The discussion on whether parents have the right to decide on the use of embryonic stem cells that are attained from their new born baby is quite an open question considering the fact that it touches religious and societal morals as a whole. The study of embryonic stem cells has taken a turn for better as scientists and they have captured the imaginations of scientists and non-scientists and has sparked a debate on whether or not attaining the stem cells in units and storing them for use on humans to help treat human beings from their illnesses and diseases and possibly rid the world of certain diseases. The two opposing sides have two different views on the way that this study should be approached. This essay will touch base on both views of the different sides and draw a conclusion from the result. Embryonic stem cells are cells that can be taken from embryos that have been fertilized through in vitro fertilization.
Globally, scientists are turning to stem cell research as the most promising step to curing many of the harshest diseases and conditions including cancer, Alzheimer’s, stroke, paralysis and many more. Stem cells are useable as a replacement for damaged cells because of their self renewing properties. Their form allows them to act as other types of cells and regenerate as a substitute for the affected cells or as a way of testing new medications. Stroke related disabilities alone account for more than 1.2 million people and millions more are impacted by other cell related disabilities making stem cell research an essential pursuit in order to make strides in medicine (Cunningham 368). However, the success of researchers has been limited as the
However, in order to progress it is important to consider these and other questions. Just accepting things for the way they are both restricts and frees the mind. Conversely, to search for answers and believing them wholeheartedly is dangerous. With the rejection of religion, people have turned to science. This conversation appears to be good in many ways, however, the science has simply created another belief system - one just as intolerant.
This process is very unethical. This can lead to genetic defects, it limits genetic diversity, and it can be taken to very extreme levels. ` To start us off, genetically engineering a baby can be very unsafe for it and lead to genetic defects. Scientists don’t know everything about the human body yet, and because of this, if we end up modifying something, it could end up affecting something important that we didn’t know about. We also can’t predict the outcome of the modification yet.
For instance, de Araujo states that people may develop new cognitive capacities and eradicate diseases with the help of genetic modification (26). This argument is not baseless as science often focuses on the need to prevent genetic diseases from spreading. Nevertheless, the described the process resembles artificial selection and bares a profoundly unethical tone. As the author notes, many people compare this methodology with eugenics and highlight the adverse outcomes to human enhancement. The issue of the so-called gifted children comes into question while discussing one's ambition to modify the human gene.
Ethics of Gattaca In recent discussions of the film Gattaca by Andrew Niccol, a controversial issue has been whether pre-implantation genetic diagnosis which is diagnosing a persons diseases before they are born using their genetics is ethical. On the one hand, some argue that the use of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is unethical. From this perspective, to discard babies who's lives would be greatly effected and much harder than others due to diseases that could be diagnosed before birth is unethical. Humans should not be able to “play God” or in other words decide another human’s fate no matter what. On the other hand, however, others argue that it is unethical not to use technology such as pre-implantation genetic diagnosis because
With millions of animals in testing, the controversy over whether or not animals should be used in experiments rises. Animals should not be used in experimentation. It can be seen as cruel and inhumane. Alternative methods can also replace the need for animals in testings. Additionally, animals are unalike from humans, possibly creating poor
The controversy over stem cell research is one of the most heated and debated issues in today’s society. The higher cost of such therapy makes it an ethical concern as this will not be within our means for the ordinary person (Dresser, 2010). The costs associated with research and clinical trials will be through the roof, but these costs will reduce as time and our knowledge evolves. Once successful, it will inevitably become a trend in the future. Stem cell therapy is at its beginning stages and already we see results that we once thought were inconceivable.
But, if no spare embryo is created and the original embryo is tested and not implanted because it is damaged by the procedure, it is also a waste of human potential. Even more people don’t support cloning because of the rights that all humans, both born and yet to be born, have. One of these is a right to have parents, or to have genes from two individuals. However, this argument is based off of the misconception that many people have, which is that a clone is the child of a nucleus donor. In fact, they are the donor’s twin sibling and have the same genetic parents as the donor.
People continue to believe that vaccination cause autism because of the way our mind is set up. Our mind is set up to come with solution to a new problem based on the past information related to the current problem or based on previous experience, sometimes this can be good, however it can lead us to ignore the other side of the coin, and make conclusion based on little or no information, and refuse to change our beliefs after find out more information. We don’t want to admit that we are wrong. We look for evidences to support our own false beliefs instead of changing our beliefs. Michael Spector is a professor of pediatrics at the Harvard school of public health.