Face is an image of self-delineated in terms of approved social attributes- albeit an image that others may share, as when a person makes a good showing for his profession or religion by making a good for himself” (Goffma,1967, p. 5). This means that everyone has self-public image which is related to emotional and social sense of self and expects other people to recognize. This image can be damaged through interaction with others. Face has two main aspects: Positive face and negative
• Positive politeness: Seeks to make a good relationship between parties; respects a person 's need to be liked and understood. Direct speech acts, cursing and dismissing Grice 's maxims can be considered aspects of positive politeness because: • they show an consciousness that the relationship is strong enough to cope with what would normally be considered impolite (in the popular understanding of the term); • they articulate an awareness of the other person 's values, which accomplishes the person 's will to be accepted. Some cultures seem to prefer one of these kinds of politeness over the other. In this way politeness is culturally bound. Being polite means being aware of and admiring the feelings of other people.
Etiquette is the fruit of manners, and it deals directly with kindness, consideration, elegance and style. “Etiquette involves putting others first, but not necessarily putting yourselves down. Etiquette should flow out of a gracious and kind heart and not be rigidly followed like a set of commandments.” (Bickerstaff Glover, n.d.). Etiquette is more realized then caught, and the customs may vary from one culture to another (Bickerstaff Glover,
Blocking the message is accomplished by condescending the message, questioning the source or even the messenger. The solutions to the issue of message blocking are: to identify the perfect moderate amount of fear to use, to use images instead of just texts since visual imagery is more difficult to block than text alone, and to provide self affirmation or encourage gratitude to the person before providing the negative message. Self-affirmation is a process by which people are asked to reflect good things about themselves. Gratitude interventions persuade people to focus on the good areas in their life that they can feel grateful for. People feel better once they are feeling more grateful or self-affirmed and therefore, they feel less threatened by messages that tell them to change their
They take respect as a sign of weakness or inferiority which could harm one 's self respect. But it is absolutely wrong. In summary, respect should be part of our lives. Every person, like “you” or “you” or “me” simply feels better when we are respected. Do you agree?
If somebody perceives us in some way, individuals are more prone to see ourselves in this particular way. People are less willing to be diacritical, they are afraid of rejection or being laughed at and this is not about our private convictions. This is how subconsciousness and social influence works. Aronson shows that people feel a need of integrity, belonging and acceptance, by stating that “If we find a person or a group attractive or appealing in some way, we will be inclined to accept influence from that person or group and adopt similar values and attitudes”. It is a prove that media are an inherent part of our life.
Culturally competent service providers are aware of how their own cultural backgrounds, experiences, attitudes, values, and biases influence psychological processes. Although cultural competence is presented as a progressive and positive force for the challenge racism and discrimination There are a few obstacles that make it difficult to implement and in fact, achieved for the social worker and employers. Critique of cultural competence Critiqued that cultural competence for being unreachable. Critiqued that Could be privileging group characteristics over individuality – opens for stereotyping. Critiqued for implying that a client’s culture can be understood by the social worker who reads about cultures and asks questions, but the reality is more complex.
Politically correct language is a language of respect, it is intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society. First, politically correct is based on the idea from Sapir-Whorf that language shapes thought. It is a Linguistic Determinism which states that the language we speak determines how we perceive and think about the world. Therefore, changing a discriminative word can also change the negative thoughts associated with what it signifies. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is now no longer accepted in its absolute form, but the weak version of the hypothesis is generally accepted by scholars.
It is important to keep in mind that there is a clear difference between the power of language and its use in a social context (ex; public power) or in a personal context (ex: personal, individual power). Language use in public discourse allows the public speakers to influence or shape the public’s opinion. They do so in hopes of getting the public’s opinion to be the same as theirs. The higher their position, the more their speech will have an impact on the public. Language use in interpersonal communication, however, allows the individual speaker to convey his message and his flow of ideas in a safe manner.
It was noted by some authors, e.g. R. Watts, and K. Ehlich (1992), Wilamová (2003), that politeness research has submitted hardly any explicit definitions of the term itself. The main direction is towards the function of politeness in overseeing interpersonal relations. The perspective expressed by Watts, and Ehlich (1992) is especially illuminating in revealing the way in which politeness is dealt with by theorists: .... the term “politeness” itself is either not explicitly defined at all or else taken to be a consequence of rational social goals such as maximizing the benefit to self and other, minimizing the face-threatening nature of a social act, displaying adequate proficiency in the accepted standards of social etiquette, avoiding conflict, making sure that the social interaction runs smoothly, etc. Linguistic politeness is then taken to be the various forms of language structure and usage which allow the members of a socio-cultural group to achieve these goals.