Smart cities are becoming a phenomenon worldwide and countries are trying to be part of this phenomenon by converting one of its cities to be smart. The smart city has different acronyms such as intelligent city, sustainable city, eco-city, knowledge city, and digital city (MANVILLE, et al., 2014). A smart city is defined as the city which applies the “information and communication technology (ICT)” in most of its vital aspects such as economic, social and environmental aspects. It aims to improve the quality of life as well as meeting the different needs of its current and future generations. Also, it is looking for generating value for people to which they can cope with life and world changes.
He adds that community involvement in the process is highly necessary. Therefore, a smart city would be a city that not only possesses and utilizes ICT technology but has also implemented this technology to positively impact its community. An alternative definition for a “smart city” according to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is: "A smart city brings together technology, government and society to enable the following characteristics: smart cities, a smart economy, smart mobility, a smart environment, smart people, smart living, and smart governance.” For the Indian Government (2014): "Smart City offers sustainability in terms of economic activities and employment opportunities to a wide section of its residents, regardless of their level of education, skills or income levels.” On the other hand, by general definition, a smart citizen is one who has civic sense and respects the law. According to citizenlab, innovations and technologies implemented in the smart city create smart citizens. We become smart citizens through our changing behaviors, efficient practices and smarter social
Abstract— Cities need to become smarter by becoming more sustainable, more efficient and more livable. Information technology is helpful in making the city smarter. Smart cities are based on eight pillars comprises of buildings, energy, water, recycling, healthcare, mobility, services and finance. This paper focuses mainly on energy, environment and infrastructure which include all the eight pillars. The key drivers in smart city in terms of energies are maintaining grids reliability and stability, improving energy efficiency across the value chain, integrating intermittent CO2 free energy and intelligent energy storage.
As per the India’s population is growing in larger figures than they are demanding to new ideas and knowledgeable applications to reach the potential to grow between the range of 700 and 1000 million tons in the next 50 years. Hence fourth they would make up market difference up to 60% larger, they have a trust that between now and 2030, the use of global steel would increase up to 400 million tons to respective academic
It should be firstly as well-organized cities where most favourable urban environment is created by focusing on urban design, energy and water management, and an efficient and accessible public transportation system and providing better performing and reliable city services that facilitate simplified and integrated access to services. Smart cities are safe and healthy cities addressing the health and safety issues through innovations in disease management, local healthcare networks, food and public safety, social services and individual information privacy. They are sustainable cities implementing concrete measures toward environmental friendliness and sustainability. They are the cities with good governance strives to improve the efficiency and quality of public services and deliveries. It mandates accountability and transparency at all levels of the government.
Eventually, the results of the study presented solutions and treatments to be applied in the design studio to enhance the use of building sustainability by providing a simplified LEED® framework. 1. Introduction Sustainable buildings concept have emerged because it have positive implications on life and human beings. The application of sustainable development in urban societies and urbanization leads to the preservation of natural resources. Harmoniously, the concepts and principles of sustainability should be applied to their energy saving, Human life is affected by the built environment; moreover, the negative or positive environmental influences affect the life of human being in a significant and considerable extent.
The intelligent campus is “intelligent” because it increases the connectivity and mobility of the campus, promotes the security of people and property and boost efficiency. Intelligent campus (Kwok, 2015) refers to a new paradigm of thinking which encompasses themes such as social networking and communications, green and ICT sustainability with intelligent sensor management systems, protective and preventive healthcare, smart building management with automated security control and surveillance. Figure 1 shows that campus management tasks are not limited to the academic functions of education and research, but are practically similar to managing a city: sustainability, security, retail and leisure and infrastructure. This part of the paper examines the impact of intelligent technologies on the
Mathur (2013) says there is strong relationship between urbanization and increased GDP and migration to the city provides a route out of poverty for many people. The study of Haque & Nayyab (2007) shows that cities are contributing to over 80 per cent of global GDP and also these are acting as innovations, centres of knowledge, inspiration, creativity, that is leading to promote learning and development
It’s fast pace of technological and infrastructural development, along with the various educational and economic opportunities, the city has attracted a huge amount of migrants from other cities and rural areas. As such, it is of paramount importance to understand the situation of the city. If it does not function to its potential, it not only creates nuisance for the local citizens, but it becomes troublesome for the entire country and can have drastic effect on a national level. Karachi is the fastest growing mega city in the world. Its population has increased by more than 100 percent from 11 million (the 1998 census figure) to 22 million when the last house count was conducted.
Smart cities are essentially urban clusters with smooth transportation, e-governance, and better social infrastructure, including healthcare and education. Smart is not just about technology-enabled, but also about power, water, transportation, solid waste management and sewerage. While the smart city is an area of opportunity for infrastructure companies and developers, it’s a long-term