1. The meaning of deviance is the result of a process in that it is socially constructed and is constantly changing depending on the context. From this perspective, an individual’s behavior or characteristics’ is not enough to make an act or behavior deviant, instead, it depends on the response that people have towards these acts that outlines what is moral and immoral behavior within a given community. According to Erikson, deviance helps communities maintain some type of social order by clearly outlining what’s considered moral and immoral behavior and changes as people explore their domains and test the limits of their community. Thereby, people that engage in immoral behavior are considered as “deviants,” as they challenge what’s been set as correct behavior by those in positions of influence within a certain community (e.g., policymakers, school board).
This can be more difficult than it sounds, because it can be difficult to anticipate how participants will react to a study. It is usually easy to recognize when someone’s physical safety is in jeopardy, but it is complicated to recognize when a person’s emotional well-being is at risk. Researchers have an obligation to minimize any procedures that have the potential to cause harm to your participants. In general, avoid designs in which participants could be humiliated, embarrassed, scared, anxious, stressed, saddened, or discouraged. The participants’ physical and mental state should be the same as when they arrived for your experiment then by the end your experiment.
The results showed that when no oral feedback was given from the learner, all participants gave a shock of 450V. When the learner screamed or gave feedback, only 65% went to 450V. Milgram argued that the ‘teachers’ acted in this manner because they were told so by an authority figure (Milgram, 1963). Aspects of the participant’s behaviour can be explained by Milgram’s Agency theory (Milgram, 1974). This theory states that there are two types of behaviour people express when they are put into social situations; the autonomous state and the agentic state.
A third factor that allowed people to disobey authority was the rebellious action of others. When an actor was placed in as a teacher when another random person, the subject of the experiment was more likely to rebel when the actor rebelled. Overall, these factors show that while, more than half of the people were completely obedient to the scientist there is still hope that serious evil can be
(Burgess, beyondintractability) Pi Ying’s senseless decision to take this type of action against Kelly, helps demonstrate that humans will make unethical decisions if they believe it is beneficial for them to progress in life. Another leading cause of unethical decisions is when humans decide to value others life
They shouldn’t have been so self centered and actually considered the consequences of the decisions that they were making. The Capulets are a great example of showing that not being there for your child’s life can make them unstable. Consequently the child would soon make poor decisions which will get them into trouble. Hopefully now the Capulet’s will put other people’s opinions into
It’s pretty much saying that we should not stereotype people and put them into groups without knowing everything about them. 3) How can labeling be detrimental to the self-image of the person labeled? It can be detrimental in negative and positive effects because if a people with a negative self –image with around people
Passivity is the acceptance of what happens, without active response or resistance to this. Passivity is a concept that can lead to dangerous situations among a society. If passivity is the main issue amongst a society, it can feel like almost a need because a group is so suppressed in their actions and having a voice. Being passive may be the last option for a group of people in order to feel safe, because there is no other option. Not having the right to act freely and have a voice in society, is an inherent danger of being passive.
As they had to electrically shock the learner, the subjects showed the symptoms of nervousness. Some subjects looked reluctant to go further with the experiment and the others criticized the research. They knew what they were doing was horrific and the learner was probably in great pain. However, the subjects were unable to defy the experimenter, or the authority. Their once thought to be clear judgment became clouded.