Research Paper On Sprinting

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Sprinting is used in many sports that incorporate with running. Running over a short distance in a limited period of time. Basically, it is a way of quickly reaching a target or goal, or avoiding or catching an opponent. Energy that used can only sustain for 30-35 seconds due to the depletion of phosphocreatine stores in muscle, and perhaps secondarily to excessive metabolic acidosis as a result of anaerobic glycolysis.
Sprinting events are the fastest competitions in track, it happens so quickly and it seem like a single sprinting stage. But sprinters all go through three distinct phases:
• Drive:
All sprinters begin at this phase. When he/she bursts from a dead still position into a sprint. Sprinters begins in a crouched position,
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The definition of body composition is the proportion of fat, muscle, and bone of an individual’s body. To determine the best course of action in regard to a well-rounded training program body composition testing should be a part of the overall testing an athlete. The purpose of the body composition tests is to determine whether the percent of the body fats falls within an acceptable range. Excess fat and pounds can decrease speed and inhibit efficient movement (Silvestre, West and Kraemar, 2006).
There is many methods to increase sprinting speed in athletes, Such as conventional sprint running training, resisted sprinting, resistance training, ballistic training, plyometric, and so on. Resistance training is effective for increasing sprinting speed in athletes, an example is Squat. Squat is the most commonly-explored resistance training exercise, by increasing in squat strength are strongly associated with improved sprinting speed. Plyometric are effective for improving sprinting speed in athletes. The muscle spindles detect the speed and intensity of a stretch and so during plyometric, detect the rapid stretching of the quads (when landing). Their response is to protect the muscle from over stretching by increasing the activity of the quads (the agonist muscles) and so the force the muscles produce. (Beardsley,
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(n.d.). What Are the Three Stages of Sprinting. Retrieved from Azcentral.
Beardsley, C. (2016). Strenght & Conditioning . Retrieved from Sprinting .
Don Pump CSCS*D, NSCA-CPT,*D, RSCC. (2016, June 29). Retrieved from Factors Affecting Speed:
David J. Epstein author. (2013). The sports gene: inside the science of extraordinary athletic performance. New York, New York: Current.

Silvestre, R., West, C., Maresh, C. M., & Kraemer, W. J. (2006). Body Composition and Physical Performance in Men’s Soccer: A Study of a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Team. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(1),
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