Stop And Search Analysis

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Stop and search is one of the powers available to police officers and it is present in different acts, the most known is the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. Under PACE section 1, “a police constable can stop and search a person if he has reasonable grounds to suspect that a person is in possession of stolen or prohibited articles” (Bowling and Phillips, 2007); the authors continue by adding that suspicion must be based on facts, information, intelligence, and it must be objective. Before PACE 1984, different powers of stop and search were incorporated within local and national legislation (Brown, 1997 cited by Miller, 2010), one was the Vagrancy Act 1824 (The Police Foundation, 2012), known as the “sus” law which allowed police officers…show more content…
The vast majority of people have no knowledge of stop and search information (HMIC, 2013). For example, the power of stop and search should be used to detect and prevent crime, but effectively officers use it to gain information on people known to the police (Bowling and Phillips, 2007). Moreover, reasonable suspicion is one of the main requirements to stop someone even though is usually absent (Bowling and Phillips, 2007). Finally, stop and search is described as voluntary, therefore no power of compulsion is required and if an officer obligates a person to remain, the detention is unlawful (Bowling and Phillips, 2007). Hence, the individual stopped should be notified if they are being stopped statutorily or not, if not they can leave and have the right to not answer (Bridges, Shiner, Delsol and Gill, 2010). In reality, unwillingness to converse or answer can be seen as evidence of guilt which can result in restraint or arrest (Bowling and Phillips, 2007). Every power available to the police allows them to be intrusive, coercive and violates the rights of citizens, such as privacy and personal liberty, police officers justify themselves by stating that they are legitimate and do so for good ends (Bowling and Phillips,…show more content…
This tool is also supported by the home secretary Amber Rudd who believes that the reforms are working (Dodd, 2017). On the other hand, public support diminishes when stop and search powers are overused (HMIC, 2013). In conclusion, it is important to find a solution by creating legislation which can satisfy both the police and the

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