Memory Retrieval Process

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Memory refers to the processes that are used to acquire, store, retain, and later retrieve information. There are three major processes involved in memory such as encoding, storage, and retrieval.
In order to form new memories, information must be changed into a usable form, which occurs through the process known as encoding. Once information has been successfully encoded, it must be stored in memory for later use. Much of this stored memory lies outside of our awareness most of the time, except when we actually need to use it. The retrieval process allows us to bring stored memories into conscious awareness.
While several different models of memory have been proposed, the stage model of memory is often used to explain the basic structure and
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In Gray Ramona case, I learnt that memory can be manipulated. For example, his daughter, Holly confronted him with accusations that he raped her. But, according to Holly’s psychotherapist, Marche Isabella of “implanting” false memories in his daughter while Holly was being treated for bulimia. However, Gary was awarded for setting a legal precedent in 1994. He declared it is a major victory in recognizing pseudoscience underlying memories of abuse recovered during psychotherapy.
In addition, the Slate magazine did an informal study on online readers and they found out that political beliefs often match false memories. As the vulnerability to false memory seems positively correlated with intelligence, suggestibility and vividness of imagination seem to be stronger predictors. Means that people meant to create false memories based on their knowledge or imagination.
Thus, in describing that research, Dr Loftus identified two primary research paradigms. Such as misinformation paradigm and focusing on implanting false memories. Misinformation paradigm involves testing research on a specific event. While focusing on implanting memories involves subjects to recall past events. Dr Loftus concluded that people’s memories can easily change its details of
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The results of Experiment 1 are consistent with these predictions: Individuals in negative moods were significantly less likely to show false memory effects than those in positive moods or those whose mood was not manipulated. Experiment 2 introduced inclusion instructions to investigate whether moods had their effects on encoding or retrieval.
Next, the constructive nature of memory means the mind constructs memories based on a number of sources of information. Some of the characteristics of memory reflect it is when the people report as memories are constructed by the person based on what actually happened plus additional factors, such as the person’s knowledge, experience and expectations. There are also some of the factors can affect
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