These raw materials were exploited for the benefit of the population because it demonstrated how these resources speak quickly and rapidly in England. Along with that, England had a trade base in their harbour and a Royal Navy that protected merchants and private traders. This allowed England to obtain maritime and colonial power in which explained how they had access to the environment. Documents 1 and 4 show how the population reacted to the resources and how they used them efficiency, which caused an advantage in England, since these raw materials were necessary for the Industrial
The steam locomotive was a major part in the American industrial revolution making transportation easier, cheaper, and faster. The steam locomotive invention started with the steam engine. "This involves water and fire, which is used to create heat. Coal, or wood is frequently the fuel that is used to create the fire, although oil was also used. The fire is used to heat the water which in turn creates the steam that causes the wheels to turn"(Transportation History).
Coal fuelled the steam engine, and the production of iron and steel took the world out of the biological old regime. Steam was also heavily utilized with characters like Newcomen and Watts in the 18th century creating steam engines to power steam machines, steam boats, and steam trains. The steam engine revolutionized transportation forever as well as the production of common goods like textiles. However, such a vast source of wealth was abused, hundreds of factories were made, and twelve million people (around six million were women and children) were working in these textile
The Industrial Revolution’s birth in England was due to: its Geography, the Agricultural Revolution, and the political stability. The first factor that contributed to the Industrial Revolution was England’s geography. “England...has been fortunate in processing the natural condition necessary for success””her harbors are plentiful, that she is not ill-off for rivers, and that no part of the country is farther than seventy miles from the sea”(doc 4). The rivers and abundant natural resources had a big role to play in the increasing demand for new technologies. Water and coal were very abundant and were used to power machines and factories.
As the slave trade became a popular industry for the nation, the demand for ships increased. Consequently, many jobs were created in the shipbuilding industry, which eventually led to a higher demand for sailors. As a result of the large number of jobs that became available, the living standards in Britain improved. With more money coming into the household of British citizens, more people were able to afford small luxuries and were able to treat themselves and their family more often. While Britain saw a growth in the job industry, factories were constructed to provide Britain with access to raw materials.
They were in need of work, so they went to the city. Later urban population kept gradually increasing until it reached 41 percent by 1851. The duration of the agricultural revolution, Britain developed mechanisms to lead its way to the industrial revolution. Series of little drastic changes, benefits from profitable trading, and feeding the population made it possible. The agricultural revolution set the stage for the industrial revolution because raw materials, workers, merchant marine, and geography had some sort of start in
However with the introduction of steam engines the demand for coal skyrocketed. Coal was needed on a much larger scale than it had ever been used before. Because of this coal mines got deeper and bigger. Mining towns, mainly in the North, would have whole communities working down a mine and it created a never before seen economic system. When the men in the town went down the mine, women had to do a variety of jobs.
One invention is the steam engine. Trains that used the steam engine made the transportation of goods more efficient. “The great breakthrough was the coal-fired steam engine, which provided an inanimate and almost limitless source of power beyond that of wind, water, or muscle and could be used to drive any number of machines as well as locomotives and oceangoing ships” (Strayer, 830). This proves that steam engines could carry vast amounts of goods which could be distributed to many people. Another invention during the industrial revolution was canned food.
The invention of steam power was one of the most important inventions that impacted the industrial revolution. In 1698 a British military engineer named Thomas Savery invented the first steam powered machine when put to the task of figuring out a way to pump the water out of the coal mines. The first steam pump was able to function through boiling water allowing it to convert into vapour (steam) which was then collected in a tank which creates a kind of suction. This vapour/steam then rotates a turbine allowing the pump to create enough energy to pump water out of the coal mines and then bigger things such as locomotives. Although this machine was the beginning of steam power, two men called Thomas Newcomb and James Watt found ways to upgrade and improve the working of a steam powered engine.
The Agricultural Revolution had led to an increased food production and increased population overall in England (Beck). This resulted in people from the country side moving into the city to work for wages, which led to an increase in demand for products such as clothing. These items of clothing were made by the textile industry. The cottage system was responsible for this -The cottage system served as transition from rural to industrial economy, this system relied on wage labor and a market to buy and sell raw materials such as cotton and clothes- however this system could not keep up with the demand of the increasing population. Another factor that supports the theory as to why The Industrial Revolution took place in England and not another country was that Britain had an abundant amount of iron and coal resources which allowed for the making and powering of new machines such as the locomotive and steam-powered machinery used