Researchers hypothesized that the flavonoids, alkaloids, and lactones in Ashwagandha could make it an anti-carcinogen. One trial showed that Ashwagandha treatment "significantly inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner." They don't completely understand all of the mechanisms. They are confident, though, that Ashwagandha regulates genes that are responsible for cancerous growths. This method made use of an alcohol-based extract.
3.8 MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM Childhood pneumonia is the single most leading cause of death among under-five children. According to 2000 WHO report around 156 million new episodes of childhood pneumonia occurred globally, in that 95% of them in developing countries, out of the above-mentioned cases 8.7% of pneumonia are life threatening and required hospital admissions (Rudan,2008). The incidence was estimated at 0.29 episodes per child-year in developing and 0.05 episodes per child year in developed countries (Rudan et al.2013). In the year 2010 the incidence was 0.22 episodes per child-year though it is reduced from the year 2000, it remains an important public health problem (CHERG, 2013). Africa and Southeast Asia are responsible for 70% of the worldwide deaths due to pneumonia (Singh 2005).
“Tuberculosis was another big killer in the 1800s (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15). By the late 1930’s the death rate had dropped by 92% (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15). By 1970, the decline had reached over 99% (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15). During the 1900’s this disease was killing 5 to 16 times more people than typhoid, scarlet fever, whooping cough, measles, or diphtheria (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15).” Despite the substantial amount of deaths from Tuberculosis many good treatments to not only treat tuberculosis but to help cure many other infections and bacterias appeared. For instance, Rifampin, an antibiotic used to treat Tuberculosis, Neisseria meningitidis- also known as Meningitis- or infections in the nose and throat.
Treatment must begin in a timely manner. The specifics of treatment depend on the etiology of the edema. Surgery may be needed if the edema is caused by tumors, abscesses and/or hydrocephalus. Causes such as diabetic ketoacidosis, stroke and malignant hypertension may require aggressive medical management. Sometimes medication may be used in treatment of interstitial cerebral edema in order to reduce cerebrospinal fluid production in chronically increased intracranial pressure.
f) The biogenic theory of depression in terms of our theoretical understandings of mental disorders was formed. i) The theory stated that the mood is determined in the brain by biogenic amines – complex chemicals who’s structure resembles that of ammonia. ii) Before antidepressants, amines were involved in the regulation of a variety of functions; from heart rate and stomach motility, to alertness and sleep. (1) Iproniazid and Imipramine concluded that amines regulated mood but it could not be proved. (a) The amine hypothesis could not support the effects of the drugs.
A recently developed a new treatment for macular degeneration with very good results in general (although there are people who do not respond to this treatment), which is based on the use of injections periodic anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth ), they are hindering the development of new vessels, which is the alteration that really worsens the prognosis of the disease. Other less frequent macular degeneration, such as the toxic maculopathy , occur as a result of the ingestion of certain substances, such as drugs used in malaria , namely chloroquine, so when this drug is used is eye must perform regular checks, as well as a previous eye
INTRODUCTION Approximately 36 million individuals have Alzheimer’s disease (AD) worldwide which is the common cause of dementia in the range of higher ages (Alzheimers.net, 2014). About 5% to 8% of people aged above 65, 15% to 20% of people aged above 75 and 25% to 50% of those aged above 85 are affected by Alzheimer’s disease (Duthey, 2013). Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversibly progressive disease of the brain characterised by gradual loss of memory, change in personality and a decline in cognitive functions such as language, perception and reasoning. An individual with Alzheimer’s disease would lose all mental and memory abilities in later stages (National Institute of Aging, 2011). It is believed that Alzheimer’s disease is caused by the
Drug Addiction Zaid Tabaza 8’5 Figure 1: Drug Addiction Key Concept: Relationships Related Concept: Consequences, Environment Balance. Global Context: Identities and Relationships Addiction is the state of overdependence on a certain substance. Drug addiction, caused by social, environmental, and genetic factors, has become a global problem with serious implications on those affected, their societies, and the economy. Main causes of addiction shown in Figure 1 include the overuse of cigarettes, alcohol or drugs. Table 1 shows that deaths because of drug overdoses in the US during 2010 exceeded 38,000 people.
Volatile anesthetics can alter the dopaminergic balance in the brain, but whether they exacerbate PD is unknown. Propofol produces both dyskinesias and ablation of resting tremor, suggesting that it has both excitatory and inhibitory effects in this patient population. But both volatile agents as well as propofol has been successfully to sedate patients with PD during deep brain stimulation surgery. Dexmeditomidine appears to be safe and when used in deep brain stimulation surgery has advantage of not interfering with motor symptoms. Ketamine should be used with caution because of potential interaction between levodopa and ketamine’s sympathomimetic activity.
Meet the criteria for probable AD 2. Histopathological evidence obtained by necropsy and biopsy. To give a definitive diagnosis we use an anatopathologic study of the patient’s brain. When talking about neuroimaging, its role in the diagnosis and treatment of AD and other degenerative dementias is still fundamentally reduced to discarding other slowly progressive brain injuries that could cause dementia, like tumours in the frontal or temporal lobe or vascular accumulative lesions. However, a new and more positive panorama is foreseen for neuroimaging and the management of this disease and related disorders.