This included increased levels of clinical depression, with over 50 per cent of female carers reporting being depressed for six months or more since they started caring. Young women in custody and leaving custody are at particular risk of poor emotional and mental health. MARGINALISATION OF WOMEN WORKERS While liberalization may have increased employment, it has worsened the quality of employment, especially for women. The article studies macro-level data to analyse employment of men and women. Data collection by official agencies uses faulty processes and much of women 's work remains invisible.
What is stereotyping? Stereotyping is when a person will make assumptions based on another person’s age, skin color, religion or sex. The most of the stereotypes have very negative impact towards the people. Stereotyping may cause problems such as people discriminating towards others. Lots of people can then be treated very unfairly.
Scapegoat theory refers to the tendency to blame someone else for one’s own problems, a process that often results in feelings of prejudice toward the person or group that one is blaming. Scapegoating serves as an opportunity to explain failure or misdeeds, while maintaining one’s positive self-image. If a person who is poor or doesn’t get a job that he or she applies for can blame an unfair system or the people who did get the job that he or she wanted, the person may be using the others as a scapegoat and may end up hating them as a result. However, if the system really is unfair and keeps the person from succeeding financially, or the other people got the job because of nepotism or illegitimate preferential treatment, then blaming those factors would not be scapegoating. Essentially, scapegoating generally employs a stand-in for one’s own failures so that one doesn’t have to face one’s own weaknesses., developed initially from (Dollard, J., 1939) frustration-aggression theory, suggests that the dominant group will displace their unfocused aggression onto a subordinate group.
These stereotypes are generalization relating to the diversity of a individuals identity which may be translated into destructive and oppressive behaviors and attitudes due to race or ethnicicty,for example women being paranoid and keeping her belongings to herself at the sight of a black man. Although oppression on an individual can affect self-esteem and mental health, it is oppression on an institutional level that poses a threat as it can lead to difficulty in the access of education, health care and legal system. Baines provide a definition of oppression, “oppression takes place when a person acts or a policy is enacted unjustly against an individual or group... depriving people of … basic human rights.” The undermining of oppressive attitudes such as racism within society is critical to the level of access of health resources to those disadvantaged groups, especially in regard to indigenous children. Iindigenous children suffer immensely from oppression, as they are born into a world where they are systematically disadvantages due to the poor quality of life of their parents led as a result of unemployment, inadequate housing, education etc. Due to racism, the cycle experienced by their parents repeats with them, as they experience poor opportunities to education, subsequently growing up into disadvantage adults with little access to health.
For instance, Wilkinson (1996) analyzes data of mortality and morbidity from several countries and finds that the widest gaps in health inequalities are found in countries that have the widest gaps in income. That shows class order has effects on people’s health. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be sensitive to health inequality because knowing the health inequality not only helps to cure the diseases of patients but also help to promote health . In order to reduce the illnesses and promote health, hospitals are not enough. We need to have healthcare systems to reduce illnesses and promote health.
Others are desperate to have children to end the loneliness or have an escape from the world around them, the issue is once they have kids they are forced into deeper debt due to the immense cost of medical bills and necessities for the baby. A lot of these children are born with HIV or AIDS and once they reach of age they are also forced into the flesh trade, just continuing the
OVERCOMING MENTAL HEALTH STIGMA GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE ON MENTAL HEALTH DISODERS: What is mental health stigma? : Mental health stigma can be divided into two distinct types: social stigma is characterized by prejudicial attitudes and discriminating behaviour directed towards individuals with mental health problems as a result of the psychiatriclabel they have been given. On the other hand, perceived stigma or self-stigma is the internalizing by the mental health sufferer of their perceptions of discrimination (Link, Cullen, Struening & Shrout, 1989), and perceived stigma can significantly affect feelings of shame and lead to poorer treatment outcomes (Perlick, Rosenheck, Clarkin, Sirey et al., 2001). Back in the early 2000’s, there are a lot of cases pertaining mental health stigma and that society tends to discriminate these people with this disability rather than realizing the actual daily routine that a mental disorder patient go through in their lives. It is a lot harder than we think as most of us don’t encounter mental stigma thoughts.
A person’s behavior should be considered abnormal if it adheres to one or more of the following criteria: • Behavior deviates from social norms or is unusual (reflective of cultural standards). • Faulty perceptions of reality; including hallucinations (hearing/seeing things that aren’t there), and ideas of persecution (i.e. people are out to get you). • Significant personal distress caused by emotions, especially if they are prolonged or persist even after the source of pain is removed, and if they impair one’s ability to function. • Behavior is maladaptive or self-defeating; actions that knowingly lead to unhappiness and impair one’s ability to function and/or adapt to an environment.
The study finds that black people may have poorer mental health as a result of two mechanisms: Firstly; chronic exposure to racial discrimination leads to more experiences of daily discrimination and secondly it results in an accumulation of daily negative events across various domains of life, from family, friends, health and finances. As stated by an online research, “A person’s whole world can change from experiencing discrimination and they can become depressed, anxious and mentally unwell. People who experienced the most racism also recorded the most severe psychological distress scores and more than 70% worried at least a few times a month that their family and friends would be victims of racism.” (VicHealth, 2009). In, addition,
Healthcare workers, patients and communities at large remain highly exposed to healthcare waste. Contaminated needles/ syringes and other supplies are unsafely disposed off in a number of countries and this pose a risk to healthcare workers and to the public at large. More than 16 billion injections are administered word wide. Of these, 95% are curative in nature, and 5% are administered in immunization setting. It is estimated that 50% of infections given in developing countries are unsafe, and these account for 33% of new hepatitis B virus, 43% of hepatitis C infections and 2.5% of new HIV infections (Path,