Stephen Hawking: What Are Black Holes In The Science World

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What are black holes? How did the universe begin? Although these are common questions that people have asked for hundreds of years, they remain unanswered. However, in recent times, a few important scientists have made groundbreaking discoveries that are slowly shaping our understanding of these mysteries. One of the most influential of these scientists is Stephen Hawking. Hawking has won a countless amount of prestigious awards demonstrating his importance in the science world. His discoveries are crucial for understanding what happened at the beginning of the universe and what could happen in the future. Stephen Hawking is one of the most important scientists ever because of his research on the universe, the work he has done to help society…show more content…
His studies could potentially give us a clearer idea of what the beginning of the universe looked like. Part of Hawking’s work focuses on a theory that would “[merge] quantum mechanics with Einstein’s theory of relativity, to produce a full quantum theory of gravity” (Astronomy & Space 2). This would be called the Grand Unified Theory. A theory like this could be as important as Einstein’s theory of relativity or quantum mechanics themselves if he can accomplish it. In addition to this broad theory, Hawking studies more specific parts of the universe, mainly black holes. He researches singularities of black holes, which are places where “the curvature of space and time become infinite and Einstein’s general relativity is of no use in describing space and time” (“Hawking Makes Pioneering Discoveries” 3). According to Stephen Hawking, the big bang was a singularity, and thus understanding singularities could help scientists answer the age-old question of what the beginning of our universe looked like (49). Lastly, Hawking’s work has won him worldwide recognition and praise. He has been called “the most brilliant theoretical physicist since Albert Einstein,” and has won numerous awards such as the Royal Society’s Copley Medal and the Albert Einstein award (“Stephen Hawking” World of Physics 1-3). This demonstrates the importance of his…show more content…
His brilliance is obvious in his writing and teaching, yet he has a remarkable ability to use simpler terms that people can understand when explaining his work. Hawking wrote a bestselling book called A Brief History of Time, which explains complicated ideas of science in simple terms (Astronomy & Space 2). This book is important because it could help people discover a passion for science by simplifying the complex, hard to understand topics of science. After publishing this book, many people requested another: “In 2005, Hawking published A Briefer History of Time. The book was a response to people who read his earlier book and wanted an even clearer and more concise explanation of Hawking’s theories” (Astronomy & Space 2). The publication of this book shows how willing Hawking is to explain science and help people understand science, no matter how much knowledge of it they possess. In addition to publishing books, he directly taught students at the same university he once attended: “In 1979, Hawking was named Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge--a position held three centuries earlier by Sir Isaac Newton” (“Stephen Hawking” World of Physics 2). This further demonstrates Hawking’s ability to teach others and help them understand science, and proves his intellect by showing that he had the same job as Newton. Hawking’s

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