Stereotype - what is a stereotype really? As Wikipedia states , “In social psychology, a stereotype is a thought that can be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of doing things. These thoughts or beliefs may or may not accurately reflect reality.” The definition ,as according to The Oxford Dictionary, simplifies it a bit : “A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.” The term stereotype derives from the Greek words “stereos” meaning firm or solid; and “typos” meaning impression; hence "solid impression". However, this is just a fundamental definition; there are various different theories and concepts that further expand the true meaning of stereotyping. All these theories share the basic notion of stereotyping stated above.
This report impliments vague language through semantic and pragmatic aspects and categories of vagueness, as well as clarifys vagueness, generality and ambiguity. Generally, the use of vagueness is influenced by various factors, such as culture differences, values, thought patterns and religions. Vagueness can occur in communication under both objective and subjective conditions. One of the objective conditions is that the concept itself is unclear, which means the words or expressions themselves have more than one meaning. Another is that the speaker may forget or lack the knowledge of the certain facts of what they are talking about.
However, there are criticisms for both the stronger and weaker forms of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Among the criticisms of the strong form of the hypothesis is that the link between linguistic behaviour and the perceptual difference is arbitrary. The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis is based on different vocabulary systems and grammatical structures. Whorf (1940) claimed if one language has several different words for some closely related objects and another language refers to these objects by a single word, then the speaker of the first language must note perceptually the characteristics that distinguish the objects, whereas the speaker of the second language need not. In this way, speakers do not have the same mental picture of the objects.
Stereotypes are opinions built from what some people in a group have reflected to make the opinion. They tend to be exaggerated due to it only being valid for some people in the group while most of the group is the complete opposite. Stereotypes are oversimplified images of groups of people that have been built from some people in the group.
Stereotypes affect individuals who perhaps like different things or do different activities, but feel ashamed of doing so because of the stereotype put on them due to society. Stereotypes happen because people assume there must be something important that led to a groups common classification in the first place, something that makes the group essentially similar. Stereotypes form when the brain makes snap judgments based on visible characteristics such as the group, class, or category of a
Usually, when reflecting about someone’s personality, we think about what makes one person different from another or perhaps even unique and this question refers to individual differences. It is not easy to describe or explain how individuals develop particular ways of interacting with the world. This is another issue of individual differences (Huffman, Vernoy, Williams & Vernoy, 1991). Since earlier times type theories has dominated the investigations of individual differences (Mischel,
It also gave types of examples of the communication barriers. • What the Barriers of communication consists of In this section it discuss the how the relationship of the sender of the receivers affects the flow of the communication. If the relationship is good the flow will continue. • Types of Barriers In this section it talks about the miscommunication between the two parties through not understanding the message. • Psychological Barriers This section tries to identify the problems we may have or can get into with communication, due to our personal misunderstands on how we see things.
Have you ever been in a situation where you’ve been judged by what people think of you and not by who you truly are? This is called a misconception and can also be known as stereotyping. Stereotypes and misconceptions are used to look at a group of people in a certain way based on what society has made them seem like. Stereotypes is known as one's beliefs based on some truths, usually exaggerated, to categorize a group of people. Misconceptions are formed from stereotypes and are usually rumors with no truth behind it.
For Jakobson, the term function is considered to be a synonym of use at a linguistic and semantic level. Yet, when dealing with the use of language, it is related to the way people use language at a pragmatic level. Therefore, when we refer to the functions of language, we are actually talking about the properties of language and the purposes it is used for usually organised by specific topics which shall lead us to more general organizations in terms of communicative intentions, that is, macrofunctions. Several classifications of macrofunctions have been attempted, but, as it has been mentioned before, Jakobson's theory seems to be the clearest and most influential model. As it has already been said, Jakobson establishes macrofunctions