The officers failed to consider the broader context and potential ramifications of their actions. It could be argued that alternatives, such as engaging with the youths, building a rapport and educating them, as well as treating them with respect and fairness, rather than escalating the situation and disparaging the character of the youths, could allow officers to not only comply with policy and legislation, but also more effectively police their community by building positive relationships, channels of communication, and reduction of future crime (Chan, Bargen, Luke and Clancey 1997). However, these alternatives require the appropriate use of discretion which the officers failed to
These three major ideas present in The Ghost Map are the most impressive and powerful: The miasma theory, John Snow’s waterborne theory, and the idea and drive to make London great. After all this research, after pinpointing each and every case of cholera, after making one of the most well-known statistical maps on earth, and after years of the waterborne theory sinking into the mind of the general populous, Snow finally receive validation against miasma. Through this validation, London grew into the mega city it is today. Most memorable and most important are these ideas, because these ideas shaped the
Conflict and consensus model of policing are seen to be the opposite of each other from the definition and examples seen above. Firstly, Consensus model of policing is collaborative in nature and members of society work together to achieve justice while conflict model of policing is authoritative in nature and the police used their ways to go about reducing crime and social disorder (Evans, 2016). Secondly, organisational culture is more prevalent in conflict model of policing where ---------, widening the gap between the community and the public. Based on the mode of operation in conflict model of policing, it is inevitable that the relationship of trust is absent. On the other hand, consensus model of policing focuses on the community and (p.153 of Evan book), talk about the trust between police and community For conflict model of policing, it has been stated above where Singapore follows the authoritative style of policing, therefore, linking to the contemporary context of Singapore, two examples used will be the incorporation of military style policing and Little India riot.
The document “Crime and Punishment in the Elizabethan Era” also points out that the law was flexible and could be applied differently based on the situation. When a person was convicted of treason, they were not always executed immediately. Some were inhumanely tortured for more information to see if they were working with others, despite the obvious lack of morality in doing this, it worked. However, on the other hand, the Elizabethan Law did have at least some moral sense to it as people some were spared from torture, and even execution in certain circumstances. When pregnant women were sentenced to death they could be spared for their the lives of their unborn children.
Citizens who cooperate with any law enforcement officer will end up well because no use of force or breaking of the law was committed in the situation. Unlike other cases some citizen seem to dislike officers, which leads them not to comply with officers and that leads officers to make quick decisions to not let these citizens get out of control. According to the article Organizational-level police discretion states that, “Thus,
The court system should acknowledge the offenders past and realize that the reasons they are committing crimes are not their free will, it is elements in their past that have caused them to act in a deviant manner. Furthermore, Cullen and Johnson (2017) agree by stating, “science has demonstrated that un-chosen individual traits (e.g., temperament, self-control, IQ) and un-chosen social circumstances (e.g., family, school, community) can be
I think you might have mixed directed patrol 's definition with proactive policing. Directed patrol focuses on concentrating police presence in area 's where crimes are prevalent, while proactive is where police actively tries to arrest criminals before crimes are committed rather than from receiving an call about a crime. After possibly clearing up any misconceptions about the two kinds of patrols, which would you find the most useful? From your discussion board post, it sounded like you meant that proactive patrol was more effective, is that still the case our have you changed your
If the unrighteousness of oppressing citizens to freely express themselves through speech or peaceably assembly. Martin Luther King Jr.’s words will never be forgotten; in fact, they will forever be carved into our history books for decades to come. His words were not only important in a political manner, for they were also important to the citizens who believed in his words on a grander scale. He impacted endless lives of his time who stood alongside him for what not only he believed in, but what countless others did as
What is Patrol in Law Enforcement? A patrol is ordinarily a group of individuals, for example, law enforcement officers or military personnel who screen certain geographic territories. They monitor regions searching for problem of issues of any sort. The vast majority of the group will know them really well because of the reality of them being the most commonly encountered officers by the public.
As a movement in the fields of architecture, urban planning, and landscape architecture, New Urbanism began to coalesce in the 1970s and 1980s as a reaction to the relentless but unsustainable increase in sprawling development patterns across the American (White & Ellis, 2007). New Urbanism has been the most important movement in the area of urban design and architecture to take hold in the United States in the last two decades, on similar to the City Beautiful and Garden City movements of the early twentieth century (Vanderbeek & Irazabal, 2007). New urbanism is effectively an urban design package that combines neo-traditional style buildings arranged in street grids to form relatively dense, walkable mixed use neighborhoods. While originally
I love One Out of Three’s cover design by Orlando Hoetzel. I think the illustration’s bright colors and stylized depictions of New York residents and their neighborhoods are extremely reflective of book’s message. Throughout the first three chapters there is an emphasis on the cyclical nature of immigration – the idea that immigrants are changed by New York and, in turn, New York is changed, is benefited, by immigration. This book, having been published in 2013, is obviously more reflective of current sociological methods and perspectives than Beyond the Melting Pot, published in 1970 It is therefore a lot more comfortable to read. I was struck by both the wealth of statistical information given in the first three chapters and the emphasis on personal experiences and narrative style sociology.
Waters took notice of how interesting it could be to study some of these people and how the new landscapes and environments can have affect on their original beliefs or practices. Waters finds that throughout generations of immigrants and then descendants that individuals are most likely to take on her proposed theory of “new ethnicity/Dime-store ethnicity.” Her research was performed in the late 20th century and was strongly reinforced by what I found within my interviewing process in the present time of the 21st century. Ethnicity is an extremely important and apparent factor in our society that some overlook far too easily. It surrounds us everyday and can teach us an immense amount about the world.
Similarly, the educational aspect portrayed in the article, and an interesting repetition, “You don’t get to assault police officers.” Nonetheless, explained in the article assaulting an officer won’t do any great deeds; instead, it does you more harm. Hence, there is provided due process and access to the court, if one finds the wrongdoings of the officer(s)
I believe there should be a dedicated team of individuals who specialize in these cases, that don’t give up as new technology and evidence arises. Concluding this paper, we have considered the JonBenet case that occurred in 1996 and how it was closed and reopened. Keeping in mind that a third of all homicide cases go unsolved, statistically this is a big number considering the number of people living in the U.S.A. We see how important it is to not compromise any evidence in a crime scene it could very well dictate the results of solving the case. Because mistakes caused by the officers, or investigators at a crime scene such as tampering with evidence, flaws in the legal system, and departments giving up on cases of up to a year many go
They also search them even if they have no evidence that they have committed a crime. Racial profiling is obviously illegal violating the U.S. Constitution’s main point of equal protection under the law to all and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. Racial profiling doesn 't really help anyone usually alienating communities because of their ethnicities. Which causes the people not to trust the police. My first