Blood clotting occurs during an injury to a blood vessel, the blood and platelets bind together to from a jelly like substance called clot. C. Platelet, that play a fundamental role in this process also have deadly disorders. 1. Thrombocytopenia is the over production of platelets 2. This disorder leads to too much blood clotting 3.
Usually when somebody has a heart attack, people sometimes wait a while before seeking the much needed medical attention. It is extremely important that the patients gets medical treatment as soon as possible after the occurrence of the myocardial infarction as this increases the chances of their survival. CAUSES Myocardial infarction is usually caused by a blockade in the blood supply of the heart muscles. This can occur when there is the hardening of the arterial walls, or if there is an thrombus or embolism in the blood vessels and this reduces the amount of blood that can go through. If there is a complete block, then this can cause the area where the blood vessel supplies the blood to undergo necrosis which is also known as heart attack.
The pleural space begins to fill causing the-the mediastinum to maneuver around, which can lead to disruption of the airflow and pulmonary circulation. Once the air circulation is disrupted the patient begins to compensate. Tension pneumothorax can be misleading if not realizing to symptoms. A patient with tension pneumothorax is going to have chest pain caused by the lung collapsing. The patient will experience respiratory distress causing the patient to breath faster because they are not getting the proper amount of oxygen, respiratory distress can lead to altered mental status and diminished breath
Endovenous laser treatment is one of the most popular treatments to remove varicose veins and there is good reason for this. It is minimally invasive, requires very little, if any, recovery time and has no post-procedure pain. You can say goodbye to unsightly bulging, twisted veins, swollen legs, itching and pain. Endovenous means inside the vein and ablation means heat. A catheter is guided into the affected vein using ultrasound, and a thin laser fiber is threaded into the catheter, which is then pulled out.
Blood doping. An illegal way of increasing the athletic performance by increasing the blood’s ability to carry more oxygen to the muscles. It increases the quantity of the haemoglobin in the blood stream. Haemoglobin is the carrying agent of oxygen through the blood. The fact that more blood is being brought from from the lungs to the muscles, this higher amount of blood can increase the level of the athlete.
 Explaination: The harder the heart works to push the blood ,the greater the force is on the arteries Blood pressure is expressed in terms of millimeter of mercury above the surrounding atmospheric pressure.Blood pressure readings have two numbers i.e top number and bottom number.The top number is called Systolic pressure.The bottom number is called Diastolic pressure.The blood flows through arteries and it delivers all necessary oxygen and nutrients the body needs to be healthy. Such a force occurs throughout the vascular system.  Systemic arterial blood pressure is most commonly called as blood pressure.However,measurement of pressures in the pulmonary vessels and venous system plays an important role in intensive care medicine.Blood pressure is influenced by the heart rate ,the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the ease with which blood travels through the body.The difference between the measured systolic and diastolic pressures is called pulse pressure.
Intestinal ischemia Overview: Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel. The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition. Causes: The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely.
The thrombin also promotes platelet aggregation. The fibrin stabilizes the platelet aggregates forming a platelet-fibrin thrombus. The formation of this thrombus on the device is bad as it can block the flow of blood to crucial organs including the heart and it can have fatal consequences. Thrombus formation on artificial devices is the result of both platelet activation and
There is a side effect, it can causes severy dehydration which mean it occurs when athlete use or lose more fluid than they take in and their body doesn’t have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. Like when sportspeople are playing boxing with their partner, they will feel not well in their body because by taking diuretics, it can influence body cannot have enough water to use in their body. As human, we should have enough water in our body so can active in any particular sports. If they don’t replace lost fluids, they will get dehydrated as long as they take diuretics during sports. The others affect of it also can dry athlete’s mouth (Ogbru, 2014, p.4).
Timmy’s cartilage plates around the larynx are probably severely damaged and this can compromise the airways and let the air to escape into his neck and chest. The trachea could be further damaged and as well as the esophagus. If in the moment of the punch he had breathed in, the air he had inhaled can’t escape through its normal way. That’s why it will find another way out.
A pacemaker can either regularly send out signals to keep heart rate on track or sense when the heart rate is too fast or too slow and react accordingly. Maze heart surgery is more complex. Several incisions are made into the heart and scar tissue is allowed to form. The scar tissue interferes with the irregular electrical impulses that cause the heart to beat abnormally and slows the heart rate as a
Systolic and Diastolic Heart Failure Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood for the body due to a weakened or damaged heart. The heart 's pumping action moves oxygen-rich blood as it travels from the lungs to the left atrium, then on to the left ventricle, which pumps it to the rest of the body. The left ventricle supplies most of the heart 's pumping power, so it 's larger than the other chambers and essential for normal function. (American Heart Association). In left-sided or left ventricular heart failure, the left side of the heart must work harder to pump the same amount of blood.
A Urinalysis can also be used to see if you are effected by the disease. So what exactly is rhabdomyolysis? It is an imbalance in the muscle that happens when the muscle tissue of an affected area breaks down quickly, which can release its toxins into your blood stream. This can be caused by a hard hit to a muscle, causing muscle injury, as well as from the use of certain narcotics and even severe dehydration (Cervellin 2010). As learned in the course muscles are composed of sarcolemma which is the membrane that is composed of many Na+, K+ and Na+, CA+ channels that when a muscle is injured , stop functioning
Pseudoaneurysm A pseudoaneurysm happens when an artery is injured and blood leaks out to form a sac-like bulge. The bulge can break open, causing bleeding in the nearby tissues. CAUSES The most common cause of this condition is a procedure such as an angiogram in which a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery. After an angiogram, the insertion site on the artery should close back up all the way. If it does not, blood may leak out of the artery.