Marijuana, formerly known as Cannabis, has been looked at in a medical sense for centuries. Marijuana was seen as a household drug throughout the seventeenth to the early twentieth century as a remedy to reduce nausea or vomiting, headaches, an anti-inflammatory, and the choice of pain reliever. In the 1920s, the Eighteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution outlawed the manufacture and sale of alcohol, also known as Prohibition. As a result, marijuana flourished as a psychoactive drug. Marijuana, morphine, heroin, and cocaine continued to be used when the Prohibition was over in 1933.
For decades marijuana was considered to be a dangerous drug, leading to criminal behavior and personal disgrace. “It is time to tax and regulate marijuana like alcohol. It is time to end the arrests of so many people and the destruction of so many lives for possessing marijuana”- Bernie Sanders. However, by now most of these beliefs have been discredited – there is little to no proof that cannabis in and of itself has any conflicting effects. Some studies even show that it is far less dangerous than many completely legal prescription drugs, both for its users and those around them.There is proof of marijuana’s positive medical effects.Marijuana is beneficial for epilepsy patients, it eases nausea caused by chemotherapy and shows good results when used by people suffering from AIDS and a number of other conditions.
Example, the penalties for crack before 2008 where much harsher on those found guilty of crack even though, gram for gram powder cocaine, is pharmacologically identical. However, at the time people that use crack at the time were primarily poor black Americans in inner cities. Cocaine users at the time were whites, that lived in the suburbs and where at the time the upper class in society. According to Manuela, 2003 “other evidence for this argument of conflict theory in the history of the illegality of opium, cocaine, and marijuana. Chinese immigrants for opium, prejudice against African Americans for cocaine and prejudice against Mexican Americans for marijuana” and Block, J. F.2013 backs up this with laws and
“The opioid epidemic has ravaged communities around the nation — deaths from overdoses now outnumber deaths from car crashes” (Spencer). This quote from a recent New York Times article provides some evidence towards the idea that the United States of America is sprawling with addicts hooked on drugs so widespread, and with no segment of the population more susceptible to them than young adults. The same drug prevention policies and punishments have remained in place at the federal level down to school systems, despite evidence of this growing trend towards usage. Therefore, the changes should occur starting with the group most at risk: children. Schools persist to be locations to buy, sell, and even use illicit materials, but now in greater
We are now teaching students about medical marijuana in states like Colorado and California that has already legalized marijuana for recreational use, there are college courses students can take to learn about the cannabis industry. Not only do they get to grow their own plant, but they have teachers to walk them through step by step on every aspect about the plant and how it works. Later these students could open their very own dispensary if taken seriously. Legalization will increase safety control in schools, this means there will be very little marijuana being sold on the streets due to the high quality cannabis being sold in dispensaries to users 21 and older. Providing these schools for students will reduce a lot of drug crime violence.
Dealing drugs is one of the uncongenial ways to make money to take care of the family. Sometimes people must do what they must do. Yes, this does have implications for sociologists. The reason considers the impact that certain products like crack cocaine have on local communities. Crack and other drugs also set many impoverished communities back because of the catastrophic effects of addiction or imprisonment (Levitt).
Violent crime the ravages our neighborhood is a result of the drug trade. Drug abusers’ children are neglected, abused, and even abandoned. In the 1870’s, anti-opium laws were first directed and Chinese immigrants. During the early 1900’s, in the South, the first anti-cocaine laws were directed at black men. In the 1910’s and 1920’s, in the Midwest and Southwest the first anti-marijuana laws were directed at Mexicans – both immigrants and Americans.
They were given to soldiers in World War II to help them stay awake and fight longer then later given to them to help fight depression. Injection of amphetamines specifically meth started in the 1960’s before the smokeable form of meth, crystal meth, came about in the 1990’s and became huge. (A Social History of America 's Most Popular Drugs.) Meth leads to the release of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin causing euphoria and excitement but also leaves the brain highly susceptible to addiction. (Top 10 Drugs and Their
Prohibition increased the amount of crime taking place in american cities, murder, burglary and assault rates increased with the creation of the black market for illegal then substances. Creation of prohibition “helped” in creation of more potent alcohol, young people were exposed to harder liquors that were harmful to their health, due to the fact there was none legal labeling on the alcohol bottles. The current war on drugs had even more drastic results, government started to put more people in jail for not violent crimes, jails started to be filled with inmates that have used the drugs. The drug use policy that is enforced now and the method it uses consist of three parts; first is prevention intervention, second is treatment, and the third one enforcement interventions. The war on drugs in United States limited the tax revenue for the country, and it makes our country looks bad when to compare with other nations; US has the highest incarceration rates on this planet, even though its the country to promote
The history shows the fact that age and background specific youth is involved in juvenile crime. The initial motive to carry a gun is for self-defense, other crime such as drug dealing, violence, robbery and others calls for special attention as they are initiated because of emotional instability. The recent statistics presented on media showed the young adults from a lower income family are involved in such crime for the sake of money and the ones who belong to rich background are involved in drug dealing mostly because of lack of attention being paid to them leads to explore the world negatively. However, the reduction in juvenile crime has been reported due to the efforts of imprisonment, social awareness, policing and reducing the opportunities to enter in the drug dealing matters. This has also shaped the youth behaviors towards drugs and violence.