
He encourages the reader to free oneself from official or commercial architecture which are influenced by the prejudice towards the late phases in architecture which are only concerned with a few selected cultures and turn a blind eye to underdeveloped countries and their alien architecture. He praises primitive architecture for its timelessness and its ability to serve its purpose to perfection with no room for improvement and regrets that the origin of these indigenous building forms and construction methods is lost in the past. Rudofsky then introduces Communal Architecture, ‘ art not produced by a few intellectuals or specialists but by the spontaneous and continuing activity of a whole people with a common heritage, acting under a community experience.’ The beauty of primitive architecture is often dismissed as accidental, but today we should recognize it as an art that developed from human intellect that was applied to handling practical issues and our problems are rooted in our tendency to accredit specialists who may have exceptional insight but are largely concerned with business and prestige. He challenges his readers on a fundamental level and exposes alternate and endangered forms of urban development, lifestyle, social spaces and practicality which we have not learnt from. He
Overwhelming Greed in the Olympics With millions of dollars at stake hosting the Olympic Games, the bidding to be selected has never seen such a large pool of countries. Big and even small countries alike both have the chance to rake in a bountiful profit by hosting the two-week long sports extravaganza. However, the chance to host the games is being damaged by greed because International Olympic Committee (IOC) members expect bribes, local Olympic Bid Committee members cannot seem to resist the temptation to provide them and in the end the Olympic Games are corrupted. The Olympic Games are an outstanding sporting event that has brought people and countries together since it was reborn in 1896, with what we call the modern Olympic Games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French aristocrat who is the founder of the International Olympic Committee and considered the father of the modern Olympic Games, once said, “The important thing at the Olympic Games is not to win but to take
Each building was a unique design in itself, an original work of art that fulfilled the specific needs of the client, and the community it was a part of. 4. They were carefully integrated with their surroundings, both through their use of site-sensitive design and natural materials (so as to blend in with the hilly, evergreen setting) and by bringing the outdoors indoors, through devices as large expanses of glass, balconies and decks to allow sunlight, natural scents and breezes from outside to flow through the interiors
Cities around the world bid millions for the chance of hosting the world’s greatest athletic event: the Olympic Games. Tokyo, Japan spent $150 million to bid for its spot as the 2016 Summer Olympics host, but it ended up losing that bid and the millions of dollars (McBride 5). When Boston had the chance to bid for the 2024 Olympics, many Bostonians were protesting against the Olympics in Boston (Gregory 2). Their anger stems from the negative effects the Olympics bring to its host city. In Montreal, the Olympics inundated the city a $1.5 billion debt (McBride 3).
Most people look back in time to see old architecture, and admire the beauty of the older buildings. These buildings are stunning, but what makes them so beautiful? Most Architectural styles follow certain characteristics of their time, and amplify them at a much larger scale. We can see this at almost every single style in history. The gothic style is not the exception.
Architecture has the ability to remark and reflect any region, give a feeling and a sense of a place, and present thoughts and creativity. Across the world, especially in the United States, there are many cities that are distinguished by its architecture and unique styles: The skyline of New York City is defined by it’s skyscrapers; San Francisco’s mixture of Victorian and modern colored houses; New Orleans’ iconic Creole townhouses; and Miami’s modernist architecture. Los Angeles, San Diego and some of the cities in the same region are no different from the previous appreciable cities all around America. These cities are located in the state of California which is on the West Coast. They share some significant architectural characteristics
Architects are inspired by the world around them. Choose a city that you find inspiring and that has a strong creative community. Remember that you will spend your free time in this city — sitting in its parks, drinking in its pubs, absorbing its atmosphere. Location, location, location. Studio Space Next to location, this is the most important of all the criteria.