In his plays Shaw had tried to depict contrasting views on the nature of human being for the sake of dramatic effect. It is obvious that his purpose was aware his reader and make them realize their individual identity and he was not a critic but he just try to give his message through his writings. He was criticized by the critics because he had chosen a totally different style of writing as compare to other writers of his age. But if we go through his great works we would come to know that G.B Shaw’s social reformation is hidden in his rebellion
We know that life in reality gives no obvious moral lessons to the observer. So, how a realistic portrayal of life could be didactic and moralistic, in the strict sense of the term and serve as an honest, frank and realistic portrayal of life, simultaneously. The question also arises that how a writer can become a moralist on one hand and depicts an honest representation of life on the other hand. Does it mean that a writer must instruct and teach at the cost of realism? Does the Critic want Shakespeare to be an instructor of life instead of giving a true representation of life in his works?
Art and morality are intrinsically related and go hand in hand in shaping and influencing our society and their complexity has been argued and discussed upon since their origin. In his Republic , Plato saw the function of the actor as bogus, presenting a dangerous illusion of reality, and masking the truth of existence by the pretense of acting. Aristotle, in The Poetics, saw the role of the actor somewhat differently, suggesting that by witnessing pity and fear (in his view the essence of tragedy) on stage, an audience could experience a catharsis of the emotions associated with real tragic events, without having to experience them as first-hand participants. Since then, the 'stand-off ' between those who have seen art as having a direct impact on morality, and those who have asserted its independence, has persisted.  Art broadens our horizon, gives birth to revolutionary ideas and innovations.
The roots of third force movement were found in philosophical speculation and literary works, which represents a sort of wishful thinking that is not factually correct. Many concepts of humanistic psychology are so vague which defy verification. Although it did not generate a comprehensive alternative to behaviorism, it has exerted an impact on clinical applications. It paved the way for the development of positive psychology and brought the benefit of diverse perspectives on the nature of psychological
The title of F.R.Leavis’ critique on Othello itself depicts the entire critique. The main title of his critique “Diabolic Intellect and the Noble Hero” suggests the Bradley’s point of view of analyzing Othello, which according to Leavis is sentimental approach towards Othello. Leavis accused Bradley and other critics who supported Bradley’s point of view for not being objective. And thus he called them sentimental and their critique “Sentimentalist’s Othello”. According to Leavis, because of the collective opinion about Othello, it essence suffers.
Rather than a discrete world in which behaviors are judged according to traditional modes of intelligibility, Godot presents a kind of dialectic, shocking the audience by the conjunction (or disjunction) between the play and real life. In this sense, Waiting for Godot (and Absurd plays in general) accomplishes the inverse of The Well-Made Play; because, while the Well-Made Play presents an imbalance which must be resolved internally in the action, Godot creates an imbalance that is not resolved internally, but externalized in the
Unfortunately many people have inadequate morals, and a lot of individuals fail, or just refuse, to see the difference between just and unjust. The concepts utilitarianism (welfare), and libertarianism (freedom), are arguments of virtue, meaning they are in favor of solutions that are morally right. These concepts refer to two pieces of literature: “Justice” by Michael Sandel, and “Antigone” by Sophocles. Utilitarianism is best applied to these texts and most specifically demonstrated through the actions of King Creon in the play Antigone. Utilitarianism, an argument of welfare decided the solution to all problems is to choose the option that benefits the
Rossiter argues that what one makes of the ending… depends on what one makes of the Duke. Interestingly, however, he also says: “I do not quite know what to make of the Duke” (Rossiter 164). The dilemma seems to be based on the fact that the play itself offers us a choice between positive and negative attitudes towards the Duke and his use of
Suspension of disbelief is most clearly understood through the view that the rejection of critical faculties or the sacrifice of reason in the development of knowledge. The objective of this suspension as it has different implications based on context: as it is defined in the question, suspension in theatre has the capability to give humans enjoyment or heartbreak which mainly emotional qualities are. However, this end goal may change depending on the area of knowledge in context. For example, the goal of suspension in other art forms like literature may be to teach ethical concepts, so emotional gain is not always the objective. Secondly the title outlines that suspension must be essential to the area of knowledge; hence, the growth of knowledge
This is an attempt to understand Samuel Beckett’s characterization, use of language and setting in his play 'Endgame' and to explore the manner in which it reveals his tendency to employ some existentialist concepts such as despair and anxiety. Existentialism is a philosophical movement which focuses on an individual's existence rejecting the absolute reason. There are a number of reasons for the concept of 'Existentialism' to come in the history of thought. Firstly, rational sciences could not prove that they were absolute, and thus, existence of absolute truth was put to question. Secondly, and more importantly people had lost their belief in the existence of a divine being, that is God, owing to the wars and losses they faced in these wars.