Hurwitz, J., & Peffley, M. (1997). Public perceptions of race and crime: The role of racial stereotypes. American Journal of Political Science. Hurwitz and Peffley write on how stereotypes about African Americans have an effect on people’s attitudes towards crime and policy. The authors discuss the link on race and crime and how the media has a lot to do with it.
In his essay entitled Black Men and Public Space (1987), Brent Staples talks about how people will have a common misconception on the black community by thinking that they are all mugger ,rapist or thugs.Staples supports his claim by telling the reader events/ stories that occured to him and talks about how people will assume that he is a danger to society when in reality he isnt. The authors purpose is to inform the reader that his experiences of being stereotyped is to show the reader his point of view when it comes to these types of situations.Staples writes in a formal tone for an intelligent or free minded person.
In “Learning to Read”, Malcolm X uses rhetorical analysis to argue how African Americans continued to struggle in gaining education due to racism. He informs people that through our history books, there have been modifications that restrain the truth about the struggles black people faced. Malcolm X encouraged his audience to strive to get the rights that they deserved. He demonstrates that knowledge is very important because the truth empowers us. In his interview he persuades his audience with diction, tone, pathos, ethos, and appeal to emotion to make his point.
MLK Speech Devices In Martin Luther King Junior’s “I Have a Dream” speech, many rhetorical devices are used to convey the message that he is trying to get across. Two of these devices are symbolism and repetition. Symbolism is used extensively throughout the speech. One example of this is in the line “Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds’.” In this sentence, Martin Luther King Junior is using a “check” to represent the rights of the African-American people. He says that this is a bad check.
“Slangin’ Rocks” Objective Summary “Slangin’ Rocks” by Robin D.G. Kelley, is an opinion essay about the treatment of “people of color” by United States law enforcement, in a historical and modern sense. The purpose of the essay is to persuade the reader to agree with the belief of the author, that U.S law enforcement treats “people of color” unfairly, and that the system itself needs to be changed. The essay begins with the author describing his own experience with law enforcement, which provides him with credibility on the topic and provides insight into why the essay was written (Kelley 21-23). The author’s personal story provides the reader with a specific example of how “people of color” are treated unfairly by law enforcement, and that
The title of Griffin's book reflects personal feelings throughout the novel, sets the mood by giving a denotative and connotative meaning of the word black, and also hints to how people are going to react to the novel. John Howard Griffin purposely titled the novel “Black Like Me” because of the way it portrays his personal feelings and thoughts as a black man. In the middle of the novel Griffin references to the remark, “Learned behavior patterns so deeply engrained they produce unconscious involuntary reactions” (Griffin 68). Griffin began to feel connections to society as a black person and no longer as a white. Griffin uses the title to link back to those feelings of being “Black Like Me”.
The style relies and is similar to news stories, research, and it allows the reader to feel and visualize what Lopez had going through his head as he was writing the story. The main idea or central aim of the story was to explain how racism has evolved since the civil rights era. Lopez draws upon cutting scholarship in history, sociology, psychology, and translates them into terms illustrated through examples. It is an eye-opener on how racial appeals generate broad enthusiasm for policies that hurt the middle class. His book was based on sources from history about racism and the civil rights era.
Hsiang, the author of “FOBs vs. Twinkies”, tells of her experiences with intraracial discrimination between the Asian race. Staples, the author of “Black Men and Public Spaces”, tells of the experiences he's had as a black man with prejudice from whites. In these articles, the authors show similarities of discrimination, however, these articles highlight differences using diction and tone. There are some similarities and differences with these two articles. First, the articles have several features corresponding to the topic of racism.
How does race define us? Since the end of segregation racial integration has dominated our social world. Our race has been a hot button topic. The examination of an individual on the basis of their character, culture and actions is often preceded by baseless judgement. The topic demonstrates the social flaws that we share as a society; an argument for or against the judgment of an individual on the basis or race.
In the essay, Just Walk on By, Staples conveys emotional and ethical appeals in order to make people aware of the struggles black men go through due to the stereotypical expectations people have towards them. Staples emphasizes the tension between the white and black race through the usage of ambiguous phrases. Words such as “victim,” “stalking,” and “the ability to alter public space in ugly ways” serve to display how white people perceive the black race in a negative aspect. Through using these words, the author shows how intense interracial encounters are experienced by both parties. These situations project a sense of discomfort along with evoking fear towards the “victim” and dismay in the “suspect.” Staples advocates for these emotions
“Keepin’ it real”, an essential standard in the distinguishing racial identity as an African American, or so it was until Mark Steyn drags it through an abrasive bath of satire and exposes it for what he truly thinks it is, a detriment to the black community, and society as whole. Steyn exposes the hypocrisy and flaws in mindset African American cultural leadership that has allowed this new "outlook" to flourish through a scathing assault comprised of exemplification, irony, definition. An instrumental tool in his tirade against the cultural leaders whom he believes are dragging down the black community is exemplification. Using this technique he is able to deconstruct the issue and attack its individual facets. He introduces
This reading addressed the idea of “double consciousness” The introduction was though provoking and challenged he reader to think about what race really is. Not only this but is brought up the idea of colorblind racism and people being unaware of the privilege that they have both historically and presently. This reading was also an excerpt of The Souls Of Black Folk by W.E.B. Dubois. He further addresses double consciousness in this book.
In Black Lies Matter, the author main concept about this book were race relations. He gave a different look about race relations throughout the book. Race relations is the sociology of race and ethnic relations is the study of social, political, and economic relations between races and ethnicities at all levels of society. Starkes talks about how race relations of this race grievance exploits white guilt because white guilt is simply the gift that keeps on going in the world. Political correctness is the shield and weapon against criticism; critics are easily broad-brushed as racists or disagreeable
In his essay, Coates refuses the idea of “hope” and delivers his message like a statistic report. He often uses personal anecdotes to make his messages more personal, thus enabling his readers to place themselves in the person’s shoes. Then Coates would go on and recount the gruesome or horrid mistreatment that person has gone through regardless how hurtful or painful these stories are. Furthermore, he substantiates his claims with painful statistic reports and numbers – numbers that pierces the black readers like swords. Tahiti Anyabwile in his essay “A Call for Hope in the Age of Mass Incarceration” states that “Coates fails his readership and fails to represent something vital about African Americans – his writing lacks hope”.
The personification of “the Nation” gives more character to the idea of prejudice, removing the idea of an unknowable entity. Rather, it becomes something that the reader can comprehend and even relate to. Lastly, Du Bois makes an appeal to pathos when he says, “[a]way with the black man’s ballot, by force or fraud,—and behold the suicide of a race!” Suicide is obviously a strong word choice, and in using it, Du Bois makes the readers morbidly connect with the African Americans’ plight at an emotional level. It serves to help the reader understand the impact that prejudice has on African Americans and in doing so again increases the persuasiveness of Du Bois’s argument. In conclusion, Du Bois’s stylistic and content choices, which include word choice, allusion, alliteration, rhetorical questions, personification, and an appeal to pathos, serve to make the main idea in paragraph eleven—that the effects of prejudice are negative and harmful—more