The military spokesman justifies the gruesome and violent attacks towards Egyptian civilians by claiming, “… these soldiers were on duty, what were they supposed to do?” The idea of following orders is a common explanation many militants and police officers use in order to not be held liable. Scientist, Stanley Milgram, experiments the idea of becoming obedient towards authority that may control the decision of individuals. Milgram inspiration derives from the notorious Nazi officer, Adolf Eichmann, who similarly claims that he was simply following orders during the genocide of millions of Jews. Although, Stanley Milgram has proven that individuals tend to follow orders from authority, Egyptian militants who participated in the horrid attacks
Society in both Ayn Rand’s novel Anthem and in today’s world has given negative connotation to egoism, but to Prometheus, the protagonist, it is holy. While his entire society believes that having an ego is related to evil, Prometheus challenges everything he is told and discovers and defines himself as an egoist, giving a new meaning to the word. Through events along his journey which confidently affected him, Equality achieved pride in himself and his accomplishments. Much like his so called brothers, he too was once brainwashed by the collectivist community surrounding him. His first step towards escaping was his discovery of the tunnel where he felt safe from this society; where his mind was not
Juror 10 and Juror 3 are both connected through bias. Juror 10 is very biased towards his opinions of people of other races. Juror 3 is very biased because he went through a similar situation with his son as the accused went through with his father. This is represented by their closeness in the diagram, Juror 2 is further away because he isn’t as biased. Juror 10 and Juror 3 both think they are above everyone else, which is represented by Juror 3 and 10 being above Juror 2.
It’s obvious to believe that the soldiers would find their humanity and resist their commands, but they didn't. This concept sparked a curiosity in psychologist Stanley Milgram to discover how authoritative figures influence a person's decision making---which soon led him to conduct his most famous experiments known today. After watching Nazi generals, one after the other, plead they were only following orders during the Nuremberg trials he took away one main concept; people can, and will blindly follow authority. To test this idea,
But, not everybody was put on trial, only those who were assumed to be the more responsible were judged. From the beginning, the agency that Zimbardo talks about was taken for granted. All accuses expressed they were just following orders, doing their job, acting on behalf of a greater good. Complementing Zimbardo’s argument we must understand and trace back the ideology, and mechanisms are put in place in the macrostructures which shape institutions and set up the situations that could take our agency away. For example, Aly (2014) in his book, traced the prehistory of the Holocaust from the 1800s to 1933 when the Nazis assumed the power.
Though his ideas are strong, the lack of supporting information strongly discredits what he is attempting to attest. If all of the imaginary situations he creates were actually real, documented events, it would be hard to doubt his claims. However, Levin only hints at real evidence before elaborating on another “what-if” scenario. For example, he shares the results from his poll of four women, asking them “if they would approve of torturing kidnappers if that were necessary to get their own newborns back” (689). Unsurprisingly, all of the mothers who took part in his poll agreed that they would torture the kidnapper.
In the experiment, the guards became violent and abusive toward the prisoners. Most of the prisoners did not fight back due to fear. The Stanford Prison Experiment reveals that if given power, humans are likely to abuse it. Most will believe that they will never abuse power if given it. However, once they taste and experience power, they are likely to slowly become abusive
I don 't know if she knew how much that affected me, but because of those few words I was so self-conscious I never cut my hair short, or let anyone see my scars even if they asked. I shouldn´t have to feel ashamed of something that saved my life, but because it made me different I was bullied by several people I thought were my friends. ¨If we could´nt feel hate how would we know what love is¨, this is a quote I found interesting, it made me wonder what it would be like if there was only love, most of our worlds history would change because lets face it almost all of our history is war and
The Milgram Experiment is yet another example of how words have the capacity to bring a reaction from people. The results from the Milgram experiment yielded Milgram’s Agency Theory. During the experiment, “when participants were reminded that they had responsibility for their own actions, almost none of them were prepared to obey” (McLeod). However, “many participants who were refusing to go on did so if the experimenter said that he would take responsibility” (McLeod). Whichever statement the experimenter told the participant had a huge effect on the experiment.
Are 65% of humans unethical beings with the capability of killing someone on command? Based on the findings of Stanley Milgram’s obedience test in 1963, this could be true if someone holding authority persists. In Milgram’s test he had people administer shocks to a “learner” under the guise of a memory experiment, slowly raising the intensity of the shock as the learner continued to make mistakes. Only 35% of these subjects disobeyed the scientist and refused to continue administered shocks, why is this? Lauren Slater, the author of Opening Skinner’s Box: Great Psychological Experiments of the Twentieth Century, spoke to a subject who refused to administer a shock, Joshua, as well as, a subject who complied with the scientist’s commands, Jacob.