For a teacher to be successful assessors, a deep understanding of assessments needs to be developed, and the following questions are able to be answered: why do assessments; when to do assessments; and how to assess in ways that have an impact on students learning in a positive way. Once a teacher has the knowledge to make meaningful decisions based on these questions, assessments that are planned, designed and implemented can be used to provide formative, meaningful information and support learning
The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world. Information obtained in this study can also be used for decision making such as evaluating the effectiveness of classroom assessment practices that teachers adopt as they evaluate student learning. Findings from this study may also add to a body of knowledge to the exiting assessment theory and practice within the education system and act as a framework for developing teacher preparation and professional development in the use of classroom
Stations or centers might be teacher-led if new knowledge is to be given or student-led if mastery is to be obtained on the information given by the teacher. Project-based is another strategy and one of the best ways to differentiate instruction due to the students’ needs and styles are addressed. Projects internalize help and support among students beside some academic skills. Tiered Activities, on the other hand, are based on the learning tasks designed at different levels of complexity according to students’ readiness levels, i.e. to be gradually given to the students ,whenever the student finishes one stage, they transfer to the other one until the task is done, or at times keeping the learning outcomes same the learning tasks can be designed according to students’ learning preferences viz.
In a Mastery-Based learning class, students take time with their tasks then move forward when they have mastered that one assignment. Educator Jon Bergman states, “In a mastery learning environment, students are expected to learn certain objectives, or competencies, and then they progress when they learn the competency.” (Amerischools 2017). Since the students would be moving on to the next assignment after they have learned it, that would allow them to go at a pace that suits the speed of their learning. Similarly, HSC, an academy that uses the Mastery-Based learning model, claims that,“Students proceed from one assignment to the next, from one unit to the next, from one course to the next, or from one grade to the next when they have mastered the skills and content introduced in their classes.” In order to move on to the next topics, the student must show complete comprehension of the material they are learning. This idea would prevent gaps in the students’ learning since there would have to be some type of evidence of the students knowledge about the objectives.
One assumes that students will be different after a unit of work has been taught. The question arises as to the degree of difference. Hence, measurement assessment, and evaluation are important to determine the degree of difference. Within this context, classroom instruction enables students to achieve intended learning outcomes. In so doing, the teacher becomes a predictor.
Based on the major findings from observed classroom assessment process, the principles for the suggested framework are built up such as particularity, practicality and learning promotion. In addition, she also emphasized some key points to be considered the necessary conditions for successful application of the framework such as the importance of daily lesson planning, the simultaneous focus on the three components of formative assessment and considerations of the actual teaching and learning
Nevertheless, standardized tests also have several positive effects on education as following. As its name suggests, standardized tests create a reliable standard to every students. In general, the purpose of using standardized tests is to measure the academic performance in the subjects that students have learnt. (Edglossary.org, 2015) So, in order to achieve their goal, the standardized tests are expected to be credible. Since the tests papers are graded by machine, it can be assured that there is no human error involved during the grading process.
Although prior grading systems have worked in the past a standard based grading system will be better able to help students learn. Standards based grading eliminates the competition between students to maximize the learning capabilities. According to Tom Guskey “In a standard-based system, grading and reporting must be done in terms of specific learning criteria, rather than in reference to normative criteria or “on the curve”. This means that grades must be based on what students have learned and
It provided relevant activities or examples where the educator may apply the theory within their own classroom to encourage development using each theory. It is imperative for the teachers to understand these theories in order to approach situations, in their classrooms, effectively and practice the encouragement of development within their students as each learner perceives information uniquely. They embolden the teacher to use various activities wherein children can participate in order to gain further understanding of conceptions that they are faced with. This countenances for effective teaching methods that can be executed within the classroom and provides the educator with sufficient knowledge and understanding of their
“To teach those four skills, teachers have to use some methods that can give the chance to the students to be involved in teaching and learning process” ( Richard and Rodgers, 1998) it means that the school, the teacher and the students as well decide the success of achieving the educational aims on the school level. In other words, teacher have duties on constructing the right lesson material formulating the proper aim, choosing and constructing the right lesson material according to the need, interest, and children development phase, choosing the method and teaching media and constructing the program and right evaluation. The students taught through a good method will get the chance to involve in the teaching and learning process, especially concerning those four basic language skill that must be mastered by the students. The relationship between this