10th grade Advanced Placement World History II Summer Reading Assignment Since the last ice age, civilizations have progressed at different rates. Some developed literate societies with metal tools and innovative farming societies, while others developed illiterate hunting-gathering societies with improvised rock tools. But why has society advanced at such unlike proportions? This question, also known as Yali’s question, is the main focus of the book Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond. The book attempts to answer this question by comparing the historical developments of different continents over the last 13,000 years.
The Native American cultures in these areas had various developments that the different European cultures could use to make themselves more powerful and become strong enough to annihilate many of the Native American cultures. Mesoamerican cultures were able to become powerful and build large
Neha Chandran SQ3R Chapter 1 Analyze the first humans. About three to four million years ago, the first humans classified as hominids lived in Africa. Australopithecines were bipedal and were able to make simple tools out of stone. Louis and May Leakey discovered a hominid that they named Homo habilis. These hominids were the first to make tools.
Deep Book Review - Guns, Germs, and Steel Overview Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own? This is Yali’s question. This one simple question turned into the author, Jared Diamond’s life work. Guns, Germs, and Steel is the description of the leading theory in why some civilizations rise and others fall. A question that has been debated for eternity and some claim that this book answers it.
“The Importance of the Neolithic Revolution” is an article written by William Howells that focuses in on what the Neolithic Revolution was like all over the world. Also the definition of single site theory zeros in on what the Neolithic Revolution was like in one place. These two theories contradict and oppose each other. One theory of the Neolithic Revolution was single site theory. This was the theory that all humans were together in East Africa after the ice age instead of in different places across the earth.
West Africa had already had a religion before Islam came into the picture. Even after Islam came, Africans took a while to stop believing in animism (the belief in the existence of spirits separable from bodies) and polytheism (the belief in or worship of more than one god). In 1000 CE, Africa saw its first very important change when Muhammad and his followers came and preached the religion of Islam. African rulers, who had begun to adopt Islam, began to take over cultures still with other religions. From 1000-1500 CE, religion saw changes influenced by foreigners, political systems, social systems, and
During the Middle Preclassic Maya society saw increased social and political complexity. It also marked interaction with other Mesoamerican groups. Evolution of society to a more complex society can be seen in the development of large public works, carved monuments, and evidence of warfare. These developments would have been fueled by increased food production, expansion of trade, and the rise of craft specialization. There is also evidence of an elite
While it is clear that with evolution came about more sophisticated and complex behavior due to the increase in brain use and size, when you compare hominid brains to modern human brains, modern human brains, by far, possess the largest and most complex brains, which is self-explanatory given the fact that while hominids were intelligent creatures, modern humans are far more advanced in their intelligence and capabilities. This brain size
The emergence of the Olmec civilization within the American web Compared to their counterparts of the Old World Web, the metropolitan webs in the Americas have emerged at a later date and in distinguished dimensions. The Olmec civilization is considered to be one of the earliest appearing civilizations in Central America, which is also known as Mesoamerica. As a part of the Human Web, the Olmec civilization contributed to the exchange and spread of knowledge and information, having its own impact on the earth´s history. Factors such as cooperation and competition have also been important elements for the thickening and growing human webs throughout Mesoamerica (McNeill and McNeill 3-6). How could this particular civilization be situated
According to science, Human evolution is the extensive progression of many different changes man went through from its original ape-like ancestor. Evidence that scientists have collected over the decades show that there are some physical and behavioral characteristics that primates and humans share. And that the fossils that scientists have found in Africa regarding early man, show that there was a evolutionary split between early man and ape about eight to six million years ago. From what science tells us, Humans are primates. There are many physical and genetic resemblances that show that modern man, Homo sapiens, are very closely related to another group of primates, known as apes.
This resulted in a very organized society with many specialized careers such as farmers to warriors and so on. Now that there are so many specialized people around it was possible to build big buildings much more easily than before they had people with specialized jobs. Some structures they built were pyramids or Sumerian
In the book Guns,Germs and Steels, Jared Diamond illuminates how and why the human societies of different continents followed widely divergent pathways of development over the past 13,000 years. However, Mcneil thinks, though Diamond makes a good case for the critical importance of continental differences in the wild plant and animal species available as starting material for domestication, he puts too much effort to reduce history to the level of biological science. In my perspective, Diamond frames his book around “Yali’s questions”, and his answers to those questions are simple in principle but complex in detail. One of the most important viewpoints of Jared Diamond is that he proposes, before culture was advanced enough, small differences