During this developmental interview, I chose to conduct an observation/interview study with my one of my cousin’s child. This child is a 4 year old girl and will be identified as “child K” in relation to her first name. Her parents had no problem letting me interview her, but I had them stay in the same room as us. The purpose of this interview was to observe the child’s physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development. I observed her behavior and gave her several tests to show how well she has progressed.
My assignment is about Britney Spears who was born in McComb, Mississippi on 2nd December 1981. She is 36 years old and is currently in the life stage of early adulthood. I will be writing about 3 different life stages (infancy, early childhood, and adolescence) she has been through.
Explain the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected pattern:
There are four types of development, physical, cognitive, emotional, and social. Physical development is the growth of gross and fine motor, skills. Gross motor skills are walking, running, throwing, and crawling. Fine motor skills are writing, holding a fork, and using scissors. Physical development is also the easiest to see. Cognitive development is mental development. This development includes learning to recite the alphabet, recognize shapes and colors, problem solve, and use words and phrases. Emotional development is learning what feelings are and being able to recognize what they mean and why they happen. Social development is learning how to interact with other people. There are many things and situations that can affect any of these
Comedian Carol Burnett said “adolescence is just one big walking pimple.” This statement possibly summarizes, in a few words, how adolescents feel about all the biological and emotional changes that occur during this developmental period. Some adolescents may go through this period and not experience any difficulties. Others may experience sexual problems, eating disorders, and substance abuse (Williams, 2012). Because of the hormonal and physical changes some adolescents may experience some type of emotional problem, such as depression. This paper offers a broad overview of an intervention and theory regarding treatment for adolescent depression.
Stage 1: The Sensori Motor Stage Birth to about 2years. In this stage the babies aren’t sure what happens to objects when they move from sight. This explains why babies are so surprised when they play peek-a-boo with an adult. During their first year they learn the concept of object permanence. In the video Baby Simon makes a classic mistake of looking for the toy plane where he last found it and not where he watched them hide it.
Development is a gradual and continuous process. The development of children is greatly influenced through interactions with the family, friends and culture. Children learn from seeing how they are treated, overhearing the interactions of the people around them and observing the things we do all throughout the day. Fully understanding how children grown and change over the course of childhood requires us to look into various child development theories such as psychosocial, cognitive, behaviourist and ecological theories, to name a few. The various development theories could greatly help us in guiding and caring for children. As every child is unique and does have different experiences, there is no single theory that can effectively explain
Unlike adolescents and adults, growth and development is different in infants and toddlers. Observations from the physical, cognitive and perceptual development show that toddlers and infants grow and develop at a faster rate than adults. The physical, cognitive and motor development in infants and toddlers is higher than the same development in adults. This paper is an analysis and interpretation of an observation conducted with an aim to understand the growth and development of toddlers and infants. It explains an observation of an infant boy named Taylor who is 8 months old. Taylor was born in North Carolina and has been living with his parents since he was born.
Behaviourism assumes that a learner is fundamentally flaccid, replying to environmental incentives. Behaviour theorists states learning as nothing more than the attainment of new behaviour. In this theory Language acquisition is the result of stimulus-response activities where factors that facilitate are imitation, replication, reward and reinforcement.
Between birth to 6 months babies and children use their senses to become aware e.g. knowing they are hungry, as well as recognising key people in their lives and responding to physical smiles. In the next 6 months, they are beginning to understand tone of voice and begin to have favourite toys. Between 1 to 2 years children start to use objects correctly e.g. a cup. At this point they have a rapidly extending vocabulary and show awareness of others. 3 to 4 years is the age when children are fascinated by why things happen. By age 4 they can give reasons for their actions, remember major events and sort objects by colour and size.
The child behaviour changes and develops in a morally suitable way and adopt the values from his/her parents; new skills and knowledge.
Cognition is a process where different aspects of the mind are working together that lead to knowledge. Piaget’s cognitive development theory is based on stages that children go through as they grow that lead them to actively learn new information. Cognitive change occurs with schemes that children and adults go through to make sense of what is happening around them. The change that occurs is activity based when the child is young and later in life correlates to mental thinking. Piaget’s stages of cognitive development start from birth to adulthood and it begins with the sensorimotor stage, a child from birth to the age of 2 years old learns and thinks by doing and figuring out how something works. The second stage is the preoperational stage and in this stage children from ages 2 through 7 years are developing their language and they do pretend play (Berk, 2005, p.20). Concrete operational is the third stage and children ages 7 to 11 years old lack abstract but have more logic than they did when they were younger. The last stage is formal
In this assignment I will apply development theory to real life scenarios. Dr. Berger an author and professor at the City University of New York states, “A developmental theory is a systematic statement of general principals that provide a framework for understanding how and why people change as they grow older.” Therefore, I will be analyzing and applying real life scenarios to the life of my son Christopher Ramirez and explain how his development is associated with very specific theories or a theorist. This developmental theory will be applied to all four age ranges which are: the first two years (0-2), the play years (2-6), the school years (7-11), and the adolescence years (11-18). In addition, I will apply Biosocial (physical development) cognitive development, and psychosocial development to each age ranges and explain how each section is related to the aforementioned section of development.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born to this world is unique; they are born with different characters and their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting to the environment and community or setting in which they live in.