Vasco Da Gama’s voyages of exploration led to the development of European empires because global trading networks and maritime trade were introduced. These voyages were very crucial for building an empire because it would allow Portugal to gain access to spices. Portugal did not have many resources so they could only rely on trade to become an empire. According to The Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco Da Gama, “In the year 1497, King Dom Manuel despatched four vessels to make discoveries and go in search of spices. Vasco Da Gama was the captain-major of these vessels...” (Gama 1).
Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie,VOC) traders, under the command of Jan van Riebeeck, were the first people to establish a European colony (initially not constructed to become a colony)in South Africa. The Cape settlement was built by the Dutch in 1652 as a re-supply point and way-station for Dutch East India Company vessels on their way back and forth between the Netherlands and Batavia (Jakarta) in the Dutch East Indies. These sea expeditions were implemented to further expand the Dutch economy by creating a trade route with the East with regards to spice, silk, bullion, etc. The support station gradually became a settler community, the forebears of the Afrikaners, a European ethnic group who are greatly involved
Raffles was ambitious and determined to make Britain the leading trading nation in the straits of Melaka. Raffles planned attempts to damage the Dutch influences in the Asia so as to extend British influences, but his plans were constantly being refuted by his superiors in EIC (British Empire) as the Dutch were an ally to the British in Europe but not in Asia. It was only until the Anglo-French rivalry resulted in the EIC allowing Raffles to search for a new base, therefore having him found Singapore, unoccupied by the Dutch, as a place to block sea lanes through the straits of Singapore to facilitate British ships for trade and remove Dutch’s monopoly in Southeast Asia. Although Raffles got the rights to set up a British settlement in Singapore, EIC had wanted to forbid Raffles from doing so, thus the British Empire would have hindered the founding of Singapore if Raffles received the message from EIC, which he did not
Question: Explain the Foreign Occupation Process in the country caused by the entry of foreign powers one after another Before Malaysia achieve its independence, it was colonized by foreign powers which brought in some foreign occupation process. Firstly, due to the strategic position of Malacca, it became a well-known trading centre. Traders from Asia such as Persia, Arabia, China, Japan, Bengal, Ceylon and Indonesia travelled all the way long to Malacca to get the spices they need. This is because there were sold Asian spices such as nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, cloves and peppers. Soon, the Portuguese were aware of the importance of Malacca and they started their first expedition to Malacca.
The first steps in straightening out the mess was the reconsideration of the monopoly right of the Bank of England. The Bank of England had the right to manage all the country’s loans on monopoly basis. By granting other private enterprises to participate in these loans more companies started to participate in loans on behalf of the government. In 1711 the South Sea Company was founded as one of these competitors of the Bank of England. The company was promised a monopoly of all trade to the Spanish colonies in South America in exchange for taking over part of the national debt from the War of Spanish Succession earlier that century.
This treaty was created to solve many of the issues that had come to light due to the British occupation of Dutch properties during the Napoleonic Wars and also the issues regarding to the rights to trade that existed for hundreds of years in the Spice Islands. These issues were a treaty that addressed a broad array of issues and did not clearly describe limitations of expansion by either side in the Malay world. The British establishment of Singapore on the Malaya Peninsular in 1819 by sir Stamford Raffles worsen the tension between the two nations, especially as the Dutch claimed that the treaty signed between Raffles and the Sultan of Johore was null and void and that the Sultanate of Johore was under the Dutch sphere of influence. The questions surrounding the fate of Dutch trading rights in British India and formerly Dutch possessions in the area also became the point of dispute between Calcutta & Batavia. Negotiations were made under pressure from British merchants with interests in the Far East in 1820 to elucidate the situation in
Christopher Columbus reached the North America accidentally while trying to reach India in 1942, which is one of the most significant discoveries in the Age of Discovery. Columbus’ discovery both increase the competition with the Portuguese and with other European countries. After the Portuguese and the Spanish, other countries like England, France, and Netherlands also joined the Age of Discovery. To speak of the impact of the Age of Discovery, there are basically two sides, one is on Europe, and the other is on the new world. Agriculturally, Europe and the New World had similar mutual influence by the other, because they both introduced new plants from each
The following essay shall look into the French colonial rule in India and their cultural significance in the area of Pondicherry. The French East India Company was another of several companies that were formed with the purpose of promoting Western European commercial interests in Asia particularly in India. The French was late to join the conquest of commercial trade with India. The British founded the British East India Company in 1600, and the Netherlands, which founded the Dutch East India Company in 1602. Even though the French attempted to develop trade connections with Asia in the early 17th century, there expeditions weren’t successful in securing any trading posts or settlements (Ruggiu 25).
This type of fighting was not none to the British. They used small groups to ambush the unexpected British military. They learned this for the Native Americans but they also used the British style of fighting as well. The used the French troops to attach from sea while the American troop attacked from land in Yorktown. They stole food and supplies from the British because funding was not efficient enough.