The article “Baby Talk” by Patricia Kuhl explains how infants can start speaking their first language within a short time period. Babies possess the special ability to master a language within a few years, something that teenagers and adults have difficulty with. Only recently have scientists such as Patricia Kuhl start to understand how a newborn brain processes and learns speech. Infants use two methods to master a language, mental evaluation and social interaction with their parents. At the age of six months, a baby enters a unique period where their brains examine their parent’s dialogue and determine which phonemes out of 800 possible phonemes are used in their primary language.
This statement indicates that, an infant discover the language through sounds he heard. This sounds, as the infant grows, will develop into chunk of sounds and later on will expand into understandable words. Their development of language will
This innate system equips all children with a knowledge of this universal grammar. This predisposed knowledge allows them to acquire vocabulary and construct utterances of the language that they are hearing into sentences, so they hold the ability to understand the meaning of the language that they are hearing. From a nativist perspective, language acquisition is a natural human development and is automatic to all humans if they are provided and surrounded with sufficient linguistic information for them to
Adults who attempt to learn a new language can understand the logic of the new language but can’t fully master jargons, diction, and exceptions to grammar rules. Researchers discovered that when adults mastered two languages in childhood, both languages were located in the same areas of the brain with no influence on the cortex. Bilingual adults keep the two languages unconnected, starting one and temporarily stopping the other when speaking to an individual who only speaks one
By age 1 children say their first words and by 3 years children learn 300 to 1000 words; This is how rapid language is learnt (Gorden & Browne,2013). It is for all these reason us as early childhood educators must take advantage of this crucial time period where children are like sponge they soak in all information and concept.
The best way for a baby to acquire the language is to expose him/her to that language. So, you don’t teach the child to learn the language, but instead you expose him from a very early age to different types of people of groups where the language is spoken. So, if you think that you’ll only confuse your baby, think twice! Babies can differentiate between different speech sounds, tone of speech and even differentiate from women and men speech. In cases where both parents speak different languages, then it’s best if mommy speaks her language to the baby and daddy speaks his language to the baby, by doing so the baby will naturally learn to distinguish and acquire both languages.
3). The older a child gets, the more difficult it is for that child to acquire a first language as easily as in the earlier years of life. If a child is “linguistically deprived” (Humphries et al., 2014, p. 35), research has shown that greater problems will arise in the future with that child developing critical “mastery of numeracy and literacy […], and higher-order cognitive processing” (Humphries at al., 2014, p. 32). It is imperative that a Deaf child is diagnosed early on in life, and given full access to his or her natural language (sign language) as early as possible to make sure that he or she can have access to language and communication which
Language skills Language skill is one of the milestone achievements of the first two years of life. Children are born with innate schema of communication, such as body language or facial expression to communicate with parents or caregiver. The acquisition of language starts from phonology, which is an important skill for a child to master where he or she is to absorb the sound and identify the sounds form one language to another. This was nurtured both at home and in school where Alexander has to absorb sounds from native (Cantonese) and foreign languages (English).
If students begin their bilingual education as early as kindergarten, they are more likely to successfully acquire a second language. Children are like sponges and soak up information easily. Research conducted by Dr. Patricia Kuhl at the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences at the University of Washington shows that by 8-12 months, if babies are exposed to a second language, they retain the ability to distinguish those foreign sounds. Moreover, through the age of 7 or 8, children are able to learn to speak a second language with fluent grammar and without an accent.
A noteworthy topic discussed by author Michael Schwalbe in Chapter Five of his book The Sociologically Examined Life: Pieces of the Conversation is the importance of language acquisition in the early stages of one’s life and its sociological effects on society. Schwalbe leaves out the specific details of when exactly children/infants start to develop their language skills, however, it is important to note that most start to speak (i.e., voice their first word and/or phrase) at around the age of twelve months, with cooing and babbling happening in earlier months. These developments are all provided the children have been given the proper environment that allows these advancements to take place. If the child is isolated, however, as Schwalbe