Nearly 1 billion people are employed by the fashion industry worldwide, the majority of whom live and work in peril, unjust and austere conditions. In garment factories in countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, Cambodia, Brazil and even Mexico the people who make our clothes live in poverty. They work long hours for very little pay. Because many garment factories are located in poor, developing countries, such as Bangladesh and Cambodia, a culture of trade unions is often non-existent and workers are banned from collective bargaining with authorities for fairer wages and working conditions. With growing living costs in housing, food, clothing, education, transport and healthcare, the minimum wages set by their governments simply is not enough.
Furthermore, children have to work for twelve-hour and pay very low to these children as sixteen cents for hour. In Indonesia, the factories punish their child labour by the sun drenching way for people who works to slowly (Lavelle, 2014). Thus, the company get lots of profit by selling their products, but in term of the process of making these products, it is not sustain. By using TBL as a criteria, the company seems to be very weak at developing people part, and it cause an unbalance to the
Their wages were necessary to maintain their poor immigrant families. They often had so little left for themselves that they lacked winter coats and could not afford to eat for lunch.” This problem was an ideal situation for sweatshops to develop. With many immigrants frantically searching for any job, manufacturers got cheap labor from very willing newcomers to America.Yet another factor that contributed to the conditions of sweatshops was social and economic conditions. Workers were willing to accept any wages and management systems lacking humanity and compassion, However, no matter how horrendous the conditions, laborers were often forced to stay silent in matters in which included better working conditions and a working union. They “lacked the knowledge and access to resources to enable them to overcome the impossible working conditions.” (Sweatshops) Furthermore, many newcomers to America did not speak English, which made them vulnerable and easily preyed on by manufacturers.
One of the most serious problems that Nike’s illegal practices are responsible for is the physical, mental, and sexual abuse that the young workers might undergo in their working conditions. The children are not given proper training nor are they provided the necessary safety equipment, but they are also exposed to toxic material. They are also paid a meager stipend of an average of $1.60 a day when the necessary amount for survival is at least $3.00. They are expected to work an average of 60 to 70 hours a week. Although Nike signed a pledged to stop using workers in hazardous situations in 1998, there are still numerous companies worldwide that constantly abuse the basic rights of children.
Given the harsh working conditions that workers are put through, such as long working hours, consecutive working days without rest, and often even abuse and torture, workers are simply not paid enough in return. To begin, minimum wage levels in countries such as Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia are significantly lower than that of the United States. The federal minimum wage per hour in the United States stands at US$7.25, while it is US$1.22 in Thailand, US$0.72 in Philippines and US$0.50 in Indonesia (Wikipedia, n.d.). And yet workers are still frequently paid less than these minimums, at amounts that are barely sufficient to survive on even after considering the lower cost of living. Though many of the developing Asian countries have official minimum wage levels, the lack of reinforcements and regulations remain a huge problem (Wong,
Most of the people wonder what a sweatshop is, well a sweatshop "a factory or workshop, where manual workers are employed at meager wages for long hours and under poor conditions" (Klocker 3). These unofficial shops usually employ children between the age of 7 to 16 to do the job in hazardous conditions and with hazardous heavy machinery. According to the article published in the New York Times, many young age workers were found selling cheap goods on streets, which were produced in sweatshops. These informal workshops can be found in some underdeveloped nations such as Indonesia, Bangladesh and much more. These informal workshops employ their child workers for very long hours of shifts and pay them a very meager amount of wage.
Children are mercilessly made to work for 12-14 hours a day and are exploited physically, mentally and sexually. Apparently, in the long run the exploiters are the gainers at the cost of the hard meticulous work of the children. Innumerable jobless adults actively seek for jobs all over the country in places which provide decent working conditions and high salaries. Paradoxically, children being cheap labourers are reluctantly made to work in harsh working conditions, malnourished and hardly paid enough to feed their hungry stomachs. They are the patient sufferers of rude and insensitive evils of the world who eventually think that it is their role in life.
The Wal-Mart worker are completely like slaves working for Wal-mart with the average pay at 10 cents an hour and there are some workers who can make a profit of 36 cents a month which is horrible and no one can survive on those type of wages. Sometime they workers need to stay for over time and none of them get paid if the daily quotas of works have not met yet. Though the workers work very hard, it seems they don’t get anything in return. Sometimes the workers need to stay extra hours and no get paid if the daily quotas have not yet been met. They workers show a lot of dedication and hard work but seem to receive nothing in return.
Nike was rated to be one of the leading companies that practice child labor and sweatshops. Sweatshops is a workshop that employee works and are being paid with a very low wages for a long hours even under a very poor working environment. Nike has this workshop all over the world and report shows that Nike employees in Vietnam, Indonesia, Korean and some other Countries not mentioned earned below 25 cents per hour.Supervisors hit the workers and use abusive words, sometimes workers cannot use the bathroom or drink water without taking permission from the supervisor. It is widely found for workers to faint. In short, their working experience is a slavery
Men and women had unequal pay scales and workers were fired when they tried to start a union. Therefore, the student wanted licensees to agree to pay workers enough to live on and disclose the locations of all of their factories. Next, another disadvantages of globalization is local brands and businesses in poorer developing countries cannot survive. Once those international big brand started opening their outlets in the poorer countries, people are tend to purchase those branded products as they are having international image and high reputation. Local brands have not stable in the market and not enough capital and ability to compete with the international brands.