Totalitarianism holds the authoritative power throughout the state while fascism beholds a great power to control any anti-regime activity. Examples of Totalitarianism: 1. Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union: From 1929 to 1953, Stalin ruled Soviet Union. After the Civil War ended, Stalin took over the country and started to rule by force. Initially Soviet Union was a nation of low level farmers but in his time period it became a powerful government of strong military and industrial strength.
Chiang Kai-shek disagreed with this and sided with the wealthy farmers. He then forced all the communists into a small area in southern China. The exiled Communists led by Mao Zedong started an exodus to Yan’an in North-western China. This 6,000-mile trek is known as the Long March, and only 8,000 of the 100,000 communists survived. Mao’s policies regarding land appealed to the peasants which made up a large percentage of the population.
He single out all intellectuals in society, including: doctors, lawyers, teachers and executed them. Pot saw these people as threats that could stop his desired society. He started to expand the rural work forced labour in Cambodia. This was because he wanted to earn revenue from agricultural exports, which would lead to him being able to fund the constructing of industries (Steel Mills). Pol Pot wanted to show how independent Cambodia was to other foreign powers.
The Unites States bombing campaign was one of the reasons the North Vietnamese troops were pushed further into Cambodia. As much as Cambodia wanted to remain neutral in the Vietnam War, they could not avoid it. When the United States and North Vietnamese came to a cease fire and formed a peace treaty the U.S pulled out their troops, but they left with an ongoing war between the Cambodian citizens and their government. The disputes with the government led to the rise of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge were brutal and harsh killed millions in efforts to reconstruct Cambodia.
While the idea of Communism is to create a economic state where the bourgeoisie is dissolved, the proletarians are treated as equals, and there is no more government, in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Cambodia Communism did not benefit the countries like the ideology behind Communism should have. In the USSR and Cambodia, the citizens were stripped of their human rights, forced to work on collective farms, and were killed for being “enemies” of the state. In the Soviet Union, Communism was favored by the proletarians because of the dentromental consequences of the Industrial Revolution. In the late 19th century, the ruler of Russia, Tsar Nicholas the second, believed that Russia was falling behind the other countries in terms for being a modern society and being able to usable materials that is not just producing farming goods. The Industrial
The Marxist aspect sees the English Civil War and Revolution as an important part of the development from a feudal to a capitalist state in Britain. The events between 1640 and 1660 was a revolution where feudalism was destroyed, and replaced with a state that held a wider system of agrarian and industrial capitalism. By 1660, it was quite common for farmers to rent the land they lived and worked at. With state-sponsoring of enclosing common lands, more and more farmers were forced to become landless wage-labourers. Enclosure of common lands means that usage of the land is restricted to the owner, and not for common
A man named Vladimir Lenin successfully over through Nicolas but, like most revolutions, he turned out to be just as bad as Nicholas II, and he developed the Communist party ( History, 2011). This generic situation was written into a book Animal Farm. In the book by George Orwell, a farmer named Jones abuses his animals.
Yet, Tsar Nicholas II refused to acknowledge their grievances, nor did he implement measures to improve their working conditions. But, their plight did not go unnoticed and change was on the horizon. The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, formed in 1898 on Marxist ideology, saw the proletariat as the catalyst they needed to establish a socialistic society in Russia. For the proletariat, the Russian Social
His plan involved full government control over all businesses and resources to make sure there would be fair and equal distribution. Anyone who had opposed the reformation in place was either exiled, imprisoned or executed. Forcing collectivization eventually caused a crisis of widespread famine that was responsible for the death of millions. Cities were renamed to show off his glory, history books were changed to incorporate false or exaggerated claims of Stalin’s rise to power and life to make him seem more masterful to the youth of the nation. He was the focal point of most artwork, as well as literature, music, eventually he was incorporated into the Soviet national anthem.
The failures of the wars Russia took part in damaged their economy even more than it already was. The extreme poverty of the Russian people and the overpopulation of the major cities making living condition dreadful. These factors put struggles on the Russian people and it made them very anger at the government. The Tsar, Nicholas II failures to lead the country properly and the consent bad decisions that was made caused outrage with the Russian people. All of these factors are the reason why the Russian Revolution in February 1917