In this chapter, he presents a strong argument supporting this notion of accumulative advantage that can help predict success for individuals. This sociological phenomenon makes logical sense, that those who experience advantages in certain aspects of life at a young age would continue to separate themselves from those deprived of such opportunity. He applies this phenomenon to a wide variety of situations further supporting his argument. One example Gladwell presents is that statistically hockey players born directly after the eligibility age-class cutoff are more likely to succeed. Why?
Often times we think that the more we pay people, the better results will get, but this not the case at all. Research shows, instead, that the creativity of intrinsic motivation gives the best results when it comes to work for personal rewards and not external motivation. In Outliers, Gladwell, talks about how we underestimate the extent to which success happens because of things the individual has nothing to do with. How many patterns can find in the lives of successful people in remarkable. Max Ross of the Minneapolis Star Tribune writes, Gladwell never questions that the foundations of success are hard work, ambition, and ability.
Gladwell’s emphasis on external factors made me much more thankful for the opportunities that I am given. Going to a challenging, private school, I am at an advantage compared to the majority of the world’s population. However, reading this book also gave me insight into the complexity of success. Growing up, society has always taught me that if I work hard, then I will be successful. Although this is a nice principle in theory, Gladwell argues that this is an illusion.
He contributed a great amount to the way businesses are run today. In his day, the world seemed to be run on monopolies. As people saw that this was unfair, they ruled him out, and demanded better business. By doing this, monopolies were ended, and many other smaller companies were formed. In the long run, this helped more people because rather being focused on one man, the companies were focused on their workers as well.
Malcom Gladwell, the author of The Outliers, analyzes the factors to success based on real-life example. Through statistical facts and logical reasoning, he attempts to prove how success is more than just hard work and being intelligent. He supports his arguments with accurately calculated statistical facts to gain the trust of his audience and to work towards 2proving his points. Gladwell determines the reasons of success by comparing well-known successful people and finding commonalities between those people. Gladwell does not believe anyone can be a self-made man.
Steve Jobs 2005 Commencement Address at Stanford University, Steve Jobs talks about his experience when he had been diagnosed with cancer. The doctor had told him that he need to prepare to pass away soon. That same day, he went back to get a biopsy the doctor found that his cancer was curable. This experience made him realize every day is not promised.
Intrinsic factors critically considered when people think about the main components of success. However, Malcolm Gladwell, a famous writer, contradicts this tendency through the book, Outliers. The book, Outliers insists that extrinsic factors define success rather than the intrinsic ones. Nonetheless, Gladwell himself goes against the topic of Outliers in his assertion: “if you work hard enough and assert yourself, and use your mind and imagination, you can shape the world to your desires (Gladwell, 2008).” The assertion implies that individuals could achieve success only with those intrinsic factors.
In "Outliers: The story of success", Malcom Gladwell explained and gave examples of ways to be successful. There are many ways that Gladwell mentioned, such as luck, practice, background, family, and culture. There are many more of course, but I will save time. There are three of which I think are the most important, these being Intelligence, Social Skills, and Location; and these are explanations as to why I think these are the most important.
Co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc, Steve Jobs, in his commencement speech at stanford university, illustrates three distinguishable points of his life. Jobs’ is very successful in his approach to inspire the graduates by speaking on the experience and insight he has gained. Jobs has a simplistic yet elegant tone and diction to convey his hardships to communicate how much life has to give and teach us in an inspirational way. Jobs begins his speech by dethroning himself as the well-known self made billionaire to create a connection to the graduates. He starts by putting the audience on a higher plateau with “I am honored to be with you”(1) and “ this is the closest I have been to a college graduation”(2) and when speaking of himself and his speech, he states it is “No big deal”.
Throughout his speech, Jobs’ main goal was to connect with the audience on different levels and build trust so they believe him when he says if a person works hard and always follow their dreams, they will be successful. He establishes the connection through his style of writing by using ethos, pathos, diction, and repetition. Steve Jobs needed to prove to the audience that he was a credible person to talk about following dreams, and working hard. He used ethos to demonstrate how he is
CEO of Apple Computer and Pixar Animation Studios, Steve Jobs, in his commencement address, You've got to find what you love, detailed his path to success in life, while overcoming many obstacles along the way. Jobs’ purpose was to convey to the graduating class that you don’t have to attend college in order be successful and you must live each day as if it is your last. He used a compelling tone in order to convey his message to the students through three significant life events he experienced. Jobs began his commencement speech by illustrating the importance of “connecting the dots in life” Jobs, 2005, Pg.1). Jobs’ appealed emotionally to the audience by a lone diction addressing his childhood adoption.
Bill Gates had a dream of developing Software since his childhood. But he didn’t have resources at that time. I would have given up on my dreams. But Bill Gates was a different kind of a person. He didn’t give up when he didn’t have resources to produce an operating system for IBM.
In life, there is always going to be something that one needs to learn; things such as yourself, other people, or the environment around you, pretty much the of do’s and don’t of life. During your journey, you are the ultimate ruler of what happens and what does not happen, but along the way, people will try to guide you and give you the best advice that they can. This is what Steve Jobs did during his commencement speech; he took what he knew life had taught him and tried to teach others about the best life one can live. After listening to the full commencement speech, one can see that Jobs wants us to live our life the way we would like to, and to make sure it’s lived to the fullest. During his speech, Jobs made an emphasis on three big ideas: You can’t connect the dots looking
Jobs was fired from Apple back in 1985 because the board believed he was no longer useful to the company, in fact, they believed he was being detrimental to the business, he says “our visions of the future began to diverge and… our Board of Directors sided with him.” Jobs chose to talk about how he was fired from Apple, the company he had founded, because it reveals Job’s biggest failure, He had spent most of his adult life growing the company, only to have it taken away, yet Jobs pushed on and recovered it later on. This use of pathos strengthens the connection with his audience, and shows how someone so successful once reached rock bottom, yet managed to climb his way back up, and it inspires them to be like
At Apple, Steve Jobs was firmly believed that it is essential to encourage the employees and make them show the best. He always reminded employees that Apple is a good company, it was a honor to become one of the number of this company. It was to make them understand that everyone was noticed. This led employees to believe in their abilities, know their talents so that they could show the best in the