Most runners in any stage of life experience muscular injuries. Muscle cramps, though temporary, are a familiar injury to many athletes and occur in the majority of runners, especially marathoners (Tucker et al. 112). Stretching before and after a run does not guarantee a cramp-free run, but stretching does decrease the chance of having a muscle cramp. Other muscle injuries are also present in the running population. For example, nearly half of adult marathoners fit the requirements for acute kidney injury (Traiperm et al. 27). Muscle cramps and other injuries often lead people away from
An estimated 1,442,533 injuries occurred among U.S. high school student athletes participating in practices or competitions for the nine sports studied. The overall (i.e., practice and competition) injury rate in all sports combined was 2.44 injuries per 1,000 athlete exposures (Table). Football had the highest injury rate (4.36 injuries per 1,000 athlete exposures) followed by wrestling (2.50), boys ' (2.43) and girls ' (2.36) soccer, and girls ' basketball (2.01). Boys ' basketball, volleyball, baseball, and softball each had injury rates of less than 2.0 injuries per 1,000 athlete exposures. In each sport, the injury rate was higher in competition than practice settings. Although boys ' soccer had slightly higher injury rates than girls ' soccer, and girls ' basketball had slightly higher injury rates than boys ' basketball, no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) by sex were observed for soccer
My A-level subjects; Applied Science, P.E and Sociology have made me decide to pursue a career in Sports Therapy as I believe that is the key to improving an individual’s physical health. In my studies, I have learned the anatomy of the body in greater detail such as understanding that our body has various types of levers; fulcrum, resistance, and effort. And the different classes find the amount of force the muscle can produce and the size of these levers are what find the range of movement. Therefore, I am eager to want to deepen my learning more as the practical approach to science has appealed to me, making me want to know how to analyse the body and increase efficiency of an athlete’s fitness.
Competitive cross-country skiing is a strenuous endurance sport in which efficiency and energy delivery are deemed very important to achieve a high performance. Recently, shorter sprint competitions have been adopted; skiers are subjected to time-trial qualification race with three knockout heats. The heats take approximately 3-4 minutes and 20 minutes between the heats. Therefore, the ability of the skiers to reproduce subsequent technique, high efficiency, and energy is very imperative in the sport.
Over time, the Army has established several fitness programs. Soldiers first encounter such programs during Basic Training. Developing these programs aid Soldiers in meeting the required standard; however, often only provide the Soldier with the minimal fitness level necessary to meet the standard. Other programs utilized derive from published Army manuals and taught within the Army Master Fitness Course. These manuals contain the most recent applications development in order to aid individuals in achieving the physical fitness necessary to pass the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). The three different Army fitness plans include beginner, intermediate and advance. The exercises included help improve flexibility,
People think that cross country is easy and doesn´t have any difficulty. They are wrong! Cross country doesn’t only consist on running at a constant pace throw a considerable distance. When comparing the running styles of a track runner and cross country runner we notice a huge difference. As when running cross country you need to move the different parts of the body in an optimum position to ensure your performance is the best.
Forty eight seconds to show who we are, what we came to do, and what we are made of. Being sophomores and juniors we have to think about all of the college scouts that will be there, looking at our time splits and hoping we will get a call, a letter, or even an email asking for us to run track and field at their college. This is an important day. Not just for me, not just for my relay team, but for every single athlete here. This is the type of event that will put your name out there and help you find the college of your dreams. No pressure, huh? More like, more pressure than you can believe possible for four fifteen and sixteen year old
Cross Country is an extremely mental sport, so I guess you can call me insane. Sure people always question me why I run, and sometimes, even I question myself. But the reason I run always comes to me during the race. Five-hundred people all crowded around each other, everyone anxious to hear the sound of the gun. As the gun fires, everyone takes off running. Not away from something, but all towards the same thing: the finish-line. Adrenaline kicks in, the bystanders all cheer, packs of runners start to form, and then the actual competition begins. As the people beside you try to show dominance and speed up, you need to stay mentally strong, and run with them. Three miles later, with the finish-line in sight, everyone starts sprinting. This is where you use every last bit of energy, giving it all you have.
In “The Sports Gene,” David Epstein analyzes the effect of biology on great athletic abilities. Through the use of various scientific studies about athletic performance, Epstein presents a new take on the nature-versus-nurture debate. The writer uses several anecdotes, studies, and expert quotes from all over the world, in order to make the convincing case that the cause of athletic achievement varies between individuals. The novel presents its case through many in depth discussions on interesting topics, including the way muscle development is affected by genes and how athletic bodies have become more specialized. Epstein describes his own tales as well, including his college running career at Columbia University, his trip to the Arctic Circle,
We smile when other athletes complain about running laps as punishment while we run twice that in warm-ups. It fascinates me that something so simple remains a constant and vital part of any athletic endeavor. Before there were balls to kick or throw, there were feet alone. Simplicity and freedom are the foundations of runners and their sport. There are no procedures, equipment, or even a team. Yes, you can have a coach, buy the lightest shoes, and run with a team of runners. You can don the same uniform, try to predict what mile splits you wish to accomplish, and imagine whom you will pace behind. But once the starting gun fires, you are alone. You either fail or succeed because your own preparation, accord, and willpower. The beauty of running stems from choice – the choice to continue. Freedom is the gift of running. Injuries, obstacles, pain – they are just detours. Speed, distance, and form are all relative. I am not weighed down by a set of rules. After four years, I no longer have to question my love for the sport. I have found my
It feels like it just flies by in seconds. Races can be very hard if runners haven't trained though. They have to set a good pace for themselves. If they don't, racers might run way too fast in the beginning and then get tired and won't be able to keep running. This sounds silly, but runners will also have to make sure their shoes are on tight so they don't fall off. If they do, racers shouldn't stop for them, they should just keep going. After you finish they can go get them. When runners are done with the race, they should stretch so they aren't sore the next day. Also they must eat salty and sugary foods after the run. The salt will help make up for all the sweat racers lost running and the sugar will give them energy.
Cross country is all about racing against time and most importantly yourself. A runner will do only as well as he or she want to, if you want it enough then you can achieve it. Coach Charlie always tells the cross country team that," they just gotta believe," which is definitely true for racing. It requires great mentality to be able to push past all your pain to beat your time. In order to be able to improve, a runner must be able to push himself or herself further even when they are exhausted. Running is the greatest
I hope that this essay taught you more about track and field and maybe got you interested in joining a team. Running could also help you stay in shape today and in the future. This essay should have informed you about: perfect form, breathing techniques, how to eat, the events in track and field, some simple warm ups you could do, and some different tips and tricks to help you run. Hope it helped to inform
I assess my 23 year old male client’s upper and lower body strength and endurance and core endurance. My client’s goals are to build his endurance and tone his body. My client was classified as below average for muscular strength for both upper and lower, and was excellent or very good for core, upper, and lower body muscular endurance.
Muscular strength, power, and speed are defined as the three vital skills needed by taekwondo players in their sport, as stated in Physical Training in Taekwondo: Generic and Specific Training (Haddad, 2014). Muscular strength is defined by Hall, E. (2003) as the ability of a muscle group to develop maximal contractile force against a resistance in a single contraction. Greenfield, B. (2016) suggests that power and speed goes hand-in-hand with strength. Greenfield (2016) defined power as the ability to generate high amounts of force over a period over a short time, while defining speed as the ability to travel a set distance over as short a period of time as possible. These vital skills allows a taekwondo player’s muscular units in the lower extremeties the ability to kick, jump, and maintain stances. According to this study, their hasn’t been a consensus about the different investigative studies done on the effect of muscular strength training in taekwondo, and only one study investigated speed and agility in low frequency taekwondo training measured through 50m shuttle run test (Kim, 2011). The study suggests that the findings are the result of low number of training sessions or non-sufficient stimulus eliciting speed and