The world is classified as an unexpected thing. It is, therefore, clear that the universe has an explanation for its existence. The explanation is a transcendent, personal being who is God. According to a philosopher (Kant, 2014), God exists.
Saint Anselm came up with the ontological argument that only a fool would believe that God does not exist. An ontological argument is hand in hand with a Platonic a priori where there is a strong attempt made to prove that God exists by the concept of his existence. Saint Anselm’s argument is that even someone thick minded, or has a low IQ can state that there is a God, and for this to be possible, God must exist. He backs his argument up by comparing what is imagined up in the mind and what is in reality. Reality is existence, and imagining something up is nonexistent.
The word ‘teleological’ originally comes from the Greek word ‘telos’ which means ‘purpose’. God is described as being powerful (omnipotent), present everywhere (omnipresent), all seeing/knowing (omniscient), good (benevolent) and always existing (eternal). The world is a complex place and it makes sense that everything must have a purpose. The teleological argument suggests that someone has put everything in the universe in order and that the universe is too beautiful to have been created by chance, the divine creator must have been God.
The Cosmological Argument argues that the universe had to have been created by something greater, and more powerful than itself, such as God. This argument contends that the first cause of anything has no cause itself. The Teleological Argument asserts that the complex design of the world proves an intelligent, powerful creator. The Moral Argument cites God’s existence as the cause of morality. This argument asserts that humans follow moral laws that must have been created by a law giver.
Thus he explicitly states, ' I have no choice but to conclude that the mere fact of my existing is and of there being in me an idea of a
Descartes understands there is an existence of a superior being(God) due to the knowledge humanity has obtained. Indeed, certain ideas created can only be obtained through our mind and not our senses. Therefore, the idea of God, leads Descartes to believe there is a superior being influencing the ways of humanity. Hume on the other hand, relies on empirical evidence of the universe to prove that God exists. The natural Phenomena’s of the universe are clear representations of a superior creator: God.
p. 180). This is because a being who exists only as a mental notion is not so great as a being who exists in reality. Based on these facts and steps, Anselm conclude that Good must exist in reality, as well as an idea in the mind. To vividly understand the argument, it is important to understand the
Nestorianism, named after Nestorius, was built on the denial that Jesus was fully God and fully human at the same time; his explanation was something like a split personality between the human and the divine nature. The two natures could cannot coexist at the same time, however, they can switch back and forth; although Jesus has both natures inside on him, they could not both at the same time. Eutychianism was named after Eutyches, a man who opposed Nestorianism, who believed that Jesus’ divinity and human nature combined to create a new, third thing. He taught, “Christ’s humanity was so united with his divinity that it was not the same as ours” (Quash and Ward, 41). If Jesus was not able to be both man and God at the same time, he would not have the ability to save us from our sins.
I myself believe in a world of balance and like the two authors listed above, accept this as more rational thought than a single omnipotent god. My reasoning is that without evil, there is no concept of good, and vice versa. I will briefly
Omniscience is the ability to be all-knowing, which entails that God knows everything that has, is, and will ever occur. Omnipotence is characterized by the ability to be all-powerful, which gives God the authority to change the world in any way He desires. Lastly, omnibenevolence is illustrated through moral perfection and requires that God has no moral flaws and every moral virtue. Additionally, Anselm also believes that if God were to exist, His perfection would entail three things about the nature of His existence: that it be unlimited, independent and eternal. In order to be unlimited, nothing could have prevented Him from existing.
The question that is asked time and time again is whether or not god exists. It is evident that people hold different beliefs. It is evident that through some of the beliefs of J.L. Mackie that it could be argued that God does not actually exist. I find this argument to be more agreeable. In Mackie’s Evil and Omnipotence, he argues many points to support why it should be believed that god does not exist.
And I strongly believe that we cannot have the creation without the idea of the creation. Therefore the material objects cannot be the originator of the form, because the original material would have to demonstrate the ideal form as its’ purest self, and because the material objects represent the sub-par nature of the idealized figure, we don’t get the purity of the ideal. We can use the example from Genesis of Adam being created in the image of God. The image of God is the ideal form that Adam is created from and we can therefore distinguish that God’s figure is the perfect idealization of man. But we need the appearance of God in order to have that idealization.
Anselm’s reasoning was that, if a being existed only in the mind but not in reality, then a greater being was conceivable (a being which exists both in the mind and in reality). Since God is an infinitely great being, therefore, God must exist. Anselm logically proved that God existed by our understanding aside from reality and our understanding combined with reality. Another argument is the cosmological arguments. It begins by examining some empirical or metaphysical fact of the universe, from which it then follows that something outside the universe must have caused it to exist.