The novel Buzzed is a book written by three authors that talk about the most popular drugs in today’s world and what they do to our bodies. These authors include Scott Swartzwelder who is a professor of Psychiatry at Duke University School of Medicine, Cynthia Kuhn, who is a professor of Pharmacology at Duke University School of Medicine, and Wilkie Wilson, who is a professor of Prevention Science at Duke University. Buzzed, based on the current psychological and pharmacological research provides a reliable look at not only the use but also the abuse of the popular legal and illegal drugs. The first part of this book includes chapters on each of a total of 12 kinds of drugs which include alcohol, caffeine, enactogens, hallucinogens, herb drugs,
In the essay, Lamkin blames the use of these drugs on the universities and society for placing too much of an emphasis on competition and test taking abilities, and not enough on the actual education. By placing the blame on the universities and society, Lamkin is allowing the readers of this essay to relate and better understand the argument that he is making; because of the competition that many know is so great in the society that we live
Another factor that contributes to the demand for Adderall is money, those with a prescription not only benefit from heightening their academic performance but also have the opportunity to generate an income from the medication. Those using Adderall also enjoy an enhanced concentration in school while non-users have to do the same workload without
The school’s policies and procedures in regards to illegal drug use on campus have not been updated since 1970, when there was a more relaxed perspective of drug use. In 1970, cocaine was perceived as being used by the wealthy and the users and dealers were a lot younger (Abadinsky, 2014). This school’s policies and procedures haven’t been revised since “crack” was created in 1980 (Abadinsky, 2014). A lot has changed since 1970 and with new and different drugs in existence the level of violence has increased (Abadinsky, 2014).
Duda also quotes study statistics by the Center for Substance Abuse Research who found that Adderall was the most popular drug taken by students to increase mental performance. He then goes on to explain the health risks from the drug and legal ramifications. He uses factual information stating that Adderall is a Schedule II drug, meaning using it without a prescription or selling it are state and federal crimes and can lead to expulsion from the University. The author then concludes the article by stating that students who do not take Adderall think that a chemically enhanced ability to focus gives users an unfair
The results of my research will just identify the problem and make known the extent of Adderall and stimulant abuse. Future research will be needed in three distinct directions in order to elicit a change in policies. The directions for future research are: (1) the effectiveness of stimulants on individuals without ADHD; (2) the long-term health effects of stimulant abuse in non-ADHD users; and (3) mechanisms to easily test for Adderall use in students. Research in the first field will determine if Adderall abusers are truly gaining an academic advantage over their non-abusing peers. If it is found that they are gaining an academic advantage, universities will be forced to make a change in order to preserve equality.
Stimulants like these are used by students because of the effects it has on the user. Adderall makes the user stay awake and feel alert and focused, this makes it the perfect drug for a college student looking to stay up all night to study. College students are the ones most commonly taking Adderall without a prescription because its effects can help students stay awake to cram for tests, Amy Laskowski in “The other side of Adderall” claims: “A fall 2007 American College Health Association study found that over 90 percent of college students felt overwhelmed by all that they had to do” (1). It is not a surprise when it comes to college students using these illegal prescription drugs to boost abilities and to study harder and longer.
Both drugs are stimulants so they stimulate the individual and create an euphoric high, as a result of the way both drugs elevate the dopamine levels in the brain. Stimulants such as cocaine and meth cause the user to be more active, talkative, alert, less tired, exhilarated, etc. This essay will talk about each drug signs and symptoms treatment nursing management for drug abuse. Cocaine is an extremely addictive and poisonous drug and is a central nervous system stimulant (Miller-Keane).
I noticed cocaine is the drug of choice to almost all of the Prop-36 probationers. Many of the addicts would share that, after the use of such drug, they would hallucinate and want more after they came off of the drug. This study explains how the abnormality of dopamine in certain areas of the brain are associated in how cocaine takes full control of your will and can lead to drug addiction. A perfect example is that of a female being assessed stated that she felt horrible after the first use and the second use. Eventually she became addicted, but not because she liked it, it was because she was forced to use it in order to survive in the streets.
Medications are used to help focus, minimize compulsive behavior, and deal with social, behavioral, and educational problems that come with the symptoms of ADHD. A. Medications can be Stimulants, Non-Stimulants, and Antidepressants. 1. Stimulants can be Long-Acting and
Drug abuse can rewire brain connections, decrease synapse activity and cause addiction. The American Psychiatric Association says that addiction is a complex condition, and a brain disease that is manifested by compulsive substance use despite harmful consequence. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) found that 21.5 million American adults (aged 12 and older) battled a substance use disorder in 2014. Addiction to drugs has been a growing issue in America, and is causing jails to become overcrowded. The Bureau of Justice Statistics found that more than half of federal prisoners were incarcerated for drug crimes in 2010.
It is therefore vital to carefully define each variable and its relationship to another. The dependent variable, the Perception of Consequences of Substance abuse, is broken down into three dimensions: (D1) Substance abuse leads to aggression in behavior; (D2) Over consumption of Marijuana and alcohol leads to addiction which results in substance abuse; (D3) substance abuse increases anxiety among individuals. Whereas, Perception is defined as the state of being or process of becoming aware of something through the senses to create a mental image, Consequences are defined as a result or effect of an action or condition done by individual, Substance refers to drugs like alcohol and marijuana which are the part of this research, and Abuse is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. The independent variable consists of three dimensions: (D1) student’s current major course of study at Monmouth (D2) if the individual has any health-related concerns (D3) Biological gender of the student M/F. Through the detailed knowledge of the independent and dependent variables, it is now understood that their relationship forms the main hypothesis of this study, that is, the perception of Monmouth University Criminal Justice major students will be different from those of non-criminal justice