One example of their architecture that shows how important their gods were to them is the Deffufa. The Deffufa is a large block built from masonry mud and the palaces and temples were placed on top of this. This is very similar to how Cahokia was set up, the elite members were closest to the gods and the gods were held above all others in terms of importance. The Deffufa was found in the city of Kerma, and it is believed that this was a Nubian ceremonial place. The Deffufa is still an important ceremonial location today and many people visit it.
1.The name for the Egyptian art piece is named Menkaure and a Queen and is measured at 4 feet 8 inches high and located at Museum of Fine Arts,Boston. Its medium is Greywacke previously supplemented with some red/black paint. http://arthistoryresources.net/menkaure/menkauredescription.html The title of the Grecian art piece is Metropolitan Kouros and is measured at 6 ft. high and located Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Both of these artworks peaked my interest because of their historical value. The Laocoon Group sculpture and Theodora and Her Attendants are both beautiful pieces. San Vitale’s work is very detailed and the fact that it’s made from mosaic is even more impressive to me because I’m sure this took a while to complete. This picture represents one of my favorite times in history, the Roman Empire 527-565.
Share elements of two objects suggest the figure’s association to religious ritual. Elements presented in both pieces are trapezoidal head, elongated open eyes, marked brow line, wide protruding nose, and open mouth with full lips. Idealized facial features are common in Teotihuacan representation of peoples, as can be found in many ceramic and stone masks, murals, and figurines. Teotihuacan masks played a funerary role. For instance, ceramic masks found at Tetitla and Yayahuala apartment were likely attached to funerary bundles as the visual on the ceramic incense burners illustrate the way they may have been used (Markman).
Egyptian Art The Significance of the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt The tomb structures represent the great architectural designs of ancient Egypt. Interestingly, the development of the tomb structures dates back to the time of Predynastic Architecture (3100 BCE),when the Egyptian societies in both Lower and Upper Egypt followed different burial customs. This made the tomb buildings to varygreatly at the time.
The caste system was a widely used practice among many civilizations. it was what developed social organization in both positive and negative ways for some civilizations. For example, in Babylonia, during Hammurabi 's time, rights were given based on a caste system. The Indians caste system had their priests (Brahmins) as the highest due to how strongly they believed in their religion. The Egyptians caste system had their pharaohs at the top of their caste system because of how well they respected their rulers.
Senenmut was another architect from the eighteenth dynasty, who is worthy to be remembered for his fascinating building constructions. Senenmut held a long list of almost eighty titles, inscribed on his statues. The titles describe him as an architect, government official and the tutor of the king’s daughter. He was a commoner who would have elevated to his position through his great achievements. He was trusted by the king, to be the tutor of his daughter Neferure, and this can be seen depicted in seven of his status (Fig. 5).
The Mycenaean culture was formed around the city of Mycenae around the times of 1600 and 1100 b.c.e. Similar to the Egyptians and Minoans, Mycenaean culture is known for its palaces and temples. Like the Egyptians, the Mycenaeans also had elaborate burial customs and tombs. It is obvious that this culture had a lot of contact with the Egyptians and share similar styles and tastes. One of the reasons for this contract was for the gold that the Mycenaeans got from Egypt and Nubia.
The lotus flower appeared in the ancient Egyptian iconography and mythology as one of the most commonly occurring motifs in Egyptian art. The lotus is depicted being carried, worn, displayed in bouquets, presented as an offering and it is one of the frequently employed structural elements. It is also used in architecture, as the lotus- form capitals were used from the Old Kingdom. The lotus was important to the ancient Egyptians to the extent that it could be described as a national symbol, which referred as the vegetation power of the Nile.
The ancient artifact Stele of Naram-Sin, dates back to the time of r. 2254-2218 BCE. This piece was from Sipper and was found at Susa Iran. The artifact is made from an eye-catching pink limestone, which is a type of rock combined with calcium carbonate. The height of this monument is 6’6” (1.98 m) and can now be found in Musée du Louvre, Paris. This artifact is a fairly large upright stone, conveying many aspects of the culture that were practiced and portrayed back then.
During my visit at the National Museum of the American Indian in Manhattan I encountered a painting created by Dallin Maybee. He is from the Northern Arapaho tribe, this tribe is from the Great Plains. This artist specializes in ledger art. A ledger artist creates art on ledgers. Native Americans are known to use ledgers for their artwork.
The Potlatch is a ceremonial feast held by tribes of Northwest Indians in North America. Members of these tribes would gather and save their possessions for many years, only to then give away or destroy their wealth during the Potlatch ceremony. To those who don’t share the culture of the American Indians, this can be a strange concept to understand; however, there are many benefits to the tradition such as gaining relationships and status and preventing abuse of power. The goods given away or destroyed at a Potlatch included money, canoes, flour, kettles, dishes, sewing machines, blankets, masks, and coppers.
The Paleo Indian Era began over 10,000-15,000 years ago. Paleo Indians were believed to have migrated to the United States from Asia, via Beringia (mow the Bering Strait) These migrant settlers were believed to be hunter gathers’. Upon their settlement, these tribes, acquired different languages, beliefs and over a thousand years late; would being the process of plant cultivation, allowing for their culture to evolve over the years. The Paleo Indians carried an assortment of tools to allow for hunting, skinning, and preparation of their kills.