3 Identify the Major Changes in the External Context Maritime Logistics is affected by external contexts and for the coal segment, the most important external context that influences changes and developments in the maritime logistics is by far the environmental aspect. Coal is largely available and therefore significantly cheaper than other sources of energy. The counter side, however, is that it is extremely pollutive not only for its emissions but for the waste (ash) that it generates. Because there is an increasing aim to minimize emissions and greenhouse effect, all the other external events that have an impact on the maritime logistics of coal such as economic, policy, regulations and technologies are driven by the environmental aspect.
Economic depressions of those years; made recycling a necessity because people to survive, as they couldn 't afford new goods. In the 40s of 20th century, goods such as rubber and many metals were rationed and recycled to help support the war needs. 1960s and 1970s (Grabianowski, 2011): In the 70s an environmental movement indicated by the first Earth Day the recycling once again became a conventional idea. However recycling suffered from unaccepting years due to public acceptance and the market for recycled goods not growing which it grew year by year to make it finally become a well-accepted and serious matter to care about. 21st Century: Recycling is now one of the most accepted and cared about event globally, as every member of the society has concluded its necessity and importance to the environment which will be as a return to our health.
Photodegradation does work to get rid of the plastic, but it takes an extremely long time to work which usually leads to the incineration of plastic bags or the collection of them in landfills (“What Is Plastic Photodegradation?”). Americans alone use nearly 100 billion plastic bags a year and contribute greatly to the amount of plastic pollution in the environment (“Single-Use Plastic Bag Facts”). If stores were to impose a 5-cent charge on the plastic bags, then there would be a decrease in the amount of them brought into the environment. This decrease in plastic bags over time could help towards decreasing the amount of pollution affecting the environment. It has been reported that up to 80% of the pollution from landfills ends up in the ocean affecting nearly 267 different
at the beginning of shale oil revolution in mid-2014, oil prices were around 100-110 USD and the shale oil producing companies was taking advantage as a result of the heavy demand for this type of oil, and in return was the conventional oil exporting countries, particularly OPEC producing same levels of oil which resulted in excess of supply over demand in the oil market. Then the oil prices began to drop gradually until it reached to low levels to below 50 USD a barrel, which form a major threat to shale oil production companies because of the high production cost along with low prices for oil, which led to a decline of shale oil production as well as the exit of some companies from the oil market as a result of losses. On the other hand, the conventional oil producing countries were not affected too much since the cost of conventional oil production is less than 10 USD a barrel which some countries such as Saudi Arabia was able to live with. It can be seen that the oil producing companies which use hydraulic fracturing technique are significantly affected by the fluctuation of oil prices and therefore the profit margin of these companies is very low. And that's why the conventional oil drilling gives higher profit margins to the companies that invest in it than the hydraulic
My choice is influenced by the fact that the world’s population is significantly increasing every single day. As such, it is important that there would be strategies and solutions to be undertaken for the environment to be preserved in many ways possible. Details of the Problem Human population plays a vital role in sustaining the earth 's vast resources. The way they live, consume resources, and inhabit places on the earth directly affect the environment (PRB, n.d.). Considerably, it cannot be denied that the link between the human race and environmental degradation is straightforward.
“Scientists warned us long ago about environmental damage, we cannot stop it but we can help ease and hopefully prevent future damages” (David Suzuki, n.d.). Global warming is a devastating worldwide problem and about one third of its causes are Transportation. Everyone uses transportation everytime. Transportation has developed and changed throughout the years, it became more efficient, faster and sometimes cheaper. The amount of pollution it creates have not change and it is becoming a very big problem.
Low Polluting Emission Energy Production Essay Name: Shafin Kheraj, Grade: MYP 5A Today is the modern world of development where with the advancement of Technology the Population is rapidly increasing at full pace. With the growth in population the demands and movements of people is also increasing day by day, due to which the energy production and consumption upsurges. In the modern day technology, energy is predominantly use to run vehicles, for generating electricity in power plants and for production of materials in industries, and due to this it emits such polluting emissions in Air and water which is enough to destroy our mother nature. Majority of the world countries run on the non-renewable energy sources like Fossil fuels ex: coal, petroleum etc. and Nuclear power.
Recycling helps to prevent incineration, so it does not contribute to climate change. Furthermore, recycling centers are new job opportunities; therefore, with more employees, the more recyclable materials are recycled. ““EPA released significant findings on the economic benefits of the recycling industry… This equates to 1.57 jobs, $76,000 in wages, and $14,101 in tax revenues for every 1,000 tons of materials recycled,” (EPA). However, as much as recycling is beneficial, there are some disadvantages. As is is costly, recycling centers are often unhygienic.
The major drawbacks of using the fossil fuels is they raises serious environment causes, like very high amount of carbon dioxide production which affects the humans and responsible for ozone layer depletion and global warming. Just because of it many cities world wide faces pollution problem, mainly in china who utilizes about 28% of world coal consumption.  Nearly 21.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide produces from the fossil fuel combustion, but due to natural processes half of the amount absorbed. Another pitfall of it is the amount of the fossil fuel present in the earth crust is limited. This is the reason behind the high cost.
Due to the fast economic development and urbanization , the generation of solid waste has significantly increased worldwide . In general , increased population growth and rising consumer choices have led to a larger production of waste worldwide . Successful waste management requires accurate data. Construction and demolition (C&D) waste, which already comprises the largest waste fraction in industrialized countries (Schachermayer et al., 2000), is expected to increase in the future. Studies from the Netherlands (Muller, 2006) and Norway (Bergsdal et al., 2007) show this trend for countries of the European Union, Hashimoto et al.