Stalinism And Trotskyism In George Orwell's Animal Farm

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The book Animal Farm, is an allegorical novel written by George Orwell in 1944. It was written during WWII as a fable to expose the danger posed by Stalinism and a totalitarian government. The story reflects the events that lead up to the Russian Revolution and into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union. George Orwell was influenced to write this novel in part by his own experiences in a Trotskyist group during the Spanish Civil War and also from his own ideas he had about relationships between social classes and how they relate to the relationship between humans and animals. Trotskyism can be generally defined as a form of socialism lead by Leon Trotsky. The purpose Orwell had for writing this novel was to expose how Stalinism betrayed the perfect conceptions of the socialist revolution in the Soviet Union. Orwell explained, “I thought of exposing the Soviet myth in a story that could be easily understood by almost anyone and which could be easily translated into other languages.” He used animals to replace humans so that on the surface it was a fun and entertaining story but it actually had a deeper meaning that attacked higher social class people that abuse their power in government. Animal Farm is parallel with the Russian Revolution because many of the book characters resemble figures who played an important role in or around the Russian Revolution. The events in the novel also take on characteristics of real life events from the time period and many of the ideas in the

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