Aneurysm Introduction: The term aneurysm is derived from the Greek word aneurysma meaning “a widening”.An aneurysm is a localized, abnormal, weak spot on a blood vessel wall that causes an outward bulging likened to a bubble or balloon. Aneurysms are a result of a weakened blood vessel wall and may be a result of a hereditary condition or an acquired disease. Aneurysms can also be a nidus for thrombosis and embolization. As an aneurysm increases in size, the risk of rupture increases leading to uncontrolled bleeding. Although they may occur in any blood vessel particularly lethal examples include aneurysms of the Circle of Willis in the brain, aortic aneurysms affecting the thoracic aorta and abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma. What is Diabetic Retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes out of tripathy. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels) causes damage to the cells at the back of the eye, known anatomically as, the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of loss of vision.
In the stages of endometriosis you can experience different types of effects and stages. The stages are referred to as Stage I to Stage IV. The reproductive system can be compromised and cause infertility. Anatomically the disruption of pelvic structures, multiple production and activation of peritoneal macrophages cause the inflammation of the lower abdominal cavity. It may bring about an ectopic pregnancy since the fallopian tube may be infected and the egg may stick to one of the cyst.
Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure. Kidney failure can also be caused by autoimmune disorders, such as lupus erythematosus. Of the many types of disease-causing, most causes of diabetes mellitus. According to Budiman, 45 percent of sufferers of kidney failure caused by diabetes mellitus, 28 percent by high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis by 9 percent, and 18 percent of other
(The abdomen consists of the lower part of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and bladder.) Pressure can come from coughing, vomiting, straining during a bowel movement, heavy lifting, or physical strain. Pregnancy, obesity, or extra fluid in the abdomen can also lead to a hiatal hernia. Who is at risk for developing a hiatal hernia? A hiatal hernia can develop in people of all ages and both sexes, although it frequently occurs in people age 50 and older.
I. INTRODUCTION This Brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke, which occurs due to artery bursting in the brain, causing bleeding in the surrounded tissues. The symptoms of brain hemorrhage are a sudden severe headache, Weakness in an arm or leg, nausea or vomiting, changes in vision, difficulty in speaking or understanding speech, difficulty in
There are different types of hernia, these includes, inguinal, umbilical, femoral, hiatus hernias, other types of hernia that can affect the abdomen are: - Incisional hernias which occurs when tissues pokes through a surgical wound in the abdomen that has not fully healed. - Epigastric hernia: these occurs when fatty tissues pokes through the abdomen between the navel and the lower part of the breastbone (sternum). - Spigelian hernias: these occurs when part of the bowel pushes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel. - Diaphragmatic hernias: this is when organ in the abdomen moves into the chest cavity and push through an opening in the diaphragm. This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults.
Intussusception is a surgical emergency that most commonly affects infants between five and nice months of age. However, neonatal intussusception is a very rare entity and is not well described. It represents 3% of the causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction and 0.3% of all cases of intussusception. 1, 2 The presentation of neonatal intussusception can be vague and misleading due to the rarity of the disease and the non-specificity of its symptomatology.3 The presentation is usually in the form of vomiting and abdominal pain which can mimic necrotizing enterocolitis and may lead to delay in diagnosis. This happens because in intussusception peristalsis is disturbed and lymphatic and venous obstruction occurs causing ischemia.
Your risk of developing this disease increases as you age. Other risk factors involved are genetic factors, smoking, and chronic abuse of pain medicines. Early stages of kidney cancer may have no symptoms, but during later stages, these may manifest as a lump in the abdomen, blood in the urine, unexplained weight loss, chronic pain in the side, loss of appetite. Treatments include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, biologic therapy and targeted therapy. 4.
Class I is the minimal mesangial lupus nephritis and for patients who are classified under this usually are in remission. The worst class, Class VI (Advanced sclerosis lupus nephritis) is embodied by a gradual progressive kidney dysfunction. This complication is the one most scientists use for research as this affects the majority of Lupus patients. Other complications could include organs such as lungs, brain, intestines, and
Cystic fibrosis What is cystic fibrosis? Cystic fibrosis is genetic disorder characterized by abnormal chloride channels. This characteristically results in disease affecting multiple organ systems, most notably the lungs and gastrointestinal tract. Lung disease is usually manifested as obstructive lung disease due to bronchiectasis. Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing.
However, it is likely due to an abnormal response of the immune system. Food or bacteria in the intestines, or even the lining of the bowel may cause the uncontrolled inflammation associated with Crohn 's disease. Signs and Symptoms: The symptoms of Crohn 's disease depend on where the disease occurs in the bowel and its severity. These are some symptom examples Chronic diarrhea, often bloody and containing mucus or pus Weight loss Fever Abdominal pain and tenderness Feeling of a mass or fullness in the abdomen Rectal bleeding
The most common type of nosocomial infections are surgical wound infections, respiratory infections (such as ventilator-associated pneumonia), urogenital infections, as well as gastrointestinal infections. Wound and burn infections often nosocomial in nature. Hospital-acquired infections are a major source of morbidity, and even mortality to surgical patients. Immunocompromised patients, the elderly and young children are usually more susceptible than others. Nosocomial infections frequently occur after inhalation therapy, during use of indwelling catheters, transmission of communicable diseases between patients and healthcare workers, surgical procedures, injections, contamination of the health care environment (even the food or water provided at hospitals) or during use of chemotherapeutic or immunosuppressive drugs.
Just pay attention to the symptoms that are involved and stay in contact with your provider. If Lyme disease is not diagnosed or treated early enough it can go and spread to different parts of the body causing lots of issues. Weeks, Months, or years later can turn into chronic Lyme disease. Later stage Lyme disease one may see different signs and symptoms than when first diagnosed. One being joint pain and swelling mostly in the knees but can also shift from one joint to another.
Pseudoaneurysm A pseudoaneurysm happens when an artery is injured and blood leaks out to form a sac-like bulge. The bulge can break open, causing bleeding in the nearby tissues. CAUSES The most common cause of this condition is a procedure such as an angiogram in which a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery. After an angiogram, the insertion site on the artery should close back up all the way. If it does not, blood may leak out of the artery.