On the other hand, Smiley’s double agent personality aspect is what makes him the best investigator, as he is both an experienced spy yet switches sides to become an investigator. The theme of duplication does not fail in developing the plot as both Smiley and the readers struggle to identify who the double-dealing agent is. Concisely, the novel “Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy” is filled with instances of duplicity, highlighting the deeply rooted issues surrounding espionage and how spies can hide behind specific identities and doubles to prevent detection in the complex game of international espionage. As such, this novel is not only about espionage but also about secrets and changing identities by spies to serve the interests of their agencies under the cover of loyalty in another
Furthermore, the overwhelming amount of information depicted is intended to provide highly specialized knowledge about one of the most historical former spies of the CIA. The effectiveness of the author’s portrayal of Howard’s escape is a significant aspect that details the conflicts caused as a result of major flaws in the FBI and the CIA. Although at times it may have seemed redundant, Wise managed to bring together all of the interviews and information gathered to summarize the detrimental events caused by Howard’s resentment. Through espionage, Howard’s actions compromised the operation in Moscow, causing further strain, and almost irreparable, between the CIA and the
He connected with the audience by keeping them engaged. He was influential not only with his public speaking, but with propaganda. Hitler created propaganda that would influence the citizens of Germany to think that the Jews were inferior. Another way he used his influential attribute was by violence. When a fire started in the Reichstag building, Hitler used it as a way to start series of terrorist acts against politicians he considered enemies (“Hitler, Adolf”).
Zero-sum game is the notion in realism theory where ones gain an advantage then the other loses one. For a moment, German was the holding of “one” and the allies holds “zero” with the Enigma. However, when Turing’s team broke the code and Germans still think that the Enigma was unsolvable then the allies turned the table and hold more advantage against Germany. At the end, with this “one”, Allies could beat German in WWII. Another example realism theory is reflected to how MI6 deliberately put Soviet Spy inside Turing’s Team in hope that Turing can help MI6 to filter information that is leaked to Uni Soviet.
The Nazi atrocities of World War II are well documented – rightly so given the horrors they perpetuated and the scale at which they managed to commit their crimes. However, the level of the Nazi crimes often overshadow other atrocities that occurred throughout the war, such as those of Japanese Unit 731, but that wasn’t the only thing keeping Unit 731 out of the mainstream. Unit 731 was set up in 1938 in Japanese-occupied China with the aim of developing biological weapons. It also operated a secret research and experimental school in Shinjuku, central Tokyo. Its head was Lieutenant Shiro Ishii.Scholars and former members of the unit say that at least 3,000 people -- by some accounts several times as many -- were killed in the medical experiments;
Propaganda is the dispersal of information to impact or control large groups of individuals. The story of how the Nazi rose to power in Germany is regularly seen as an ideal example of how to accomplish political ends through propaganda. They were so powerful and forceful in utilizing publicity and propaganda to assemble support for their gathering and arrangements for war. In authoritarian regimes like Nazi Germany, propaganda played a notable role in persuading and convincing the Germans to believe in Hitler’s regime. Nazi used propaganda for two purposes, to construct a favorable and pleasing image of Hitler and to create a cynical and obstructive perception of those thought to be adversaries, especially Jews.
Lastly, the Nuremberg trials was one of the biggest events to occur toward Albert Speer. It is because of his work with the Nazi Party and his contribution to the outcome of war, was he being held accountable for his actions. However, through devious remarks and claims that he was unaware of such actions being taken place under his authority, he was sentenced to a lighter penalty than what his fellow collages. Speer was held accountable for four crimes; including the common plan or conspiracy to accomplish… a war aggression, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. However, out of the four crimes, ‘war crimes’ and ‘crimes against humanity’ were the two that would have been the biggest concern for Speer.
Soviet Intelligence was interested in incorporating American journalists into their espionage network because they offered various talents that could aid the Soviets in gathering information such as, their access to resources not available to the Soviets, their ability to gather new recruits, and their skill to not draw attention to their work. Haynes, Klehr, and Vassiliev created Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America (2009) to exemplify the history of the KGB in America and the USSR’s reasons for needing American agents. Because the Americans offered so many outlets to gather information, the Soviets sought them out in order to gain a competitive advantage over a world that wanted to prevent the spread of communism. The journalists had access to information that was unattainable to
The United States, Canada, Australia and England all took displaced people. They also took in many who were implicated in other Nazi Crimes (Nuremburg Trials). The Nuremberg trials were controversial even among those who wanted the major criminals punished. Harlan Stone, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court at the time, described the proceedings as a “sanctimonious fraud” and a “high-grade lynching party.” William O’ Douglas, then an associate U.S. Supreme Court justice, said the Allies “substituted power for principle” at Nuremberg (Nuremburg Trials). Others considered the trials a stepping stone for the establishment of international laws.
My favorite example of torture being effective is the “rough interrogation of several detainees who produced intelligence that led to location of Al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the mastermind behind the September 11, 2001, terror attacks”(Broder). I enjoy reading that because Osama bin Laden planned and killed so many Americans in such inhumane ways, and we were able to find where he was trough torturing his comrades who cracked under our torture techniques. One of the biggest arguments for anti-torture is that many think it is inhumane to harm others for answers. But in my opinion no American should complain how “inhumane” torture is when terrorists are flying airplanes into buildings and making hard working innocent citizens choose to burn to death or jump 100 floors to end their lives quicker. No American should be able to say no to torture after so much American blood was shed because of the terror attacks that happened on 9/11 and on all other attacks on the United States that could have been prevented.