Throughout the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird,” written by Harper Lee, the readers can see how Scout changes her view about Boo Radley. Because of their nosiness, Jem, Scout, and Dill try to drag Boo out his house and to the outside world. Their innocent actions combined with Boo’s actions changed the image of Boo, in their minds, from “a malevolent phantom” (10), a person who kills cats and eats squirrels to a neighbor they can trust, who saves them from Bob Ewell. Scout says at the end, “Boo was our neighbor” (373). The readers can see a great change in their relationship.
As Ethan and Mattie are eating, the cat interferes by causing the dish to fall. The plate breaks into multiple pieces. The dish mainly represents the broken relationship of Ethan and his wife, Zeena, after Mattie arrives. Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton uses a pickle dish to symbolize Ethan and Zeena’s relationship in the past, and future.
After Jaja defies his father’s teachings, society begins to fall apart. Jaja’s disobedience causes others to detect flaws in their lifestyle. Kambili begins to become her own person, and Mama stands up to Papa. She slowly poisoned his tea, which eventually killed him. “Jaja did not wait for their questions; he told them he had used rat poison, that he put in in Papa’s tea” (Adichie 291).
The film almost seemed to portray the death of the first girl, the one with the basket of yellow plums, as an accident. It was as if Grenouille was trying to stop her screaming with his hand over her mouth, and then suddenly realised she was dead. In the book, I definitely got the sense that it was deliberate, and that he killed her entirely because he wanted to possess her scent, but it disappeared because he had no means to preserve it. This was what motivated him to train as a perfumer and learn how to preserve scents, so he could set about recreating hers through the scents of other murdered virgins (who are also much younger in the book, around thirteen years old). As far as I could tell reading the book, there was absolutely nothing sexual about it.
A very similar thing happens in To Kill a Mockingbird, when Bob Ewell accuses Tom Robinson of raping his daughter Mayella, but Atticus proves that it was most likely Bob who did it. Bob Ewell, Mayella’s dad, the person who should be protecting her at all costs. The most common injustice in the novel appears when the kids find the case between Tom Robinson and the Ewell family to be unfair, highly illogical, and racist. When the verdict of guilty is revealed to the town, Jem becomes upset and says, “You just can’t convict a man on evidence like that- you can’t”
Jesus died in the place of sinners on the cross, the greatest act of self-sacrifice, and Atticus in To Kill a Mockingbird attempts to imitate that self-sacrifice in some kind of way. The most obvious example of Atticus’ self-sacrifice in To Kill a Mockingbird takes place when he chooses to defend a poor, helpless black man, even while knowing that he would be risking his life in doing so. Although Atticus’ actions do not come close to Christ’s sacrifice, he did give everything for a helpless black man who could not defend himself. Similarly, Jesus laid down his life to save lowly, worthless sinners on the cross, even though he was the Son of God. Thus, Atticus’ defense of Tom Robinson does manifest in some way Christ’s death in the place of
However almost everyday Jem finds toys or random objects in the tree out front of the Radleys house. This gives Jem the idea that Boo isn 't some horrible monster after all. “Atticus believes Jem killed Ewell in self-defense, but Tate makes him realize that Boo Radley actually stabbed Ewell and saved both children 's lives.”(lee 28) This quote shows that the children had been put in a situation where the so-called “monster” Boo Radley saved their lives and they now could look at him not as some maniac but a hero and regular person who stays inside to protect himself from the stereotypes and cruelty of the world because of something people had said and that had been spread throughout the
She learns this from Atticus in a couple of ways. One way is when Atticus tells Scout not to judge Miss Caroline. Scout is very angry with Miss Caroline and thinks she is a mean, prissy person. Scout is told to walk around in Miss Caroline’s skin to see where she is coming from. Even though she doesn’t necessarily understand it, she later learns that she shouldn’t judge people so quickly, and applies it when she meets a new person.
The novel To Kill a Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee explores this idea of judging others before looking at the world from their perspective. Scout and Jem, although raised in a prejudice town, learn from their father Atticus that who a person is racially, does not define them as a person. Although the children make up stories about Arthur “Boo” Radley to pass the time in part one of the novel, in part two the Tom Robinson situation widens their eyes to the biased ways of their town. In the end, Jem and Scout are rescued by Boo Radley, the very person they feared during their childhood. Mockingbirds are used as a symbol in the novel to portray the fact that innocent and caring people are sometimes the most abused.
An additional example to why Atticus has courage is when “Tim Johnson” a well known town dog, is going rabid and Atticus is called upon by Heck Tate to put him down. What is so Courageous about Atticus doing the job of putting down the dog is that he had to reveal an unearth his marksmanship skill that he wished to be kept hidden in order to keep his kids safe. As Miss Maudie said regarding Atticus’s marksmanship “I think maybe he put his gun down when he realized that God had given him an unfair advantage over most living things.” (Lee.130) These examples are great illustrations to why Atticus is a character with exceedingly high courage.
Later, Jem discovers that she was sick and addicted to painkillers. Through this experience, Jem learns not to condemn people right away because everyone is fighting their own battle. Atticus represents the theme of tolerance all throughout the novel To Kill a Mockingbird. He is a moral man and keeps everyone in check in his society.
The children in particular think that Boo is a bad person and is a man they should be scared of, but he has only ever shown kindness towards the children. This is first shown after Jem retrieved his pants from the schoolyard, telling Scout,“ ‘...they were folded across the fence...like they were expectin’ me’ ” (Lee 58). This proves that someone knew why Jem had lost his pants, which only Jem, Dill, and Scout knew. The children had been at the Radley house earlier that evening, so it is very likely that Boo saw the children from inside and knew they were out.
One response, from the newspaper writer/editor, Mr. Underwood, highlights what some of the few progressive residents stand for, all with some underlying symbolism. “He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children” (Lee 323). In this quote readers see how Lee uses a very minor character, who is white, to represent the feelings of some of Maycomb’s residents. Additionally, this is relevant to the theme because few people would be surprised if Tom Robinson’s death wasn’t even mentioned, and yet Mr. Underwood subjects his readers to a most poetic interpretation of Tom Robinson’s death, which he believes shouldn’t have happened. Additionally, one can assume that Mr. Underwood likens Tom’s death to the death of a mockingbird (a songbird) as it is stated earlier in the book, by Ms. Maudie, that “ …’they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us.
When stereotyped characters are employed successfully in a novel, they can be very beneficial in achieving the author’s purpose. In the book To Kill A Mockingbird, the author’s main purpose is to convey the societal norms of racism, ignorance depending on class, how innocence can be destroyed due to prejudice, and even sexism in the 1930s. Rhetorical devices can be used to create a connection to the reader and improve the flow of paragraphs. Harper Lee uses metaphor, ethos, logos, and the stereotyped characters of Tom Robinson, Scout Finch, Atticus Finch and the jury to help portray the societal normalities of the 1930s town of Maycomb, Alabama.