Although, some say standardized testing is beneficial to the way students learn, statistics show that this is simply not true, standardized testing adds unnecessary stress on students, suppresses their creativity, and limits the creativity of teachers. To begin, standardized testing puts a lot of unhealthy
This test is practical because it fits the requirements: not excessively expensive, appropriate time constrains, easy to administrate and a time–efficient scoring procedure. Washback Washback is the effect a test has on what and how students choose to study and on teaching procedures. The washback effect on teaching occurs both before the test and after, depending on the type of test used. This impact, which the test has on teaching and on students as well, may be a positive or a negative one. Any test has an enormous affect on the style of teaching, style of learning and the students’ attitude towards the language.
In most tests, it is normally teachers who construct and administer the test for students. Thus, any good teacher-student relationship would help increase the consistency of the results. Other factors that contribute to positive effects to the reliability of a test include teacher’s encouragement, positive mental and physical condition, familiarity to the test formats, and perseverance (determination) and motivation. The third factors that affect the reliability of a test are the environment factors. An examination environment certainly influences test-takers and their scores.
Nevertheless, standardized tests also have several positive effects on education as following. As its name suggests, standardized tests create a reliable standard to every students. In general, the purpose of using standardized tests is to measure the academic performance in the subjects that students have learnt. (Edglossary.org, 2015) So, in order to achieve their goal, the standardized tests are expected to be credible. Since the tests papers are graded by machine, it can be assured that there is no human error involved during the grading process.
I agree with this theory and also there are other ways to maintain a positive classroom management, such as: setting the classroom rules at the beginning of each lesson, checks in with all the students to make sure they’re ready, maintaining the student’s dignity, and also treating them equally with fairness. I think that patience is an important part of maintaining a positive classroom management, as long as the teacher is patient with herself and her students, she won’t have trouble earning their love, respect and trust. Some people deal with negative behaviors using punishment that temporarily lasts. Although, punishment works with most students, it’s also ineffective for students with chronic behavioral difficulties. However, if we treat all children equally and be patient with ourselves and them, then maintaining a positive classroom management will be easy.
This paper seeks to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of standardized testing. It will achieve this by describing the advantages and disadvantages of standardized testing for both students and teachers. Research shows that standardized testing instruments are reliable and dependable, meaning that there are several advantages linked to the use of standardized tests in schools for both teachers and students (Nelson, Palonsky, & McCarthy, 2010). Firstly, the standardized testing instruments yield students’ tests results that provide teachers with quantifiable data and information, including learners’ scores and proficiency, among other aspects.
The U.S. should not focus so heavily on standardized testing because it is not a complete accurate measurement of a student’s intelligence. School’s are using standardized testing for the wrong reason. “A standardized test is any examination that’s administered and scored in a predetermined, standard manner. There are two major kinds of standardized tests: aptitude tests and achievement tests” (Popham, 1999). The most common examples of aptitude tests are the SAT and the ACT.
The No Child Left Behind law was supposed to increase students’ motivation by creating high-stakes tests. This, however, is not the case. The law actually had the opposite effect on motivation; some students are so negatively affected that they are unable to finish the requirements to get their high school diploma (2). A poor test history leads to a poor mindset, in which students are “less motivated to learn and less likely to engage in critical thinking,” in the words of Audrey Amrein and David Berliner (Fulton 3). Instead of helping these students and motivating them, some of their teachers are so focused on getting them the information that they try to give them a lot of information in a short time, thus not giving the students a chance to properly learn.
Shininger (2006) embarked on a study to determine the benefits of using the STAD technique in a middle school mathematics classroom. He found that Students Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD) increases academic achievement and improves students' self-esteem as learners and their social interactions with their peers. Weaver (2006) investigated the benefits of cooperative learning in the mathematics classroom in secondary school. He found that cooperative learning is useful for learning mathematics in high school. The students who were exposed to cooperative learning seemed to have higher score on the tests and have positive attitude towards mathematics.
Moreover, I have learned how to apply it during my teaching in classroom so as to increase positive response from my students. Effective teachers are distinguished by their devotion to the students and to the job of teaching. As a teacher, one must feel the responsibility for the achievement and success of the students and own professional development. According to the reading that I made while working on “differentiated instruction” I have found that all students can learn