The statelessness issue is usually comes as a result of legal or political issue. Unfortunately, it has a highly negative impact especially on children, women, old people, and ethnically diverse people. Therefore, it has serious negative humanitarian effects for those who have no state, for example, they do not have any legal protection or any right to political participation, rather thanextreme poverty, inadequate and poor access to healthcare and education, highly travel restrictions, complexity to own property, sexual and physical harassment or violence, and poor employment prospects. States have the sovereign right to decide the processes and conditions for acquirement and suspension of citizenship, however statelessness and disputed nationalities can
Ethnic and Racial Discrimination: An Underlying Theme of Statelessness Madhulika Bhatnagar & Aastha Saxena I. INTRODUCTION The International Legal definition of a stateless person is set out under Article 1 of the 1954 Convention relating to the Stateless Persons, according to which, a stateless person is a person who is not considered a national by any state under the operation of its law. Several other definitions in this regard have been coined since the time when the problem was first encountered. A person not having a nationality under the law of any state is called statelessness, apatride, apolide or heinatlos. A stateless person has also been defined as one who is unable or unwilling to avail himself of the protection of the Government
A stateless person is a person who is not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law. Nationality determines the political status of the individual, especially with reference to allegiance . Nationality arises either by birth or by naturalisation. Universal Declaration of Human rights under Article 15 determines the “right to nationality”. Citizenship is a status of a person recognised under the custom of a law of a state that bestows on that particular person.
Article 12 of the United nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in regards to Adoption. Professor Ursula Kilkelly & Dr. Conor O’Mahony 12/01/2015 111705261 Table of Contents Abstract The right of children to be heard in adoption proceedings was generated from the provisions as laid out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child [hereinafter UNCRC] in particular Article 12 . In this assignment I will look at the provision as laid out under Article 12 UNCRC, evaluate its pros and cons and determine if it has met its objective. I will look at criticisms of the article and I will also look at ideas for reform. Introduction The process of adoption is one that has the ability to have a profound
Introduction ‘statelessness is indeed a broad human rights issue, even as it retains a distinct technical dimension’ said Guy Goodwin-Gill. Statelessness which is continuing to be a world wide sphere has effect over ten million unfortunate people which can be found around every country in the world not only one specific location. Stateless people reside in everywhere but most of them live in Asia. As in publish researches show some examples of stateless people that some are the Kenyan Nubians living in Africa, some are hill tribes living in the north of Thailand, some are indigenous group in India, some are Dominicans of Haitian descent living in the Caribbean. Most of stateless people are likely to live in one place because of movement restriction
What causes poverty? Poverty is not only in Africa, but all over the world. Each day the economic keeps getting harder and harder. As things get difficult people are losing their jobs, education path and family from thirst of water and hunger. Life is not easy that why everybody acts greedy to share with people around them.
2.6 % a year is the regional rate of increase in population in Africa (Laurence Chandy, 2015). Another cause of the poverty problem in Africa is the inequality. Inequality means the uneven distribution of wealth as many people are poor and a few percentage is very rich this makes a huge gap between the two
Just as discrimination against minorities may be a cause of statelessness, the very fact that members of a group are stateless can undermine their exercise of a broad range of human rights. Although in principle most human rights are guaranteed to everyone under the jurisdiction of the State, in practice non-citizens, including stateless persons, face obstacles in exercising these rights. These obstacles may be greater still if the stateless person also belongs to a minority group. Statelessness can be addressed by applying the norms set out in the major universal and regional human rights instruments, including those pertaining to birth registration, the right to acquire a nationality, non-discrimination in the acquisition, change and retention of nationality by men and women, and the conferral of nationality on children. The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness provides detailed guidance in this respect.
There are many causes and consequences of state failures and it is increasingly difficult to generalize them in the broad context of the African continent. Upon reviewing the literature provided on weak and failed states in Africa, many different causes and consequences were outlined and will be discussed with case studies taken from Somalia before and after its state collapse and Sierra Leone before its implosion. Some of these causes and consequences can be used interchangeably since the causes of state failure can also be consequences as they prevail and continue to maintain a weak or failed state. Also, these causes and consequences are often interrelated and reinforce each other. The most prominent causes of a weak or failed state are ethnic conflicts that divided the state, ineffective governments that unequally distribute resources, and conditional international intervention that was typically Eurocentric in ideology and therefore not compatible with systems within African traditional cultures; consequently, this led to the states’ inability to provide political goods to their people.