Primary data was collected from the IT professionals working in organizations in the form of questionnaires. Questionnaires were handed out to individuals who are related to groups consisting of IT professionals working in corporates throughout Bangalore City. This was one of the key method in which data was gathered for this study. The instrument used in measuring the element of social loafing and its impact on group cohesiveness and productivity is the 5-point Likert scales (1 = Strongly disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Neutral, 4 = Agree, 5 = Strongly
Introduction Psychoanalysis is an appealing field for theoretical inquiry, and it is commonly argued that it is instrumental to the literature production and reception as well. In the previous two chapters, we have already given a general background of theories of identity crisis, mainly psychological theories, and its existences in postmodern literature. In this chapter, we will focus on how the major character in McEwan’s Atonement experiences identity crisis, relying on the social psychologist Erik Erikson’s theory. We will select some pertinent passages, and attempt to diagnose the character’s psychological conflicts displayed throughout the implicit and explicit characterization. By observing Briony’s character through Erikson’s perspectives, we will come across two of his eight stages; first, when Briony is at the age of thirteen, when a child enters the adolescent stage, the age of physical and mental development; second, when she became mature and reaches the stage which is associated with the last stage of Erikson’s eight stages of development when one looks back at his life with a sense of satisfaction or dissatisfaction.
Professional learning community, as an object of a research, is a complex, multidimensional phenomenon and the literature shows a variety of approaches. These approaches include literature (Stoll, Bolam, McMahon, Wallace & Thomas, 2006) and study reviews (Hord, 1997; Vescio, Ross & Adams, 2007), concept building (Sleegers, Brok, Verbiest, Moolenaar & Daly, 2013), studying factors that promote progression as PLCs (Richmond & Manokore, 2010; Leclerc, Moreau, Dumouchel & Sallafranque-st Louis, 2012), assessing professional learning communities (Hord, Meehan, Orletsky & Sattes, 1999; Hipp & Huffman, 2003; Stoll,
3. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH THEORY 3.1 QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Qualitative research is a form of research in which the researcher collects and interprets data, meaning the researcher is as important in the research process as the participants and the data they provide. Reason and Rowan (2004) have argued that the core element of a qualitative research approach is to connect meanings to the experiences of respondents and their lives. According to Clissett (2008) qualitative research involves a variety of research methods that can be used to explore human experience, perceptions, motivations and behaviours. Qualitative research is characterised by collection and analysis of words in the form of speech or writing.
2. Literature Review 4283 The literature review undertaken for this research provides an analysis of research evidence relating to executive coaching by giving an introduction to coaching with a particular emphasis on executive coaching. It will explore the existing literature on this subject to identify what has been researched to date and where current research is lacking in order to ascertain what questions remain unanswered. This will ensure that this study will build on previous research and add to the knowledge. Based on the identified gaps in the research literature, a focus for the research is selected.
Learning, can be knowledge, structure, system, new insights or actions and will improve the performance in the future. Organizational learning refers to the process that people can have better knowledge and understanding to improve performance or actions (Fiol & Lyles, 1985). In addition, Share knowledge is important because through people share information, do some practices, lessons learned, share experiences and draw new insights to improve performance (Renzl, 2006). However, there are some barriers to share knowledge, including lack of trust, time, knowledge hoarding and culture (Rosen & Furst, 2007). The essay will show three parts that organizations should focus on different degrees of learning, the key requirements that should be focused on when employees share their knowledge, and why the culture of learning is so important for an organization to gain and sustain a competitive advantage.
But as Fisher (2004) argues, ‘critical reflection’ leads to intensive self-awareness, because many spontaneously held beliefs and assumptions are scrutinized, particularly those influenced and nurtured by cultures and institutions such as country or community or religion (Fisher 2004, p.2). This report has been prepared as a reflective work of my groups business plan for MBA course. The purpose of this reflection sheet is to redirect how I and my team mates worked while undertaking the project. The point of writing this report is to include my thoughts and reactions to the experience. The reflective journal is
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT Core competency Much of the research on competitive advantage centred on core competencies as a significant source of that advantage, core competencies embrace the particular set of skills and resources affirm possesses as well as the approach those resources are accustomed produce outcomes (Fiol, 2001). The concept of core competency, as basic to organizational renewal and as a driving force behind strategic amendment, interests each managers and scholars. It is a complex and challenging concept: it 's tough to specify in theory, to identify empirically as a development, and to apply in practice. Scholars have recently recognized these issues generally conceptual discussions (Hafsi and Thomas, 2005)
In this paper I aim to trace the relation between language and literature. It is very clear from the essays of many 19th and 20th century philosophers and socio-linguists that language influences an individual’s thoughts and which consequently influence his ideas and writings. Raymond William, Bakhtim, Gadamer, Adorno and some other thinkers have invested many years for their lives in proving that language, literature and culture are inter-related and a writer can't write in isolation however objective he pretends to be; this influence of a particular culture and society of his epoch can't be escaped. Stephan Greenblatt's "Culture" also defines culture and its role in literature and literary criticism. Thus there is an unbreakable relation
DISCUSSION The main aim of this study was to lead EFL teachers and learners to notice the circumstance of vocabulary learning and to enhance their improvement by using the key word method. It is an attempt on the part of teachers to match their vocabulary teaching style with learners‟ learning style. Mnemonics or the art of memory is considered to be a deep intellectual interest.This technique provides a powerful device with respect to words which have a high degree of “image ability” or tow word pairs between which the learner be able to make some kind of semantic links (Ellis, 1997). The results of this study are congruent with those of other studies conducted by (Scruggs, Mastorpieri, Berkeley, & Marshak 2010) which have emphasized